The Rules of Golf in Plain English, Third Edition [NOOK Book]

Overview

"The cry for the simplification of the Rules of Golf is a stock-in-trade of the journalist during the winter months. Countless words on the subject have been poured out to an ever-tolerant public, but still the long-sought simplification does not come."—Henry Longhurst, 1937

The hopes of renowned writer and golfer Henry Longhurst—and millions of golfers before and after him—have finally been realized. In The Rules of Golf in Plain ...
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The Rules of Golf in Plain English, Third Edition

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Overview

"The cry for the simplification of the Rules of Golf is a stock-in-trade of the journalist during the winter months. Countless words on the subject have been poured out to an ever-tolerant public, but still the long-sought simplification does not come."—Henry Longhurst, 1937

The hopes of renowned writer and golfer Henry Longhurst—and millions of golfers before and after him—have finally been realized. In The Rules of Golf in Plain English, Bryan A. Garner, American English language and usage expert, and Jeffrey S. Kuhn, volunteer USGA rules official, have translated the knotty Rules with the encouragement and permission of the United States Golf Association. The result is a modern, readable version that offers, for the first time, clear guidance to both amateurs and professionals.

Based on a 338-word set of thirteen rules written in 1744, the official Rules have grown, over two and a half centuries, to 40,000 words. Numerous contributors and a complex revision process have rendered these Rules so opaque and stylistically inconsistent that a companion volume—the 600-page Decisions on the Rules of Golf—has been published to help golfers navigate them.

Both lawyers and avid golfers, Kuhn and Garner recognized the difficulties that the language of the Rules of Golf created, especially in a sport that expects players to call penalties on themselves. By reworking the Rules line by line, word by word, they have produced an accessible resource that no golfer—from the duffer to the pro—should be without.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226458229
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 4/2/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 184
  • Sales rank: 256,585
  • File size: 366 KB

Meet the Author

Jeffrey S. Kuhn is a lawyer and a volunteer USGA rules official. He has achieved the highest rating at PGA/USGA rules workshops and has officiated at U.S. Opens, U.S. Amateurs, and numerous other USGA championships. Bryan A. Garner is the author of several bestselling books, including Garner’s Modern American Usage and Legal Writing in Plain English, the latter published by the University of Chicago Press. He is also the editor-in-chief of Black’s Law Dictionary.
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Read an Excerpt

THE RULES OF GOLF IN PLAIN ENGLISH


By Jeffrey S. Kuhn Bryan A. Garner

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS

Copyright © 2012 Jeffrey S. Kuhn and Bryan A. Garner
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-0-226-45821-2


Chapter One

RULE 1. The Game

1.0 DEFINED TERMS. This rule contains the following defined terms:

• ball in play (35.4);

• caddie (35.7);

• Committee (35.11);

• course (35.13);

• fellow-competitor (35.12(b));

• hole (35.22);

• outside agency (35.36);

• rule (35.42); and

• teeing ground (35.50).

1.1 DESCRIPTION. Golf consists of playing a ball from the teeing ground into the hole according to the rules.

1.2 PRIMARY RULES (A) Nothing to Affect a Ball in Play. Neither you nor your caddie may do anything that intentionally affects the position or movement of any ball in play, except as the rules say otherwise.

(B) Nothing to Affect Physical Conditions. You must play the course as you find it, without modifying it, unless the rules say otherwise. Actions relating solely to course care do not violate this rule.

(C) Penalty and Procedures. If you violate this Rule 1.2, you lose the hole in match play or receive a two-stroke penalty in stroke play. In stroke play, if you affect your ball's movement, you must play the ball from where it has stopped or come to rest after the movement. If your ball's movement was intentionally altered by a fellow-competitor or another outside agency, Rule 1.4 applies to you and the procedures in Rule 19.1(c) apply.

(D) Serious Violation and Disqualification. If you or your caddie's conduct violating this rule allows you or another player to gain a significant advantage or places another player (other than your partner) at a significant disadvantage, the Committee may disqualify you.

1.3 NO AGREEMENT TO IGNORE RULES. You cannot agree with anyone to ignore a rule or penalty. If you do this, you're disqualified.

1.4 ISSUES NOT COVERED BY RULES. If any issue is not specifically covered by the rules, the Committee will make a decision based on fairness. See also Rule 34.3.

