The Really Useful Elementary Science Book

Overview

Amongst the challenges that elementary teachers may often face as they introduce their students to science is the need to maintain a solid understanding of the many scientific concepts and details themselves. This indispensible resource, intended for pre- and in-service elementary school teachers, provides concise and comprehensible explanation of key concepts across science disciplines. Organized around the National Science Education Standards, the book tackles the full range of the elementary curriculum ...

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Overview

Amongst the challenges that elementary teachers may often face as they introduce their students to science is the need to maintain a solid understanding of the many scientific concepts and details themselves. This indispensible resource, intended for pre- and in-service elementary school teachers, provides concise and comprehensible explanation of key concepts across science disciplines. Organized around the National Science Education Standards, the book tackles the full range of the elementary curriculum including life sciences, ecological sciences, physical sciences, and earth sciences. Although not a methods text, the clear and accessible definitions offered by veteran teacher educator Jeffrey Bloom will nonetheless help teachers understand science concepts to the degree to which they can develop rich and exciting inquiry approaches to exploring these concepts with children.

Perfect as a companion to any elementary science methods textbook or as a stand alone reference for practitioners, The Really Useful Elementary Science Book is a resource teachers will want to reach for again and again.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A good elementary science teacher traverses a wide spectrum of science each year. While the content may be introductory, the breadth of science can be a challenge for anyone in the science community. The temptations for teachers can be to give up in despair and cherry-pick only those science topics with which the teacher is comfortable. Jeffrey W. Bloom has instead used the well founded notion of ‘key ideas’ to bring organization and economy to the breadth of science, and then linked those ideas to school grade levels as per the National Science Education Standards—-all without dumbing down the content. I would expect any K-8 teacher of science to find this aptly-titled book of immediate value for the planning of grade appropriate science lessons without sacrificing rigor."

—Bill Cobern, Professor of Biological Sciences and Science Education, Director of the Mallinson Institute for Science Education, Western Michigan University

"Whether you are trying to answer the query of a child or just refresh your knowledge, this book provides a useful portal to science concepts and terminology. Written in concise language, with helpful diagrams, Jeffrey W. Bloom presents solid overviews of the most commonly encountered school science topics. Such a wealth of information gathered into one easily accessible place will make this an indispensible reference for the serious teacher of elementary science."

—Bernard Ricca, Associate Professor and Director, Graduate Program in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, Saint John Fisher College

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415998086
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 8/13/2010
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 6.97 (w) x 10.35 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

Jeffrey W. Bloom is Professor of Science Education at Northern Arizona University.

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Table of Contents

Section 1 Introduction 1

What this Book Does Not Do 1

The Structure of this Book 2

Science Language 2

The Tentative Nature of Science Knowledge 2

Units of Measurement 3

Where to Go From Here 3

Section 2 Life Processes and Systems 5

Key Idea 2.1 Characteristics and Basic Needs of Living Things 6

Basic Needs of Living Things 6

Structure and Function 8

Key Idea 2.2 Levels of Organization 9

Cells and Cell Theory 9

From Tissues to Systems 11

Life Processes and Levels of Organization 12

Key Idea 2.3 Development of Complexity in Animals 14

Key Idea 2.4 Human Characteristics 19

Skeletal System 19

Muscular System 21

Nervous System and Senses 22

Endocrine System 25

Key Idea 2.5 Characteristics of Plants 26

Key Idea 2.6 The Development of Complexity in Plants 30

Key Idea 2.7 Issues of Survival for Living Things 31

Key Idea 2.8 Human Survival and Health 32

Air 33

Water 33

Food 33

List of Foods---Nutrients 34

Disease Defenses 35

Hygiene 36

Parasites 37

Allergies and Environmental Sensitivities 37

Exercise and Sleep 38

Drugs 39

Key Idea 2.9 Growth and Development 39

Key Idea 2.10 The Theory of Evolution 41

Variation and Selection 43

Adaptation, Homologous and Analogous Structures, Convergent and Divergent Evolution, and Speciation 43

