The Prince

The Prince

by Northern Border eBook Store
     
 

CHAPTER I
How Many Kinds Of Principalities There
Are, And By What Means They Are
Acquired
LL STATES, all powers, that have held and
hold rule over men have been and are
either republics or principalities. APrincipalities are either hereditary, in which the
family has been long established; or they are new.
The new are either entirely… See more details below

Overview

CHAPTER I
How Many Kinds Of Principalities There
Are, And By What Means They Are
Acquired
LL STATES, all powers, that have held and
hold rule over men have been and are
either republics or principalities. APrincipalities are either hereditary, in which the
family has been long established; or they are new.
The new are either entirely new, as was Milan to
Francesco Sforza, or they are, as it were, members
annexed to the hereditary state of the prince who
has acquired them, as was the kingdom of Naples
to that of the King of Spain.
Such dominions thus acquired are either
accustomed to live under a prince, or to live in
freedom; and are acquired either by the arms of the
prince himself, or of others, or else by fortune or
by ability.
The Prince 2 Nicolo Machiavelli
CHAPTER II
Concerning Hereditary Principalities
WILL leave out all discussion on republics,
inasmuch as in another place I have written of
them at length, 1 and will address myself only
to principalities. In doing so I will keep to the
order indicated above, and discuss how such
principalities are to be ruled and preserved.
I
I say at once there are fewer difficulties in
holding hereditary states, and those long
accustomed to the family of their prince, than new
ones; for it is sufficient only not to transgress the
customs of his ancestors, and to deal prudently
with circumstances as they arise, for a prince of
average powers to maintain himself in his state,
unless he be deprived of it by some extraordinary
and excessive force; and if he should be so
deprived of it, whenever anything sinister happens
to the usurper, he will regain it.
We have in Italy, for example, the Duke of
Ferrara, who could not have withstood the attacks
of the Venetians in '84, nor those of Pope Julius in
'10, unless he had been long established in his
dominions. For the hereditary prince has less cause
and less necessity to offend; hence it happens that
he will be more loved; and unless extraordinary
vices cause him to be hated, it is reasonable to
1 Discourses.
The Prince 3 Nicolo Machiavelli
expect that his subjects will be naturally well
disposed towards him; and in the antiquity and
duration of his rule the memories and motives that
make for change are lost, for one change always
leaves the toothing for another.
The Prince 4 Nicolo Machiavelli
CHAPTER III
Concerning Mixed Principalities
UT the difficulties occur in a new
principality. And firstly, if it be not
entirely new, but is, as it were, a member
of a state which, taken collectively, may be called
composite, the changes arise chiefly from an
inherent difficulty which there is in all new
principalities; for men change their rulers
willingly, hoping to better themselves, and this
hope induces them to take up arms against him
who rules: wherein they are deceived, because they
afterwards find by experience they have gone from
bad to worse. This follows also on another natural
and common necessity, which always causes a new
prince to burden those who have submitted to him
with his soldiery and with infinite other hardships
which he must put upon his new acquisition.
B
In this way you have enemies in all those whom
you have injured in seizing that principality, and
you are not able to keep those friends who put you
there because of your not being able to satisfy them
in the way they expected, and you cannot take
strong measures against them, feeling bound to
them. For, although one may be very strong in
armed forces, yet in entering a province one has
always need of the goodwill of the natives.
For these reasons Louis XII, King of France,
The Prince 5 Nicolo Machiavelli
quickly occupied Milan, and as quickly lost it; and
to turn him out the first time it only needed
Lodovico's own forces; because those who had
opened the gates to him, finding themselves
deceived in their hopes of future benefit, would not
endure the ill-treatment of the new prince. It is
very true that, after acquiring rebellious provinces
a second time, they are not so lightly lost
afterwards, because the prince, with little
reluctance, takes the opportunity of the rebellion to
punish the delinquents, to clear out the suspects,
and to strengthen himself in the weakest places.
Thus to cause France to lose Milan the first time it
was enough for the Duke Lodovico to raise
insurrections on the borders; but to cause him to
lose it a second time it was necessary to bring the
whole world against him, and that his armies
should be defeated and driven out of Italy; which
followed from the causes above mentioned.
Nevertheless Milan was taken from France b

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
2940014476140
Publisher:
Northern Border eBook Store
Publication date:
04/28/2012
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
130
File size:
0 MB

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