The Republicby Plato
Pub. Date: 11/06/2010
Publisher: International Alliance Pro-Publishing, LLC
The Republic is Plato's best-known work. It's also considered to be one of the most historically influential works on philosophy and political theory. See more details below
The Republic is Plato's best-known work. It's also considered to be one of the most historically influential works on philosophy and political theory.
- International Alliance Pro-Publishing, LLC
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Table of Contents
Preface and background to the Republic xiii
Principal Dates xlvii
Current Opinions of Justice Refuted (Book 1) 1
Introductory Dialogue (Socrates and Cephalus, 328c-331d) 2
First Definition (Cephalus, 331a-d) 5
Refutation (332c-335d) 6
Third Definition (Thrasymachus, 338c-343a) 13
Refutation (339b-e) 14
Redefinition of Ruler (340d-341a) 15
Refutation (341c-343a) 16
New Argument (343a-348a) 18
Refutations of (a): i) 345b-348a) 20
Refutation of (b), 352d-354a 28
Conclusion (354a-c) 30
Justice Reexamined, in the State and in the Individual (Books 2-4) 31
Adeimantus (362d-367e) 35
The Problem Examined and Solved (368c-445e) 40
Second State of the State (372d-427c) 44
Elementary Education of the guardians (376c-415d) 48
Gymnastics (physical education), 403c-412b 73
Instilling and testing patriotism and leadership, 412c-415d 81
Living arrangements of guardians and auxiliaries (415d-427c) 85
Conclusion (427c-434d) 94
Wisdom = the knowledge of the guardians (428a-429a) 95
Courage = the auxiliaries’ opinion of “what is and is not to be feared” (429a-30c) 96
Temperance = agreement of all three classes about who should rule and be ruled (430d-432b) 97
Justice = each of the three classes “tending its own business” and not preempting the work of another (432b-434d) 99
Composition of the Soul (434d-441c) 101
Conclusion (441d-444e) 109
Degeneration Regimes and Souls, Interrupted (445b-449a) 113
Digression: The Best Regime and Men (Books 5-7) 114
Organization of the Best Regime (451c-461e) 116
Women and children will not be private possessions but common to all of the men. Marriage arrangements, eugenics (457c-461e) 122
The Superiority and Possibility of Such a City (462a-473e) 126
Excursus: regulations for warfare (466e-471c) 131
Such a city is not impossible (471e-473c) 136
Reminder that the best state is only a model, not completely realizable in practice (472b-473b). It is possible only if philosophers become kings or kings philosophers (473c-3), 138
The Best Men: Philosopher Kings (Guardians), Book 5, 474b-Book 7 139
The Philosophic Nature (485a-503e) 147
Higher Education of the Guardians (504a-535a) 165
The Simple of the Sun (506e-509b) 168
The Simile of the Divided Line (509d-511e) 171
The Simile of the Cave (514a-521b) 174
Curriculum (521c-535a) 181
Plane geometry, 526c-527c 186
Harmonics, 530d-531c 190
Selection of the Guardians (535a-540c) 195
Brief Excursus (540d-541b) 200
Degenerate Regimes and Souls, Resumed From Book 5 (Books 8 and 9) 201
Cause of Change or Decline in a State: Civil War (545c-547c) 203
Degenerate Regimes and Men, Described and Compared (547c-592b) 205
Oilgarchy (rule of the wealthy few) and the oligarchic man (550c-555b) 208
Democracy (rule of the people) and the democratic man (555b-562a) 213
Tyranny (dictatorship) and the tyrannical man (562a-580a) 220
The five types are judged for their goodness and happiness and ranked in the order in which they were presented: Aristocracy and the aristocratic man are the best and happiness; tyranny and the tyrant are the worst and most miserable (580a-588a) 237
Conclusion: The aristocrat is just, the tyrant unjust. Therefore justice makes a man happy, injustice makes him unhappy (588b-592b) 247
Denunciation of Imitative Poetry (Book 10, 595a-608b) 251
Imitative poetry appeals to the emotions rather than to the mind (602c-605c) 259
Imitative poetry deforms character (605c-608b) 263
Immortality and the Rewards of Justice (608b-End) 265
Rewards of Justice and Punishments of Injustice in This Life (612b-614a) 269
Rewards and Punishments After Death (614a-621d) 271
Appendix: The Spindle of Necessity 279
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The Republic was written by a philosopher named Plato in a Socratic method around 380 BC. Plato starts off by discussing the definition of justice and the order and character of the just man in the city-state where he is from. He challenges what people think of Justice. He summarizes that Justice is the interest of the stronger when other people in the time period; and additionally onto today the majority of persons would argue that Justice is the equivalent to equalizing powers of the many social classes when in reality it drives a greater wedge into these classes. Plato writes down what Socrates deducts from multiple sources to answer questions to make the question more reasonable than what it started off to be. The argument/ debate is done in a dialogue. It is Plato's best-known work is proven to be one of the basis for philosophy and political theory. Additionally, Socrates and other Athenian and Greek philosophers discuss the meaning of justice and examine just man and unjust man by examining different societies in this time period and other places around the world. Plato along with all the other philosophers spread a theory of a perfect governing body/ administration that includes a city and an oligharchial (this is the term I have decided to use to suggest for Plato's Ideal Governing Administration) ruled the few intellectual philosophers and everything in the city should be revolved around intellect. He examined the techniques used in the existing regimes and discussed the advantages and disadvantages to each of them. The extensive list of philosophers included immortality of the soul and the roles of philosophers and other occupations in the societies mentioned. I would recommend this book to any philosphy major/ government officiates and intend that if regarded in close possession should intend to make the world a better place. Number of Remaining Characters:1587
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Evanna; She walks in.
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Evanna; She walked in.
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Cypher shook his head. ''Nope. Now.''
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Cypher glanced from side to side, looking around the camp.
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Cypher nodded at Turner. ''I see.'' He clenched his teeth and looked around the camp.
Cypher walked in, looking around the camp. ''Did I miss all the fighting?''
Flower walked in crying. I climb a tree.
Flower "I feel not comfy here. I'm going back to my camp."
Flower growl. I wait for the coward.
Flower "Where is the coward!?!"