The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America / Edition 1

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This is an ambitious, meticulous examination of how U.S. foreign policy since the 1960s has led to partial or total cover-ups of past domestic criminal acts, including, perhaps, the catastrophe of 9/11. Peter Dale Scott, whose previous books have investigated CIA involvement in southeast Asia, the drug wars, and the Kennedy assassination, here probes how the policies of presidents since Nixon have augmented the tangled bases for the 2001 terrorist attack. Scott shows how America's expansion into the world since World War II has led to momentous secret decision making at high levels. He demonstrates how these decisions by small cliques are responsive to the agendas of private wealth at the expense of the public, of the democratic state, and of civil society. He shows how, in implementing these agendas, U.S. intelligence agencies have become involved with terrorist groups they once backed and helped create, including al Qaeda.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780520258716
  • Publisher: University of California Press
  • Publication date: 7/31/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 449
  • Sales rank: 1,067,638
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter Dale Scott is Professor Emeritus of English at the University of California, Berkeley, and is the author of Cocaine Politics: Drugs, Armies, and the CIA in Central America (1993) and Deep Politics and the Death of JFK (1996), both from UC Press.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments     ix
Preface: The America We Knew and Loved: Can It Be Saved?     xi
Introduction: Wealth, Empire, Cabals, and the Public State     1
Nixon, Kissinger, and the Decline of the Public State     26
The Pivotal Presidency: Ford, Rumsfeld, and Cheney     50
Brzezinski, Oil, and Afghanistan     65
Carter's Surrender to the Rockefellers on Iran     80
Casey, the Republican Countersurprise, and the Bank of Credit and Commerce International, 1980     93
Afghanistan and the Origins of al Qaeda     114
The Al-Kifah Center, al Qaeda, and the U.S. Government, 1988-98     138
The Pre-9/11 Cover-up of Ali Mohamed and al Qaeda     151
Al Qaeda and the U.S. Establishment     161
Parallel Structures and Plans for Continuity of Government     180
The 9/11 Commission Report and Vice President Cheney     194
The 9/11 Commission Report's and Cheney's Deceptions about 9/11     212
Cheney, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and Continuity of Government     236
Conclusion: 9/11 and the Future of America     246
Glossary of Open Politics     267
Notes     273
Bibliography     391
Index     405
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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 17, 2008

    Very useful study of the US state

    The American author Peter Dale Scott shows how the richest 1% control key covert parts of the US state, including the Pentagon and the CIA. The private power of this military-financial complex has been secretly growing ever since President Truman founded the CIA. The US state serves the class interests of Wall Street¿s owners, not the national interest. The US state is becoming more repressive: in 1970, 31% of California¿s budget went to higher education and 4% to prisons, by 2005, 12% and 20% respectively. Scott shows how the US state built up fundamentalist Islam. From the 1950s, the CIA, allied with MI6, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, used the mullahs and the Muslim Brotherhood against secular nationalism across the Middle East. Later the CIA outsourced its operations to MI6, the Bank of Credit and Commerce International, the Saudis, the Shah, the French intelligence service, Egypt and Morocco. In Latin America, the US state backed the fascist Operation Condor run by the military dictatorships of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay, funded by South Korea, Taiwan and Saudi Arabia. Scott describes how the US and British states have fomented wars across Asia. From 1986, the CIA, MI6 and Pakistan¿s intelligence service launched guerrilla attacks from Afghanistan into Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. In 1988 the US and Pakistani states promised to end military aid to the mujehadin when Soviet forces left Afghanistan Thatcher and Bush ensured that they broke that promise. Scott shows how the drive for oil determines much of US foreign policy. For example, in 1997, the Wall Street Journal stated, ¿The Taliban are the players most capable of achieving peace. Moreover, they are crucial to secure the country as a prime trans-shipment route for the export of Central Asia¿s vast oil, gas and other natural resources.¿ In sum, Scott shows how the US state is not a force for peace and progress, as Gordon Brown fondly believes, but backs war and reaction. Its ruling class wants to continue their disastrous attacks on Iraq and Afghanistan: it believes what Kissinger said in 2005, ¿Victory over the insurgency is the only meaningful exit strategy.¿

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    Posted November 9, 2009

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    Posted September 11, 2010

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