The Rescue of Joshua Glover: A Fugitive Slave, the Constitution, and the Coming of the Civil War

The Rescue of Joshua Glover: A Fugitive Slave, the Constitution, and the Coming of the Civil War

by H. Robert Baker
     
 

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On March 11, 1854, the people of Wisconsin prevented agents of the federal government from carrying away the fugitive slave, Joshua Glover. Assembling in mass outside the Milwaukee courthouse, they demanded that the federal officers respect his civil liberties as they would those of any other citizen of the state. When the officers refused, the crowd took matters

Overview


On March 11, 1854, the people of Wisconsin prevented agents of the federal government from carrying away the fugitive slave, Joshua Glover. Assembling in mass outside the Milwaukee courthouse, they demanded that the federal officers respect his civil liberties as they would those of any other citizen of the state. When the officers refused, the crowd took matters into its own hands and rescued Joshua Glover. The federal government brought his rescuers to trial, but the Wisconsin Supreme Court intervened and took the bold step of ruling the Fugitive Slave Act unconstitutional.

The Rescue of Joshua Glover delves into the courtroom trials, political battles, and cultural equivocation precipitated by Joshua Glover's brief, but enormously important, appearance in Wisconsin on the eve of the Civil War.

H. Robert Baker articulates the many ways in which this case evoked powerful emotions in antebellum America, just as the stage adaptation of Uncle Tom's Cabin was touring the country and stirring antislavery sentiments. Terribly conflicted about race, Americans struggled mightily with a revolutionary heritage that sanctified liberty but also brooked compromise with slavery. Nevertheless, as The Rescue of Joshua Glover demonstrates, they maintained the principle that the people themselves were the last defenders of constitutional liberty, even as Glover's rescue raised troubling questions about citizenship and the place of free blacks in America.

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“A fascinating and riveting account.... Baker does a masterful job of detailing the events.”
American Historical Review

“H. Robert Baker’s book does an excellent job discussing the case’s legal and constitutional aspects. He sees the case as the last gasp of a populist antebellum constitutionalism, where the people, not the Supreme Court, are the ultimate arbiters of the constitutionality of the laws.”
Civil War History

“(A)n exemplary case study of the events leading up to the undeservedly obscure Supreme Court decision in Ableman v. Booth (1859).... Baker lays out the complex legal proceedings with admirable clarity.”
The Journal of American History

“The Rescue of Joshua Glover is part of a new approach to constitutional history that examines legal texts with sensitivity to the context in which they were created and debated.... Baker’s complex and compelling book is about legal ramifications of the rescue of Joshua Glover more than it is about the man himself.”
The Annals of Iowa

“The little-known story of Joshua Glover has all the earmarks of a dramatic tale of freedom.... The key battlefield in this pre-Civil War struggle over state’s rights and the Constitution is the courtroom.”
Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780821418130
Publisher:
Ohio University Press
Publication date:
12/15/2007
Series:
Law Society & Politics in the Midwest Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Meet the Author

H. Robert Baker is a visiting assistant professor in history at Marquette University.

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