RULE 2. Match Play

2.0 DEFINED TERMS. This rule contains the following defined terms:

• caddie (35.7);

• Committee (35.11);

• handicap (35.20);

• hole (35.22);

• hole out (35.23);

• opponent (35.34);

• partner (35.37);

• penalty stroke (35.38);

• putting green (35.40);

• rule (35.42);

• side (35.44);

• stipulated round (35.46);

• stroke (35.47); and

• teeing ground (35.50).

2.1 SCORING AND WINNING THE MATCH

(A) Scoring by Holes. In match play, one side plays against another. The game is scored by holes. You win a hole by completing it in fewer strokes than your opponent. In a handicap match, the lower net score wins the hole. A hole is "halved" if you tie your opponent.

(B) Determining the Winner. You win a match if you lead by more holes than the number of holes remaining to be played. To determine the winner of a tie, the Committee may extend the stipulated round.

(C) Match-Play Terminology. Scoring in match play uses these terms: one side may be so many "holes up" or the sides may be "all square" with so many holes "to play." You are "dormie" when you are as many holes up as there are holes remaining.

2.2 PENALTIES

(A) Generally. The general penalty for violating a rule in match play is loss of hole-except as the rules say otherwise (see the Penalty Summary Chart in Appendix 1).

(B) After Holing Out. If you receive a penalty after you've holed out and your opponent has been left with a stroke for the half, the hole is halved.

2.3 CONCESSION. When your opponent's ball is at rest, you may concede the next stroke, and your opponent will be considered to have holed out. You may concede a hole or a match at any time before it's over. Once a stroke, hole, or match is conceded, the concession can't be declined or withdrawn.

2.4 CLAIMS

(A) Making a Claim. If you believe that your opponent has violated the rules, you may make a claim by indicating that you want to apply the Rules of Golf. As long as there is no agreement to ignore the rules (see Rule 1.3), you may disregard an opponent's rules violation.

(B) Procedures and Decisions (1) Specificity and Timeliness. For a claim to be considered by the Committee, you must notify your opponent that you are making a claim or requesting a ruling, and state the specific facts of the situation. You must make the claim before any player in the match plays from the next teeing ground—or, in the case of the last hole of the match, before all players in the match leave the putting green. If you discover facts giving rise to a claim after all the players in the match have left the final putting green, you may make a claim anytime before the match's result is officially announced.

(2) Promptness of Decision. If you make a claim against your opponent, the Committee should make a decision as soon as possible so that the status of the match will be certain.

(3) Continuing Play When Committee Unavailable. If a doubt or dispute arises between the players when no authorized Committee representative is available within a reasonable time, the players must continue the match without delay and await a decision. In match play, when you are doubtful of your rights or procedures, you cannot complete the hole with two balls.

(4) Late Claims. A late claim is governed by Rule 34.1(a)(2) (dealing with claims in match play).

2.5 INFORMATION ABOUT STROKES TAKEN

(a) Asking and Telling About Strokes Taken

(1) Asking. During or after the play of a hole, you may ask a player—or the player's caddie or partner—the number of strokes that player has taken for the hole, and that player must respond timely (see Rule 2.5(b)(1)).

(2) Disclosing a Penalty. If you've received a penalty, you must tell your opponent as soon as practicable, unless you're obviously proceeding under a rule involving a penalty and your opponent has seen this.

(3) Not Disclosing a Penalty. If you don't tell your opponent about a penalty, you're considered to have given wrong information, even if you're not aware that you've received the penalty. You're responsible for knowing the rules.

(B) Penalty for Giving Wrong Information (1) While Playing a Hole. If you give or are considered to have given wrong information about the number of strokes taken during the play of the hole, there is no penalty if you correct the mistake before your opponent makes the next stroke. If you don't correct the wrong information, you lose the hole if your opponent makes a valid claim.

(2) After Completing a Hole. If you give or are considered to have given wrong information about the number of strokes you've taken on the hole just completed and this affects your opponent's understanding of the result of the hole, there is no penalty if you correct your mistake before any player plays from the next teeing ground—or, in the case of the last hole of the match, before all players leave the putting green. If you don't correct the wrong information, you lose the previous hole if your opponent makes a valid claim.

RULE 3. Stroke Play

3.0 DEFINED TERMS. This rule contains the following defined terms:

• Committee (35.11);

• competitor (35.12);

• handicap (35.20);

• hole (35.22);

• hole out (35.23);

• penalty stroke (35.38);

• provisional ball (35.39);

• putting green (35.40);

• rule (35.42);

• scorer (35.43);

• stipulated round (35.46);

• stroke (35.47); and

• teeing ground (35.50).

