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RYRIE Study BibleEnglish Standard Version
By Charles Caldwell Ryrie
Moody PublishersCopyright © 2011 The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago
All right reserved.
Chapter OneINTRODUCTION TO Genesis
DATE: 1450-1410 B.C.
The English word genesis comes, by way of Latin, from the Greek title to this book. In Hebrew, the book was named from its first word, which means "in the beginning." Genesis means "origin" and thus is an apt title for a book that reveals the origins of all human history.
Genesis is the first book of a larger work, the first five books of the Old Testament, called the Pentateuch, the authorship of which has traditionally been ascribed to Moses. This is supported by the following considerations: (1) the Pentateuch itself affirms Moses as its author (Ex. 17:14: 24:4, 7: 34:27: Num. 33:1-2: Deut. 31:9): (2) other Old Testament books testify to the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch (Josh. 1:7-8: 8:32, 34; 22:5: I Kings 2:3; 2 Kings 14:6:21:8: Ezra 6:18: Dan. 9:11-13: Mal. 4:4); (3) the New Testament affirms the same (Matt. 19:8: Mark 12:26: John 5:46-47: 7:19: Rom. 10:5): (4) eyewitness details point to a participant being the author, not an editor who lived centuries later (Ex. 15:27: Num. 2:1-31; 11:7-8): (5) the author's information about Egyptian names, words, customs, and geography would have been difficult for an author or editor to have obtained in Canaan centuries after Moses' time (Gen. 13:10; 16: 1-3: 33:18: 41:43; cf. Acts 7:22).
The critical view of the authorship of the Pentateuch has passed through several stages. At first, Genesis was divided into two documents on the basis of the use of the two different names for God: Elohim and Yahweh. About 1875. Julius Wellhausen argued for four documents—named J, E, P, and 1)—from which the entire Pentateuch was compiled. I was written about 850 B.C. by an unknown writer in Judah; E was written about 750 B.C. by an unknown writer in the Northern Kingdom of Israel: D was composed by a high priest at the time of the revival under King Josiah in 621 B.C.; and P was composed from the time of Ezekiel to Ezra. Archaeological discoveries, however (many since World War l), have demonstrated the historical accuracy of the Pentateuch and have brought to light customs practiced in the second millennium B.C. that were not practiced in the first millennium B.C. How. then, would an author have known of these customs (e.g., the double portion going to the oldest son, the sale of a birthright, the validity of an oral will: cf. Gen. 48:17-20) unless he had lived during that earlier period?
Undoubtedly. Moses had both oral and written records of early history, which he used under the guidance of the Holy Spirit to write about events that antedated his own life. Naturally, someone else must have written the account of his death (Deut. 34).
Genesis is a real-life history of individual people, a fact that is emphasized by the 10 sections (following the prologue, 1:1-2:3)that usually begin "these are the generations of" (6:9: 10:1:11:10: l1:27; 25:12: 25:19: 36:1:37:2: cf. 2:4; 5:1). This thrust provides a natural unity to the book (cf. Luke 3:23-38).
Genesis is a book about the beginning of many things: the world, man, sin, civi1ization, the nations, and Israel.
Genesis also contains important theological themes: the doctrine of the living, personal God: the doctrine of man made in the image of God, then of sinful man; the anticipation of a Redeemer (3:15): and the covenant promises made to the nation Israel (12:1-3:15:18-21).
Genesis is a book unique among all Near Eastern literature and foundational to all the other books of the Bible.
