The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America / Edition 1

The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America / Edition 1

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by Peter Dale Scott
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0520258711

ISBN-13: 9780520258716

Pub. Date: 07/31/2008

Publisher: University of California Press

This is an ambitious, meticulous examination of how U.S. foreign policy since the 1960s has led to partial or total cover-ups of past domestic criminal acts, including, perhaps, the catastrophe of 9/11. Peter Dale Scott, whose previous books have investigated CIA involvement in southeast Asia, the drug wars, and the Kennedy assassination, here probes how the

Overview

This is an ambitious, meticulous examination of how U.S. foreign policy since the 1960s has led to partial or total cover-ups of past domestic criminal acts, including, perhaps, the catastrophe of 9/11. Peter Dale Scott, whose previous books have investigated CIA involvement in southeast Asia, the drug wars, and the Kennedy assassination, here probes how the policies of presidents since Nixon have augmented the tangled bases for the 2001 terrorist attack. Scott shows how America's expansion into the world since World War II has led to momentous secret decision making at high levels. He demonstrates how these decisions by small cliques are responsive to the agendas of private wealth at the expense of the public, of the democratic state, and of civil society. He shows how, in implementing these agendas, U.S. intelligence agencies have become involved with terrorist groups they once backed and helped create, including al Qaeda.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520258716
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
07/31/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
449
Sales rank:
562,997
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Preface. The America We Knew and Loved: Can It Be Saved?

1
Introduction: Wealth, Empire, Cabals, and the Public State
2 Nixon, Kissinger, and the Decline of the Public State
3 The Pivotal Presidency: Ford, Rumsfeld, and Cheney
4 Brzezinski, Oil, and Afghanistan
5 Carter’s Surrender to the Rockefellers on Iran
6 Casey, the Republican Countersurprise, and the Bank of Credit and Commerce
International, 1980
7 Afghanistan and the Origins of al Qaeda
8 Al-Kifah, al Qaeda, and the U.S. Government, 1988–98
9 The Pre-9/11 Cover-up of Ali Mohamed and al Qaeda
10 Al Qaeda and the U.S. Establishment
11 Parallel Structures and Plans for Continuity of Government
12 The 9/11 Commission Report and Vice President Cheney
13 The 9/11 Commission Report and Cheney’s Deceptions about 9/11
14 Cheney, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and Continuity of Government
15 Conclusion: 9/11 and the Future of America

Notes
Glossary of Open Politics
Bibliography

Index

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The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 4 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
We were attacked because we like israels existance.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Guest More than 1 year ago
The American author Peter Dale Scott shows how the richest 1% control key covert parts of the US state, including the Pentagon and the CIA. The private power of this military-financial complex has been secretly growing ever since President Truman founded the CIA. The US state serves the class interests of Wall Street¿s owners, not the national interest. The US state is becoming more repressive: in 1970, 31% of California¿s budget went to higher education and 4% to prisons, by 2005, 12% and 20% respectively. Scott shows how the US state built up fundamentalist Islam. From the 1950s, the CIA, allied with MI6, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, used the mullahs and the Muslim Brotherhood against secular nationalism across the Middle East. Later the CIA outsourced its operations to MI6, the Bank of Credit and Commerce International, the Saudis, the Shah, the French intelligence service, Egypt and Morocco. In Latin America, the US state backed the fascist Operation Condor run by the military dictatorships of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay, funded by South Korea, Taiwan and Saudi Arabia. Scott describes how the US and British states have fomented wars across Asia. From 1986, the CIA, MI6 and Pakistan¿s intelligence service launched guerrilla attacks from Afghanistan into Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. In 1988 the US and Pakistani states promised to end military aid to the mujehadin when Soviet forces left Afghanistan Thatcher and Bush ensured that they broke that promise. Scott shows how the drive for oil determines much of US foreign policy. For example, in 1997, the Wall Street Journal stated, ¿The Taliban are the players most capable of achieving peace. Moreover, they are crucial to secure the country as a prime trans-shipment route for the export of Central Asia¿s vast oil, gas and other natural resources.¿ In sum, Scott shows how the US state is not a force for peace and progress, as Gordon Brown fondly believes, but backs war and reaction. Its ruling class wants to continue their disastrous attacks on Iraq and Afghanistan: it believes what Kissinger said in 2005, ¿Victory over the insurgency is the only meaningful exit strategy.¿