3.1 SCORING

(A) Determining Winner. The competitor who plays the stipulated number of rounds in the fewest strokes wins. In a handicap competition, the competitor with the lowest net score for the stipulated rounds wins.

(B) Penalties. If you incur a penalty, you should inform your scorer and include those penalty strokes in your total.

3.2 PENALTIES

(A) General. The general penalty for breaching a rule in stroke play is two strokes, except as the rules say otherwise (see the Penalty Summary Chart in Appendix 1).

(B) Refusal to Comply. If you refuse to comply with a rule and your doing so affects another competitor's rights, you're disqualified.

3.3 FAILING TO HOLE OUT. If you don't hole out on a hole and fail to correct your mistake before making a stroke from the next teeing ground—or, in the case of the last hole of the round, before you leave the putting green—you're disqualified.

3.4 PLAYER'S DOUBT ABOUT PROCEDURES

(A) Second-Ball Procedures (1) In stroke play, if you're doubtful about your rights or about the correct procedure during the play of a hole, you may play a second ball without penalty.

(2) Before taking any other action, you must declare your decision to use this rule and the ball you prefer to score with, rules permitting.

(3) You may play either ball first.

(4) A second ball played under this rule isn't considered a provisional ball under Rule 27.2.

(B) Determining Score When Second Ball Is Played (1) You must report the facts to the Committee before returning your scorecard. If you don't do this, you're disqualified.

(2) If the rules allow the procedure you selected, the score with the selected ball is your score for the hole, even if that score is higher.

(3) If you don't declare in advance the use of this rule or your selection, the score with the original ball will count. If the original ball is not one of the balls being played, the first ball put into play according to the rules will count.

(4) Strokes and penalty strokes incurred solely with the ball ruled not to count are disregarded.

RULE 4. Clubs

4.0 DEFINED TERMS. This rule contains the following defined terms:

• club unfit for play (35.10);

• Committee (35.11);

• course (35.13);

• fellow-competitor (35.12(b));

• hole (35.22);

• partner (35.37);

• rule (35.42);

• stipulated round (35.46).

• stroke (35.47); and

4.1 ORIGINAL DESIGN AND CHANGES

(A) General. Your clubs must conform to the rules and the specifications in Appendix 2 of the official Rules of Golf published by the USGA. In a given competition, the Committee may require that your clubs be on the USGA list of conforming driver heads and iron grooves.

(B) No Change in Playing Characteristics. During a stipulated round, you must not purposely change the playing characteristics of a club.

(C) No Foreign Material. You must not put anything on the clubface to affect the ball's movement.

(D) Wear and Alteration. A club that conforms when new remains conforming after it wears through normal use.

(E) Penalty

(1) Stroke Made. If you make a stroke with a club that violates this Rule 4.1, you're disqualified.

(2) Stroke Not Made. During the stipulated round, if you carry a club that violates this Rule 4.1 but do not make a stroke with it, the following penalties apply:

(a) Match Play: After the hole where the violation is discovered, the score of the match is changed by deducting one hole for every hole where you violated this rule—up to a maximum of two holes per round.

(b) Stroke Play: You receive a two-stroke penalty for the first two holes where you violated this rule—up to a maximum of four strokes per round.

(c) Par and Bogey Competitions: See Rule 32.1(A)(2).

(d) Stableford Competition: See Rule 32.1(B)(2).

(e) Violation Discovered Between Holes: The penalty applies to the next hole.

(3) Declaring Club Out of Play. Any club carried in violation of this Rule must immediately be declared out of play to your opponent or fellow-competitor. If you don't do this, you're disqualified.

4.2 DAMAGED CLUBS: ALLOWABLE REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT

(A) Damage Before Round

(1) General Rule. You may use a club that has been damaged before a round only if the damaged club still conforms to the rules. Damage that occurred before the round may be repaired during the round if the playing characteristics aren't changed and play isn't delayed excessively.

(2) Penalty. If you violate this Rule 4.2(a), the penalties in Rule 4.1 apply.

(B) Damage in Normal Course of Play

(1) General Rule. If, during a stipulated round, your club is damaged in the normal course of play, you may:

(a) use the club for the rest of the stipulated round;

(b) repair the club as long as doing so does not delay play excessively; or

(c) replace the damaged club with any club, but only if four conditions are met: the club must be unfit for play; the replacement club must not have been selected for play by someone else playing the course; replacement must not delay play excessively; and the replacement club cannot be made by assembling components carried by or for you during the stipulated round.