Extinction 45

Key Idea 2.11 Replication and Genetics 46

Reproduction 47

Gene Theory and Genetics 48

Key Idea 2.12 Variety of Life 50

Kingdoms Eubacteria and Archaebacteria (Prokaryotes) 51

Kingdom Protista 52

Kingdom Plantae 52

Kingdom Fungi 52

Kingdom Animalia 54

Resources and References 56

Section 3 Ecology and the Environment 57

Key Idea 3.1 The Gaia Hypothesis---The Earth System 57

Key Idea 3.2 Levels of Organization 58

Ecological Hierarchy 58

Organism 58

Population 59

Community or Biotic Community 59

Ecosystem 59

Biome 60

Landscape 60

Biogeographic Region 60

Biosphere 61

Key Idea 3.3 Types of Ecosystems 61

Marine Ecosystems 61

Freshwater Aquatic Ecosystems 63

Terrestrial Ecosystems 66

Domesticated Ecosystems 71

Key Idea 3.4 Features of the Biosphere and its Ecosystems 72

Time 72

Space 73

Gradients 74

Zonations 74

Ecotones 78

Habitat 78

Niche 79

Ecological Succession 80

Key Idea 3.5 Dynamics of Ecological Systems or Ecosystems 81

Homeostasis 82

Key Idea 3.6 Sequences and Cycles---Life, Energy, and Materials 83

Nitrogen Cycle---Primarily and Atmospheric Reservoir 83

Carbon Cycle---Primarily an Atmospheric Reservoir 84

Sulfur Cycle---Primarily a Soil-Sediment Reservoir 86

Phosphorus Cycle---Primarily a Soil-Sediment Reservoir 87

Water Cycle 88

Energy Flow 90

Resources and References 92

Section 4 The Physical Sciences 93

Key Idea 4.1 Mass and Weight 93

Key Idea 4.2 Force and Motion 94

Velocity and Acceleration 94

Force 95

Momentum 95

Newton's Laws of Motion 97

Natural Forces 98

Other Common, Everyday Forces 99

Magnetism 102

Key Idea 4.3 Energy, Work, Simple Machines, and Other Mechanical Concepts 104

Energy 104

Work and Power 106

Machines 107

Dynamics of Objects 111

Key Idea 4.4 Matter: Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Liquids, and Gases 114

Atomic Structure 115

States of Matter 118

The Material World 119

Key Idea 4.5 Waves, Sound, and Light 124

Types of Waves 125

Sound 126

Light and Other Electromagnetic Waves 130

Light and Other Electromagnetic Waves as Particles 132

Optics: The Behavior and Technological Applications of Light 133

Lenses 135

Key Idea 4.6 Temperature, Heat, and Thermodynamics 137

Key Idea 4.7 Electrical Phenomena 140

Basic Electrical Concepts 140

Electrical Circuits 144

Resources and References 148

Section 5 Earth and Space 149

Key Idea 5.1 The Structure of the Earth and Earth System 149

Layers of the Earth 150

Layers of the Atmosphere 152

Forming Land and Landforms 155

Earthquakes 157

Volcanoes 159

Erosion 161

Forces of Change 162

Key Idea 5.2 Earth Features 162

Continents 162

Islands 162

Atolls 163

Peninsulas and Capes 163

Plateaus 164

Canyons 164

Buttes and Mesas 165

Till 165

Out-wash 165

Moraines 165

Outwash Plains 166

Kettle Holes and Lakes 166

Drumlins 166

Eskers 166

Kames 167

Alluvial Fans 167

Inselbergs 167

Playa and Playa Lakes 167

Sand Dunes 167

Deflation Hollows 168

Craters 168

Oceans 169

Freshwater Features and Systems 173

Key Idea 5.3 Earth Materials and their Properties 178

Rock Cycle 178

Soils and Soil Profiles 180

Rocks and Minerals 181

Natural Resources 183

Key Idea 5.4 The History of the Earth 184

Fossils 186

Key Idea 5.5 Climate and Weather 187

Earth-Sun Relationships and the Seasons 188

Radiation and Heat 189

Humidity, Clouds, Fog, and Precipitation 191

Pressure, Wind, and Storms 194

Wind Patterns 197

Other Weather Features 200

Weather Patterns and Climate 201

Key Idea 5.6 Earth, Moon, and Solar System 201

The Sun as Seen from Earth 201

The Moon 202

The Solar System 204

Resources and References 206

Index 207

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 2, 2012

    Rip off

    Wow people way to much i mean really what if the book is terrible and thats a huge rip off for one book i should get a sample to see the book i agree

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  • Posted September 7, 2011

    WAY TOO EXPENSIVE

    THESE PEOPLE RATE THIS EXPESIVELY PLEASE WRITE A REVIEW SO I CAN SEE IT (sorry about the big writing)

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  • Posted August 28, 2011

    Dark star

    To much money! Hell no!

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