The Routledge Companion to Ethics

Overview

The Routledge Companion to Ethics is an outstanding survey of the whole field of ethics by a distinguished international team of contributors. Over 60 chapters are divided into six clear sections:


  • the history of ethics
  • meta-ethics
  • perspectives from outside ethics
  • ...
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Overview

The Routledge Companion to Ethics is an outstanding survey of the whole field of ethics by a distinguished international team of contributors. Over 60 chapters are divided into six clear sections:


  • the history of ethics
  • meta-ethics
  • perspectives from outside ethics
  • ethical perspectives
  • morality
  • debates in ethics.

The Companion opens with a comprehensive historical overview of ethics, including chapters on Plato, Aristotle, Hume, and Kant, and ethical thinking in China, India and the Arabic tradition. The second part covers the domain of meta-ethics. The third part covers important challenges to ethics from the fields of anthropology, psychology, sociobiology and economics. The fourth and fifth sections cover competing theories of ethics and the nature of morality respectively, with entries on consequentialism, Kantian morality, virtue ethics, relativism, evil, and responsibility amongst many others. A comprehensive final section includes the most important topics and controversies in applied ethics, such as rights, justice and distribution, the end of life, the environment, poverty, war and terrorism.

The Routledge Companion to Ethics is a superb resource for anyone interested in the subject, whether in philosophy or related disciplines such as politics, education, or law. Fully indexed and cross-referenced, with helpful further reading sections at the end of each chapter, it is ideal for those coming to the field of ethics for the first time as well as readers already familiar with the subject.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

'This fine collection merits a place in every university, college, and high school library for its invaluable articles covering a very broad range of topics in ethics[.] ... With its remarkable clarity of writing and its very highly qualified contributors, this volume is must reading for anyone interested in the latest developments in these important areas of thought and practice. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-level undergraduates and above.' - CHOICE

The Routledge Companion to Ethics is a great resource for students interested in ethics and will also make a first-rate reference volume for philosophers working in ethics. It covers an impressive range of topics, going well beyond entries on standard normative ethical theories and metaethical approaches to normativity. The history of ethics is particularly well represented and this volume is sure to set a very high standard for future collections.’ – Julia Driver, Washington University in St. Louis, USA

‘Written by leaders in the field, and with depth as well as breadth, this is the ideal companion for anyone with an interest in philosophical ethics’ – Roger Crisp, St. Anne’s College, Oxford

'This marvellous book covers theoretical and practical aspects of ethics with admirable intelligence and freshness. As useful as it is enjoyable, it is sure to become an indispensible companion.' - Samantha Vice, Rhodes University, South Africa

'This volume amply satisfies its remarkably ambitious objectives. Its coverage of the field of ethics is as broad as feasible, while its in-depth discussions of various topics within that field are characteristically incisive, informative, and at the cutting edge of contemporary thinking.' - Richard Joyce, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

'This excellent volume is impressive both for the breadth of its coverage and the overall very high quality of the contributions. Non-specialists will find that most pieces provide an excellent map, along with in-depth discussion of the major positions taken on the subject; specialists will find plenty of interest, as well. An excellent read.' - Marcia Baron, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of illustrations

