The Politics of Congressional Elections / Edition 7

The Politics of Congressional Elections / Edition 7

by Gary C. Jacobson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0205577024

ISBN-13: 9780205577026

Pub. Date: 02/12/2008

Publisher: Pearson

Brought completely up-to-date with the latest data from the National Election Study and the Federal Election Commission, and including coverage and analysis of the dramatic 2006 midterm elections, this seminal work continues to offer a systematic account of what goes on in congressional elections and demonstrates how electoral politics reflect and shape other

Overview

Brought completely up-to-date with the latest data from the National Election Study and the Federal Election Commission, and including coverage and analysis of the dramatic 2006 midterm elections, this seminal work continues to offer a systematic account of what goes on in congressional elections and demonstrates how electoral politics reflect and shape other components of the political system, with profound consequences for representative government.

The Seventh Edition of this work – one of the Longman Classics in Political Science – provides completely up-to-date coverage of congressional election politics, broadly understood. Jacobson analyzes how congressional campaigns and elections reflect deeper structural patterns and currents in American political life and help determine how – and how well – we are governed. The book traces the connections between electoral politics in Congress and other important political phenomena and makes questions of representation and responsibility its chief normative concern.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205577026
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
02/12/2008
Series:
MySearchLab Series for Political Science Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.37(w) x 9.13(h) x 0.61(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures     vii
List of Tables     ix
Foreword     xi
Preface     xiii
Introduction     1
The Context     5
The Constitutional Framework     5
Congressional Districts     7
Partisan Gerrymandering     8
Redistricting Between Censuses     12
Racial Gerrymandering     13
The Republican Advantage in House Districts     14
States as Electoral Units     15
Election Laws     17
Political Parties     18
Social and Political Contexts     21
Conclusion     22
Notes     22
Congressional Candidates     27
The Incumbency Factor     27
Measuring the Value of Incumbency     30
The Vanishing Marginals     32
Sources of the Incumbency Advantage     35
The Institutional Characteristics of Congress     35
Changes in Voting Behavior     38
Constituency Service     39
The Variability of the Incumbency Advantage     41
Discouraging the Opposition     41
Money in Congressional Elections     45
The Connectionbetween Money and Success     46
Why Campaign Money Is More Important to Challengers than to Incumbents     49
The Career in the District     51
Motivating Challengers     53
Notes     55
Congressional Campaigns     63
Campaign Money     65
Contributions to Candidates     65
PACs     67
Party Money     74
Contributions from Other Members of Congress     80
Self-Financing by Candidates     82
Fundraising Tactics     83
Independent, "Voter Education," and "Issue Advocacy" Campaigns     84
Campaign Organizations     87
Campaign Strategies     88
Campaign Media     90
Personal Campaigning     92
Campaign Messages     93
Challengers' Campaigns     94
Going Negative     95
Incumbents' Campaigns     97
Candidates for Open Seats     101
Senate Campaigns     101
Manipulating Turnout     103
Concluding Observations     104
Notes     105
Congressional Voters     113
Turnout in Congressional Elections     113
Who Votes?     114
Partisanship in Congressional Elections     116
Alternative Interpretations of Party Identification     117
Partisanship and Voting     119
Information and Voting     121
Recall and Recognition of Candidates     123
Contacting Voters     128
The Effects of Campaign Spending     132
Models of Voting Behavior     135
Evaluating Incumbents     137
Winning Challengers     145
Issues in Congressional Elections     148
Notes     150
National Politics and Congressional Elections     155
Political Interpretations of Congressional Elections     157
Models of Aggregate Congressional Election Results     159
Presidential Coattails     161
National Conditions and Strategic Politics     168
Campaign Themes     174
House Elections, 1992-2006     175
1992     175
1994     181
The Clinton Problem     183
Nationalizing the Vote     185
1996     189
The Campaigns     190
1998     192
The Scandal and the Campaigns     193
2000      197
2002     199
The Economy     201
Exposure and Redistricting     202
2004     202
2006     204
Strategic Politicians in 2006     207
Conclusion: House Election Patterns, 1980-2006     209
Senate Elections, 1980-2006     211
2002-2006     217
Maintaining the Balance     220
Notes     220
Elections, Representation, and the Politics of Congress     231
Representation     231
Policy Congruence     232
Interests and Causes     233
Representation by Referendum     234
Descriptive Representation     235
Policy Consequences     235
Particularism     235
Serving the Organized     237
Responsiveness without Responsibility     239
The Congressional Parties: Decline and Revival     240
The Revival of Party Cohesion, 1980-2006     242
Ideological Polarization in Congress and the Electorate     245
Polarization in Presidential Support     247
Party Polarization: The Electoral Connection     249
Diverging Electoral Constituencies      251
Chicken or Egg?     253
Party Polarization and the Politics of Impeachment     255
Representing Polarized Opinions on the Iraq War after 2006     257
Reforming Congress     258
Term Limits     259
The Public's Evaluations of Congress     261
2008 and Beyond: A Matter of Geography     262
Notes     266
Bibliography     271
Index     284

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