The Philosophy of Psychology

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Overview

Since the cognitive revolution of the 1960s, there has been a resurgence of interest in the study of the philosophical assumptions and implications of psychology. Several significant themes, such as the foundations of knowledge, behaviorism, rationality, emotion, and cognitive science span both philosophy and psychology, and are covered here along with a wide range of issues in the fields of folk psychology, clinical psychology, neurophysiology, and professional ethics. The Philosophy of Psychology will be essential reading for students and academics in theoretical issues in psychology, philosophy of psychology, cognitive science, philosophy of mind and related courses.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780761953050
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 12/23/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.85 (d)

Meet the Author

William T. O’Donohue is a licensed clinical psychologist and is widely recognized in the field for his proposed innovations in mental health service delivery, in treatment design and evaluation, and in knowledge of empirically supported cognitive behavioral therapies. He is a member of the Association for the Advancement for Behavior Therapy and served on the Board of Directors of this organization. Dr. O’Donohue has an exemplary history of successful grant funding and government contracts. Since 1996, he has received over $1,500,000 in federal grant monies from sources including the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute of Justice. In addition, Dr. O’Donohue has published his work prolifically. He has edited over twenty books, and written thirty-five book chapters on various topics and published reviews for seven books. Furthermore, he has published more than seventy-five articles in scholarly journals. Dr. O’Donohue is currently directing a major grant funded project involving integrated care. This project is a treatment development/outcome evaluation project. Specially trained psychologists are placed into primary care and five sets of variables are examined: 1) patient satisfaction; 2) provider satisfaction; 3) clinical change; 4) functional change; and 5) medical utilization change. Dr. O’Donohue is a national expert in training clinicians in integrated care and developing quality improvement projects in integrated care.

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Table of Contents

Preface
The Contributors
Introduction
1 Epistemology, Psychology of Science, and the Foundations of Psychology 1
1 Naturalism and the Abandonment of Normativity 4
2 Psychology, Naturalized Epistemology, and Rationality 19
3 Social Epistemology and Psychology 33
4 Psychology of Science 50
5 Genetic Epistemology and Cognitive Psychology of Science 66
2 Behaviorism, Psychology, and Philosophy 79
6 Behaviorism as Opposition to Cartesianism 81
7 Quine's Behaviorism 96
8 Skinner's Theory of Theories 108
9 Linguistic Behaviorism as a Philosophy of Empirical Science 126
10 Skinner's Case for Radical Behaviorism 141
11 Must Behavior Be Mechanistic? Modeling Nonmachines 149
3 Cognitive Science and Psychology 157
12 Computational Theories of Cognition 160
13 Troubles with Computationalism 173
14 Toward a Naturalized Cognitive Science: A Framework for Cooperation Between Philosophy and the Natural Sciences of Intelligent Systems 184
15 Neurobehavioral Science, Neuropsychology and the Philosophy of Mind 207
16 Typical Emotions 227
17 "Folk Psychology" and Its Implications for Psychological Science 243
Introduction 243
The Falsity of Folk Theories: Implications for Psychology and Philosophy 244
Does Science Underwrite Our Folk Psychology? 256
Folk Psychology from the Standpoint of Conceptual Analysis 264
On the Necessary Survival of Folk Psychology 270
Folk Psychology and Its Implications for Cognitive Science: Discussion 275
4 Clinical Psychology and Philosophy 279
18 Is Psychoanalysis Viable? 281
19 The Value of Psychoanalytic Therapy: A Question of Standards 291
20 What Is an Irrational Belief? Rational-Emotive Therapy and Accounts of Rationality 304
5 Ethics and Psychology 317
21 The Formation and Transformation of Values 319
22 Prescriptions for Responsible Psychiatry 339
23 The Behavior Therapists' Dilemma: Reflections on Autonomy, Informed Consent, and Scientific Psychology 352
24 Professional Codes of Ethics and Ongoing Moral Problems in Psychology 361
25 A Critical Examination of the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct 371
Index 381
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