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The Roots of Goodness and Resistance to Evil: Inclusive Caring, Moral Courage, Altruism Born of Suffering, Active Bystandership, and Heroism
     

The Roots of Goodness and Resistance to Evil: Inclusive Caring, Moral Courage, Altruism Born of Suffering, Active Bystandership, and Heroism

by Ervin Staub
 

ISBN-10: 019060798X

ISBN-13: 9780190607982

Pub. Date: 04/01/2016

Publisher: Oxford University Press


In The Roots of Goodness and Resistance to Evil, Ervin Staub draws on his extensive experience in scholarship and intervention in real-world settings to illuminate the socializing experiences, education, and training that lead children and adults to become caring people and active bystanders who help others, and act to prevent violence and create caring

Overview


In The Roots of Goodness and Resistance to Evil, Ervin Staub draws on his extensive experience in scholarship and intervention in real-world settings to illuminate the socializing experiences, education, and training that lead children and adults to become caring people and active bystanders who help others, and act to prevent violence and create caring societies. The book offers an excellent balance of Staub's important and influential recent articles and essays in the field and newly written chapters. It explores why we should help and not harm others. It offers wide-ranging examples and research about the roots of everyday helping and heroism, rescue in the Holocaust and elsewhere, overcoming trauma to become altruists, reconciliation in Rwanda and other ways of resisting evil, and more.

Staub engages with ways to promote active bystandership in the service of preventing violence, helping people to heal from violence, and building caring societies. He explores the range of experiences that lead to active bystandership, including socialization by parents, teachers (and peers) in childhood, education, experiential learning, and public education through media. He examines what personal characteristics or dispositions result from such experiences, which in turn lead to caring and helping. Staub also considers how circumstances influence people--both individuals and whole groups--and how they join with personal dispositions to determine whether people remain passive in the face of others' need or instead help others and behave in morally courageous or even heroic ways. He considers how moral and caring values can be subverted by circumstances, and outlines ways to resist that possiblity. He also considers how past victimization and the resulting psychological woundedness, which can lead to "defensive violence" or hostility toward people and the world, may be transformed by other experiences, leading to "altruism born of suffering." The book draws on research and theory as well as work in applied settings. Ultimately this book will help readers explore how we can turn ourselves into active, helpful people and what we need to do to create peaceful and caring societies.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780190607982
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
04/01/2016
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
410
Sales rank:
1,339,844
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface. Why Have I Been Studying Goodness (and Evil and its Prevention)?

Chapter 1. Introduction, Examples, and Overview of the Book

Chapter 2. Why We Should Help and Not Harm Others

Chapter 3. Inclusive Caring, Moral Courage, Altruism Born of Suffering, and Active Bystandership: Their Roots in Socialization and Experience

Chapter 4. Basic Psychological Needs, Caring and Violence, and Optimal Human Functioning

Chapter 5. Learning by Doing: The Evolution of Helping and Caring (and of Violence) through One's Own Actions

Chapter 6. Passivity: Bystanders to Genocide

Chapter 7. The Psychology of Rescue: Perpetrators, Bystanders, and Heroic Helpers

Chapter 8. Psychology and Morality in Genocide and Violent Conflict: Perpetrators, Passive Bystanders, and Rescuers

Chapter 9. Helping Psychologically Wounded Children Heal

Chapter 10. Altruism Born of Suffering: The Roots of Caring and Helping after Victimization and Other Trauma

Chapter 11. The Heroism of Survivors: Survivors Saving Themselves and the Impact on Their Lives

Chapter 12. Heroes and Other Committed Individuals

Chapter 13. How Can We Become Good Bystanders in Response to Needs around Us and in the World?

Chapter 14. Understanding Police Violence and Active Bystandership in Preventing It

Chapter 15. Many Children are Happy in School, Others are Bullied, Some Excluded; Active Bystandership Helps

Chapter 16. Training Active Bystanders in Schools and Other Settings

Chapter 17. Educational Experiences (Trainings) as Routes to Helping, Non-aggression, Active Bystandership,
and Heroism

Chapter 18. Advancing Healing and Reconciliation

Chapter 19. Public Education to Promote Active Bystandership for Resisting Violence, for Reconciliation, and for Peace: Musekeweya, an Educational Radio Drama in Rwanda, and Its Extensions

Chapter 20. Preventing Violence and Terrorism and Promoting Positive Relations between Dutch and Muslim Communities in Amsterdam

Chapter 21. The Impact of the Staub Model on Policy Making in Amsterdam Regarding Polarization and Radicalization

Chapter 22. The Roots of Helping, Heroic Rescue, and Resistance to and the Prevention of Mass Violence: Active Bystandership in Extreme Times and in Building Peaceful Societies

Chapter 23. Moral Courage and Heroism Revisited

Chapter 24. Nonviolence as a Way to Address Injustice and Group Conflict

Chapter 25. An Unassuming Hero

Chapter 26. Bystandership: One Can Make a Difference; An Interview with Ervin Staub (2012)

Chapter 27. Summary Tables on the Origins of Active Bystandership, Heroism, and Moral Courage

Chapter 28. Creating Caring Societies: Values, Culture, Institutions

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