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THE PRACTICAL WRITER provides both developmental and first-year composition students with a step-by-step approach to writing, from the one-paragraph essay to the five-paragraph essay to the research paper.
SECTION 1. A Model for Writing. Part I: THE ONE-PARAGRAPH ESSAY (STAGE I). 1. Overview of the One- Paragraph Essay (Stage I). Another Example. A Final Example. 2. Support: Examples, Statistics, Statements by Authorities. Examples. Statistics. Statements by Authorities. Combined Types of Support. Invented Support. 3. Topic Sentence. Limiting the Subject. Stating the Precise Opinion. Writing the Topic Sentence. Refining the Topic Sentence. 4. Unity. 5. Coherence. Explanation of the Support. Reminders of the Opinion in the Topic Sentence. Transitions. 6. Tips on the Writing Process. The Writing Process. What Are Some Ways to Think of Ideas? Part II: THE ONE-PARAGRAPH ESSAY (STAGE II). 7. Overview of the One-Paragraph Essay (Stage II). 8. Support: Subtopic Sentences. Subtopic Sentence: Why?" Subtopic Sentence: How?" Subtopic Sentence: When?" Parallel Subtopic Sentences. Checklist for the One-Paragraph Essay. Part III: THE FIVE-PARAGRAPH ESSAY. 9. Overview of the Five- Paragraph Essay. Parts of a Five-Paragraph Essay. A Sample Five-Paragraph Essay. Preliminary Documentation. Another Sample Five- Paragraph Essay. 10. Alternative Techniques of Layout. Headings. Shorter Paragraphs. Indented Lists. A Sample Five-Paragraph Essay with Alternative Layout. Single Spacing and Double Spacing. 11. Thesis Statement with Blueprint. Thesis Statement. Blueprint. Blueprints Answering Why?" How?" When?" Different Forms of the Thesis with Blueprint. 12. Central Paragraphs. Omission of the Reworded Topic Sentence. Additions to the Topic Sentence. Examples of Central Paragraphs. 13. Introduction. The Opposite Opinion. A Brief Story. An Interesting Statement. 14. Conclusion. Sample Conclusions. An Example of a Five- Paragraph Essay. Checklist for the Five- Paragraph Essay. SECTION 2. Beyond the Model Essay. Part IV: MORE PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT. 15. Comparison and Contrast. Thesis. Approaches to Comparison and Contrast. Organizing Your Central Paragraphs. Varying From the Model Essay. 16. Cause and Effect. Examining the Causes. Examining the Effects. Examining the Entire Cause-Effect Statement. Pitfalls of the Cause-Effect Statement. Varying From the Model Essay. 17. Classification. Organization. Thesis. Varying From the Model Essay. 18. Process. Describing How To Do Something (Instructions). Describing How Something Works. Varying From the Model Essay. Part V: THE RESEARCH PAPER. 19. Overview of the Research Paper. The Shape of the Research Paper. The Research Paper's Purpose. A Sample Research Paper. Previewing the Research Paper Process. Possible Topics. 20. Finding Support. Where to Begin. Books. Periodicals. Electronic Sources. Evaluating Your Sources. 21. Taking and Organizing Notes. The Traditional System. The Copy Machine System. Which System Should You Use? 22. Organizing Your Thoughts and Support. Outlining. Headings for Large Papers. A Time-Saver in Writing. Abstract. 23. Using Borrowed Material in Your Paper. Choosing the Type of Presentation. Introducing Borrowed Material. Presenting Borrowed Material. Crediting Your Source. 24. Parenthetical Documentation. Parenthetical Documentation System. Parenthetical References. 25. Works Cited. Works Cited Page Format. What Works Cited Entries Contain. Entries for Books. Entries for Articles in Periodicals. Entries for Miscellaneous Sources. Entries for Portable Electronic Sources. Entries for Online Electronic Sources. Special Rules for Titles. Special Rules for Publishers' Names. Special Rules for Inclusive Page Numbers. SECTION 3. Improving Your Punctuation and Expression. Part VI: PUNCTUATION. 26. Definitions. 27. Sentence Fragment. 28. Comma Splice and Fused Sentence. 29. Comma. 30. Semicolon. 31. Colon. 32. Dash. 33. Apostrophe. 34. Quotation Marks. Part VII: EXPRESSION. 35. Subordination. 36. Sentence Variety. 37. Parallelism. 38. Misused Modifiers. 39. Subject-Verb Agreement. 40. Pronoun Agreement. 41. Passive Voice. 42. Word Choice. SECTION 4. Sample Student Essays. The Stage I Paragraph. Victoria Eugene Boot, Renoir: And Now for the Rest of the Story... *John Thomas, Home on the Web. Laura Rosenfeld, Fall. *JoAnna Westphal, When a bird isn't a bird. Rob Jacobs, The Joys of Writing. Edward Hiller, Switzerland Is Breathtakingly Beautiful: The Postcards Tell the Truth. Christine Holt, An Embarrassing Moment.Allan Jackson, My Uncle Joe. Brooke Pleasants, Computers Earn Their Wings. Debbie Stewart, The Robot and the Orange. Karen Eisenhauer, The Virtuoso Shopper. The Stage II Paragraph. *Mackenzie Melton, Buttons for Web Pages. *Julie Jason Michael, That Long, Romantic Beach Walk. Tippy Sophster, Sailing Alone: Not for the Fainthearted. Gary Coyne, Mountain Climbing. Amy Fisher, The Mouse That People Like. Bonnie Banks, Woodworking. Karen Eisenhauer, Callaway Gardens. Tom Carroll, Short Fuse. Christine Holt, My Love for Music. The Five-Paragraph Essay. *Cameron Melton, A Tree, a Building, a Person. Zach Stimus, My Hearing- Impaired Sister. Laura M. Godar, Leaving Home: Freedom or... Maggie Mendoza, My Two Boys". Andrew Dunn, To Smoke or Not to Smoke. Vicky Ahmed, Passing on Values to the Children. Joan Ippolito, College: A New Experience. Laura Eckenroth, The Negative Effects of Technology. Michelle Brutto, New York. Larry Fitch, There Is Nothing to Fear. Heather Winter, Effective Products. Glorianne M. Langan, PVCs: What Are They? Carol J. Byers, Lobbying: What Is It? Patricia A. Robilotta, Marketing Myopia: A Close Look. Toni R. Ardabell, Patient Acuity: How Sick Is Sick? Linda L. Brown, Supercomputers. Comparison and Contrast. Laura Rosenfeld, Growing Up in England and the United States. Karen Eisenhauer, Jessica and Jordan. Julie Waterbury, My Mother, Myself. Jenifer Powell, Conformity and Independence. Cause and Effect. Christine Holt, Successful Marriages. Tom Eagle, What Price Utopia? Karen Eisenhauer, An Addition to Murphy's Law. Jerry Cole, Environmental Paybacks for Eastern Bloc Policies. Classification. Zack Stimus, Types of Animal Rights Activists. Tommi Hilts, My Favorite Escape: Books. Debbie Stewart, Microwave Ovens. Christine Holt, Common Emotions During Pregnancy. Tom Eagle, Home-Style Entertainment. Kolbi Rockhold, Court Side Creatures. Alison Erion, Betting at the Race Track. Process. *Sophia Hiller, Optimizing Your Digital Photos. Julia Waterbury, How to Lose Your Appetite. Jim Meeks, Hawkeye. Michele Harding, Andrew Jackson: Increasing the Power of the Presidency. Karen E. Yeatman, Selling Crabs. Appendixes. A. Theme Format. B. Commonly Confused Words. C. Glossary of Grammatical Terms. *Denotes new to this edition.