(2) Penalty. If you violate this Rule 4.2(b), the penalties in Rule 4.3(c) apply.

(c) Damage Other Than in Normal Course of Play

(1) General Rule. During a stipulated round, if damage occurs other than in the normal course of play (as when a club is damaged in anger) and changes a club's playing characteristics or makes it nonconforming, the club must not be used or replaced during the round.

(2) Penalty. If you violate this Rule 4.2(c), you're disqualified.

4.3 FOURTEEN-CLUB MAXIMUM

(A) Selecting and Adding Clubs. You're limited to fourteen clubs when starting a stipulated round—and to the clubs you've selected for that round. If you started with fewer than fourteen clubs, you may add clubs during the stipulated round, but you must not exceed fourteen. When adding clubs, you must not delay play excessively, borrow any club selected for play by anyone else playing the course, or assemble club components carried by or for you during the stipulated round.

(B) Restrictions on Sharing Clubs. You may share clubs with your partner, but only if all the clubs that you and your partners carry, when added together, don't exceed fourteen.

(C) Penalty. If you violate Rule 4.3(a) or (b), the following penalties apply:

(1) Match Play: After the hole where the violation is discovered, the score of the match is changed by deducting one hole for every hole where you violated this rule—up to a maximum of two holes per round.

(2) Stroke Play: You receive a two-stroke penalty for the first two holes where you violated this rule—up to a maximum of four strokes per round.

(3) Par and Bogey Competitions: See Rule 32.1(A)(2).

(4) Stableford Competition: See Rule 32.1(B)(2).

(5) Violation Discovered Between Holes: The penalty applies to the previous hole

(D) Extra Clubs Declared out of Play. Any club carried or used in violation of Rules 4.3(A) or (B) must immediately be declared out of play and cannot then be used during the round. If you violate this Rule 4.3(D), you're disqualified.

RULE 5. The Ball

5.0 DEFINED TERMS. This rule contains the following defined terms:

• ball unfit for play (35.5);

• Committee (35.11);

• fellow-competitor (35.12(b)(c));

• hole (35.22);

• opponent (35.34);

• penalty stroke (35.38);

• scorer (35.43); and

• stroke (35.47).

5.1 GENERAL. Your ball must conform to the specifications in Appendix 3 of the official Rules of Golf published by the USGA. In a given competition, the Committee may require that your ball be on the USGA conforming-ball list.

(Continues...)



Excerpted from THE RULES OF GOLF IN PLAIN ENGLISH by Jeffrey S. Kuhn Bryan A. Garner Copyright © 2012 by Jeffrey S. Kuhn and Bryan A. Garner. Excerpted by permission of THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Rule 1 The Game
Rule 2 Match Play
Rule 3 Stroke Play
Rule 4 Clubs
Rule 5 The Ball
Rule 6 The Player’s Responsibilities
Rule 7 Practice
Rule 8 Advice and Indicating Line of Play
Rule 9 Information About Strokes Taken
Rule 10 Order of Play
Rule 11 Teeing Ground
Rule 12 Searching for and Identifying Ball
Rule 13 Playing the Ball as It Lies
Rule 14 Striking the Ball
Rule 15 Substituted Ball; Wrong Ball
Rule 16 The Putting Green
Rule 17 The Flagstick
Rule 18 Movement of Ball at Rest
Rule 19 Moving Ball Deflected or Stopped
Rule 20 Procedures for Lifting, Dropping and Placing; Playing from Wrong Place
Rule 21 Cleaning Ball
Rule 22 Ball Interfering With or Assisting Play
Rule 23 Loose Impediments
Rule 24 Interference and Relief from Obstructions
Rule 25 Interference and Relief from Abnormal Ground Conditions, Embedded Ball, or Wrong Putting Green
Rule 26 Water Hazards
Rule 27 Ball Lost or Out of Bounds; Provisional Ball
Rule 28 Unplayable Ball
Rule 29 Threesomes and Foursomes
Rule 30 Three-Ball, Best-Ball, and Four-Ball Match Play
Rule 31 Four-Ball Stroke Play
Rule 32 Bogey, Par, and Stableford Competitions
Rule 33 The Committee
Rule 34 Disputes and Decisions
Rule 35 Definitions
Appendix 1. Penalty Summary Chart
Appendix 2. Golf Etiquette
Index
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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 16, 2012

    Great Resource

    My husband wanted this in order to further understand the rules. It has been a big help, as one golfer in his foursome insists on obeying all the rules.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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