The Philosophy of History

The Philosophy of History

by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1602064385

ISBN-13: 9781602064386

Pub. Date: 06/28/2007

Publisher: Cosimo

Hegel wrote this classic as an introduction to a series of lectures on the "philosophy of history"-a novel concept in the early nineteenth century. With this work, he created the history of philosophy as a scientific study. He reveals philosophical theory as neither an accident nor an artificial construct, but as an exemplar of its age, fashioned by its antecedents

Overview

Hegel wrote this classic as an introduction to a series of lectures on the "philosophy of history"-a novel concept in the early nineteenth century. With this work, he created the history of philosophy as a scientific study. He reveals philosophical theory as neither an accident nor an artificial construct, but as an exemplar of its age, fashioned by its antecedents and contemporary circumstances, and serving as a model for the future. The author himself appears to have regarded this book as a popular introduction to his philosophy as a whole, and it remains the most readable and accessible of all his philosophical writings. Eschewing the methods of original history (written during the period in question) and reflective history (written after the period has passed), Hegel embraces philosophic history, which employs a priori philosophical thought to interpret history as a rational process. Reason rules history, he asserts, through its infinite freedom (being self-sufficient, it depends on nothing beyond its own laws and conclusions) and power (through which it forms its own laws). Hegel argues that all of history is caused and guided by a rational process, and God's seemingly unknowable plan is rendered intelligible through philosophy. The notion that reason rules the world, he concludes, is both necessary to the practice of philosophic history and a conclusion drawn from that practice.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781602064386
Publisher:
Cosimo
Publication date:
06/28/2007
Pages:
472
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.19(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
IOriginal History1
IIReflective History4
IIIPhilosophical History8
Geographical Basis of History79
Classification of Historic Data103
Part IThe Oriental World
Principle of the Oriental World111
Section IChina116
Section IIIndia139
Section IIContinued. India-Buddhism167
Section IIIPersia173
Chapter IThe Zend People176
Chapter IIThe Assyrians, Babylonians, Medes, and Persians182
Chapter IIIThe Persian Empire and its Constituent Parts187
Persia188
Syria and Semitic Western Asia191
Judaea195
Egypt198
Transition to the Greek World219
Part IIThe Greek World
The Region of Spirit223
Section IThe Elements of the Greek Spirit225
Section IIPhases of Individuality AEsthetically Conditioned241
Chapter IThe Subjective Work of Art241
Chapter IIThe Objective Work of Art244
Chapter IIIThe Political Work of Art250
The War with the Persians256
Athens258
Sparta262
The Peloponnesian War265
The Macedonian Empire271
Section IIIFall of the Greek Spirit275
Part IIIThe Roman World
Distinction between the Roman, Persian, and Greek Principle278
Section IRome to the Time of the Second Punic War283
Chapter IThe Elements of the Roman Spirit283
Chapter IIHistory of Rome to the Second Punic War296
Section IIRome from the Second Punic War to the Emperors306
Section IIIChapter I. Rome under the Emperors314
Chapter IIChristianity318
Chapter IIIThe Byzantine Empire336
Part IVThe German World
The Principle of Spiritual Freedom341
Section IThe Elements of the Christian German World347
Chapter IThe Barbarian Migrations347
Chapter IIMahometanism355
Chapter IIIThe Empire of Charlemagne360
Section IIThe Middle Ages366
Chapter IThe Feudality and the Hierarchy366
Chapter IIThe Crusade389
Chapter IIIThe Transition from Feudalism to Monarchy398
Section IIIThe Modern Time412
Chapter IThe Reformation412
Chapter IIInfluence of the Reformation on Political Development427
Chapter IIIThe Eclaircissement and Revolution438

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