The Philosophy of History

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More About This Textbook

Overview

Hegel wrote this classic as an introduction to a series of lectures on the "philosophy of history"-a novel concept in the early nineteenth century. With this work, he created the history of philosophy as a scientific study. He reveals philosophical theory as neither an accident nor an artificial construct, but as an exemplar of its age, fashioned by its antecedents and contemporary circumstances, and serving as a model for the future. The author himself appears to have regarded this book as a popular introduction to his philosophy as a whole, and it remains the most readable and accessible of all his philosophical writings. Eschewing the methods of original history (written during the period in question) and reflective history (written after the period has passed), Hegel embraces philosophic history, which employs a priori philosophical thought to interpret history as a rational process. Reason rules history, he asserts, through its infinite freedom (being self-sufficient, it depends on nothing beyond its own laws and conclusions) and power (through which it forms its own laws). Hegel argues that all of history is caused and guided by a rational process, and God's seemingly unknowable plan is rendered intelligible through philosophy. The notion that reason rules the world, he concludes, is both necessary to the practice of philosophic history and a conclusion drawn from that practice.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781434421586
  • Publisher: Wildside Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/2010
  • Pages: 488
  • Sales rank: 1,178,164
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 1.09 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
I Original History 1
II Reflective History 4
III Philosophical History 8
Geographical Basis of History 79
Classification of Historic Data 103
Part I The Oriental World
Principle of the Oriental World 111
Section I China 116
Section II India 139
Section II Continued. India-Buddhism 167
Section III Persia 173
Chapter I The Zend People 176
Chapter II The Assyrians, Babylonians, Medes, and Persians 182
Chapter III The Persian Empire and its Constituent Parts 187
Persia 188
Syria and Semitic Western Asia 191
Judaea 195
Egypt 198
Transition to the Greek World 219
Part II The Greek World
The Region of Spirit 223
Section I The Elements of the Greek Spirit 225
Section II Phases of Individuality AEsthetically Conditioned 241
Chapter I The Subjective Work of Art 241
Chapter II The Objective Work of Art 244
Chapter III The Political Work of Art 250
The War with the Persians 256
Athens 258
Sparta 262
The Peloponnesian War 265
The Macedonian Empire 271
Section III Fall of the Greek Spirit 275
Part III The Roman World
Distinction between the Roman, Persian, and Greek Principle 278
Section I Rome to the Time of the Second Punic War 283
Chapter I The Elements of the Roman Spirit 283
Chapter II History of Rome to the Second Punic War 296
Section II Rome from the Second Punic War to the Emperors 306
Section III Chapter I. Rome under the Emperors 314
Chapter II Christianity 318
Chapter III The Byzantine Empire 336
Part IV The German World
The Principle of Spiritual Freedom 341
Section I The Elements of the Christian German World 347
Chapter I The Barbarian Migrations 347
Chapter II Mahometanism 355
Chapter III The Empire of Charlemagne 360
Section II The Middle Ages 366
Chapter I The Feudality and the Hierarchy 366
Chapter II The Crusade 389
Chapter III The Transition from Feudalism to Monarchy 398
Section III The Modern Time 412
Chapter I The Reformation 412
Chapter II Influence of the Reformation on Political Development 427
Chapter III The Eclaircissement and Revolution 438
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