The Romanian Battlefront in World War I

Overview


Despite a strategically vulnerable position, an ill-prepared army, and questionable promises of military support from the Allied Powers, Romania intervened in World War I in August 1916. In return, it received the Allies' formal sanction for the annexation of the Romanian-inhabited regions of Austria-Hungary. As Glenn Torrey reveals in his pathbreaking study, this soon appeared to have been an impulsive and risky decision for both parties.

Torrey details how, by the end of ...

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The Romanian Battlefront in World War I

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Overview


Despite a strategically vulnerable position, an ill-prepared army, and questionable promises of military support from the Allied Powers, Romania intervened in World War I in August 1916. In return, it received the Allies' formal sanction for the annexation of the Romanian-inhabited regions of Austria-Hungary. As Glenn Torrey reveals in his pathbreaking study, this soon appeared to have been an impulsive and risky decision for both parties.

Torrey details how, by the end of 1916, the armies of the Central Powers, led by German generals Falkenhayn and Mackensen, had administered a crushing defeat and occupied two-thirds of Romanian territory, but at the cost of diverting substantial military forces they needed on other fronts. The Allies, especially the Russians, were forced to do likewise in order to prevent Romania from collapsing completely.

Torrey presents the most authoritative account yet of the heavy fighting during the 1916 campaign and of the renewed attempt by Austro-German forces, including the elite Alpine Corps, to subdue the Romanian Army in the summer of 1917. This latter campaign, highlighted here but ignored in non-Romanian accounts, witnessed reorganized and rearmed Romanian soldiers, with help from a disintegrating Russian Army, administer a stunning defeat of their enemies. However, as Torrey also shows, amidst the chaos of the Russian Revolution the Central Powers forced Romania to sign a separate peace early in 1918. Ultimately, this allowed the Romanian Army to reenter the war and occupy the majority of the territory promised in 1916.

Torrey's unparalleled familiarity with archival and secondary sources and his long experience with the subject give authority and balance to his account of the military, strategic, diplomatic, and political events on both sides of the battlefront. In addition, his use of personal memoirs provides vivid insights into the human side of the war. Major military leaders in the Second World War, especially Ion Antonescu and Erwin Rommel, made their careers during the First World War and play a prominent role in his book.

Torrey's study fosters a genuinely new appreciation and understanding of a long-neglected aspect of World War I that influenced not only the war itself but the peace settlement that followed and, in fact, continues today.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"A masterful account of its subject, one that presents decades of research in a clear and absorbing narrative. . . . Likely will stand as the definitive account of the war in Romania for decades to come."—Army History
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780700620173
  • Publisher: University Press of Kansas
  • Publication date: 8/1/2014
  • Series: Modern War Studies
  • Pages: 442
  • Sales rank: 782,916
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author


Glenn E. Torrey is professor of history emeritus at Emporia State University and author of Henri Mathias Berthelot: Soldier of France, Defender of Romania; Romania and World War I: A Collection of Studies; and The Revolutionary Russian Army and Romania, 1917.
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Table of Contents


List of Illustrations

Preface

List of Abbreviations

1. The Road to War, 1914-1916

2. The Romanian Army and War Plan

3. On the Eve of War

4. The Invasion of Transylvania

5. The War Opens on the Dobrogean Front

6. The Flamanda Maneuver

7. The Austro-German Counteroffensive in Transylvania

8. Battles on the Frontiers

9. The Battle for Wallachia

10. Retreat to Moldavia

11. Reconstructing the Romanian Army: January-June 1917

12. The Russo-Romanian Offensive: Marasti, July 1917

13. The Austro-German Offensive: Marasesti, August 1917

15. Between War and Peace: September 1917-January 1918

16. Bessarabia and the Peace of Buftea: January-March 1918

17. Peace, Demobilization, Reentry: March-November 1918

Epilogue

In Conclusion

Notes

Selected List of Sources

Index

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