Notes on contributors

Preface

Part I History 1

1 Ethical thought in China Yang Xiao Yang, Xiao 3

2 Ethical thought in India Stephen R. L. Clark Clark, Stephen R. L. 21

3 Socrates and Plato Richard Kraut Kraut, Richard 31

4 Aristotle Christopher Taylor Taylor, Christopher 41

5 Later ancient ethics A. A. Long Long, A. A. 52

6 The Arabic tradition Peter Adamson Adamson, Peter 63

7 Early modern natural law Knud Haakonssen Haakonssen, Knud 76

8 Hobbes Bernard Gert Gert, Bernard 88

9 Ethics and reason Michael Lebuffe Lebuffe, Michael 99

10 Ethics and sentiment: Shaftesbury and Hutcheson Michael B. Gill Gill, Michael B. 111

11 Hume James A. Harris Harris, James A. 122

12 Adam Smith Craig Smith Smith, Craig 133

13 Utilitarianism to Bentham Frederick Rosen Rosen, Frederick 144

14 Kant Thomas E. Hill Jr. Hill, Thomas E., Jr. 156

15 Hegel Kenneth R. Westphal Westphal, Kenneth R. 168

16 John Stuart Mill Henry West West, Henry 181

17 Sidgwick, Green, and Bradley T. H. Irwin Irwin, T. H. 192

18 Nietzsche Maudemarie Clark Clark, Maudemarie 204

19 Pragmatist moral philosophy Alan J. Ryan Ryan, Alan J. 217

20 Existentialism Jonathan Webber Webber, Jonathan 230

21 Heidegger Stephen Mulhall Mulhall, Stephen 241

Part II Meta-ethics 251

22 Ethics, science, and religion Simon Blackburn Blackburn, Simon 253

23 Freedom and responsibility Randolph Clarke Clarke, Randolph 263

24 Reasons for action Robert Audi Audi, Robert 275

25 The open question argument Thomas Baldwin Baldwin, Thomas 286

26 Realism and its alternatives Peter Railton Railton, Peter 297

27 Non-cognitivism Alexander Miller Miller, Alexander 321

28 Error theory and fictionalism Nadeem J. Z. Hussain Hussain, Nadeem J. Z. 335

29 Cognitivism without realism Andrew Fisher Fisher, Andrew 346

30 Relativism Nicholas L. Sturgeon Sturgeon, Nicholas L. 356

Part III Ideas and methods from outside ethics 367

31 Social anthropology James Laidlaw Laidlaw, James 369

32 Ethics and psychology Jesse Prinz Prinz, Jesse 384

33 Biology Michael Ruse Ruse, Michael 397

34 Formal methods in ethics Erik Carlson Carlson, Erik 408

35 Ethics and law John Gardner Gardner, John 420

Part IV Perspectives in ethics 431

36 Reasons, values, and morality Simon Robertson Robertson, Simon 433

37 Consequentialism Brad Hooker Hooker, Brad 444

38 Contemporary Kantian ethics Andrews Reath Reath, Andrews 456

39 Ethical intuitionism Philip Stratton Lake Lake, Philip Stratton 467

40 Virtue ethics Michael Slote Slote, Michael 478

41 Contractualism Rahul Kumar Kumar, Rahul 490

42 Contemporary natural law theory Anthony J. Lisska Lisska, Anthony J. 501

43 Feminist ethics Samantha Brennan Brennan, Samantha 514

44 Ethics and aesthetics Robert Stecker Stecker, Robert 525

Part V Morality 537

45 Morality and its critics Stephen Dar Wall Wall, Stephen Dar 539

46 Conscience John Skorupski Skorupski, John 550

47 Respect and recognition Allen W. Wood Wood, Allen W. 562

48 Blame, remorse, mercy, forgiveness Christopher Bennett Bennett, Christopher 573

49 Evil Geoffrey Scarre Scarre, Geoffrey 584

50 Responsibility: Intention and consequence Suzanne Uniacke Uniacke, Suzanne 596

51 Responsibility: Act and omission Michael J. Zimmerman Zimmerman, Michael J. 607

52 Partiality and impartiality John Cottingham Cottingham, John 617

53 Moral particularism Sean McKeever McKeever, Sean 628

Part VI Debates in ethics 641

i Goals and ideals

54 Welfare Christopher Heathwood Heathwood, Christopher 645

55 Ideals of perfection Vinit Haksar Haksar, Vinit 656

ii Justice

56 Rights Tom Campbell Campbell, Tom 669

57 Justice and punishment John Tasioulas Tasioulas, John 680

58 Justice and distribution Matthew Clayton Clayton, Matthew 692

iii Human life

59 Life, death, and ethics Fred Feldman Feldman, Fred 707

60 Ending life R. G. Frey Frey, R. G. 720

iv Our world

61 Population ethics Tim Mulgan Mulgan, Tim 731

62 Animals Alan Carter Carter, Alan 742

63 The environment Norva Y. S. Lo Lo, Norva Y. S. 754

v Current issues

64 The ethics of free speech Mary Kate McGowan McGowan, Mary Kate 769

65 The ethics of research Tony Hope Hope, Tony 781

66 World poverty Thomas Pogge Pogge, Thomas 796

67 War Henry Shue Shue, Henry 808

68 Torture and terrorism David Rodin Rodin, David 820

Index 832

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