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A country perceived as having unusually complex political, economic, and social problems, Peru has long fascinated social scientists. The Peruvian Labyrinth brings together a new generation of scholars to explore the multifaceted Peruvian "experiment" as it has evolved further, in often dramatic ways, in the 1980s and 1990s.
The volume focuses special attention on the administration of Albert Fujimori, who suspended the constitution in 1992, two years after he first became president, but then was reelected in 1995. The experience of Peru under his regime raises important questions about the nature of democracy in Latin America, the challenges of economic and political reform, and the prospects for combining stable democratic governance and sustained development.
Topics covered in the volume include the legacies of democratic transitions, human rights and political violence, the decline of the Shining Path, the Fujimori "autogolpe," the changing roles of business and organized labor, the political impact of the informal sector, changes in the agrarian sector, and the shift in economic strategies from developmentalism and toward neoliberalism.
"Highly useful anthology dealing with the complex social, political and economic issues dominating Peru during the past three decades. Individual authors discuss the evolution of peasant communities in the sierra, the difficulties of transition from extended military to civilian rule after 1980, the dynamics of Fujimori's political leadership, the status of trade unions, the decline of Sendero Luminoso, and the troubling issue of human rights in contemporary Peru. Bibliography provides valuable guide to key issues of contemporary Peru"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 58.
|Pt. I||The Legacy of Past Choices: Regimes, Coalitions, Policies|
|1||The Transition to "Democracy" and the Failures of Institution Building||13|
|2||Political and Economic Origins of Regime Change in Peru: The Eighteenth Brumaire of Alberto Fujimori||37|
|3||State Policy and Social Conflict in Peru||70|
|Pt. II||Social Actors and Political Change: Peasants, Workers, Business|
|4||The Rural Landscape and Changing Political Awareness: Enterprises, Agrarian Producers, and Peasant Communities, 1969-1994||107|
|5||Politics and Trade Unions in Peru||134|
|6||The Growth and Limitations of the Peruvian Right||152|