Outline of Genesis
I. The Creation of the World, 1:1-2:25
A. The Beginning of Creation, 1:1-2
B. The Days of Creation. 1:3-2:3
C. The Beginnings of Man and Woman. 2:4-25
II. The Sin of Man, 3:1-24
A. The Temptation, 3:1-7
B. The Judgments, 3:8-24
III. The Beginnings of Civilization, 4:1-5:32
A. Cain and His Descendants. 4:1-24
B. Seth, 4:25 26
C. Adam to Noah. 5:1-32
IV. The History of Noah, 6:1-9:29
A. The Causes of the Flood, 6:1-13
B. The Course of the Flood, 6:14-8:19
C. The Events After the Flood. 8:20-9:29
V. The Descendants of Noah and the Tower of Babel, 10:1-11:26
A. The Sons of Japheth, 10:1-5
B. The Sons of Ham, 10:6-20
C. The Sons of Shem, 10:21-32
D. The Tower of Babel, 11:1-9
E. The Descendants of Shem, 11:10-26
VI. The History of Abraham, 11:27-25:11
A. The Family of Abram, 11:27-32
B. The Call of Abram, 12:1-20
C. The Separation of Abram and Lot, 13:1-18
D. The Deliverance of lot by Abram, 14:1-24
E. The Covenant with Abram. 15:1-21
F. The Birth of Ishmael, 16:1-16
G. The Circumcision of Abraham, 17:1-27
H. The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, 18:1-19:38
I. Abraham and Abimelech. 20:1-18
J. The Birth of Isaac. 21:1-34
K. The Offering of Isaac, 22:1-24
L. The Death and Burial of Sarah. 23:1-20
M. The Marriage of Isaac, 24:1-67
N. The Death of Abraham, 25:1-11
VII. The Descendants of Ishmael, 25:12-18
VIII. The History of Isaac and His Sons, 25:19-36:43
A. The Birth of Jacob and Esau, and Selling of Esau's Birthright, 25:19-34
B. Isaac and Abimelech, 26:1-35
C. The Blessing of Jacob by Deception, 27:1-46
D. Jacob's Flight to Paddan-aram (Mesopotamia), 28:1-9
E. Jacob's Dream at Bethel, 28:10-22 F. Jacob and the Daughters of Laban, 29:1-30:43
1. Jacob meets Rachel. 29:1-14
2. Jacob marries Leah and Rachel, 29:15-30
3. Jacob begets children, 29:31-30:24
4. Jacob bargains with Laban, 30:25-1-3
G. Jacob's Return to Canaan. 31:1-33:20
1. His separation from Laban, 31:1-55
2. His reconciliation with Esau, 32:1-33:20
H. Jacob's Eater Life, 34:1-36:43
1. The massacre at Shechem, 34:1-31
2. The renewal of the covenant at Bethel. 35:1-15
3. The deaths of Rachel and Isaac. 35:16-29
4. The descendants of Esau. 36:1-43
IX. The History of Joseph, 37:1-50:26
A. Joseph Sold into Slavery. 37:1-36
B. Judah and Tamar, 38:1-30
C. Joseph in Potiphar's House, 39:1-23
D. Joseph Interprets the Dreams of the Cupbearer and the Baker, 40:1-23
E. Joseph Interprets Pharaoh's Dream. 41:1-57
F. Joseph's Brothers in Egypt, 42:1-45:28
1. The first visit of his ten brothers. 42:1-38
2. The second visit of his eleven brothers. 43:1-44:34
3. Joseph's revelation of his identity, 45:1-28
G. Joseph's Family in Egypt, 46:1-47:31
H. The Blessing of Joseph's Sons, 48:1-22
I. Jacob's Blessing of His Sons, 49:1-27
J. Jacob's Death and Burial. 49:28-50:14
K. The last Days of Joseph, 50:15-26
I. THE CREATION OF THE WORLD, 1:1-2:25
A. The Beginning of Creation, 1:1-2
In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
B. The Days of Creation, 1:3-2:3
3 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. 4 And God saw that the light was good, And God separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.
6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the water." 7 And God made: the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so. 8 And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.
9 And God said, "Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear." And it was so. 10 God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11 And God said, "Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth." And it was so. 12 The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning the third day.
14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth." And it was so. 16 And God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. 17 And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.
20 And God said, "Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens." 21 So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth." 23 And there was evening and there was morning the fifth day.
24 And God said, "let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds" And it was so. 25 And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, rafter our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth."
27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.
28 And God blessed them. And God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth." 29 And God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. 30 And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food." And it was so. 31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
2 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. 3 So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation.
C. The Beginnings of Man and Woman, 2:4-25
4 These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.
5 When no bush of the field was yet in the land and no small plant of the field had yet sprung up—for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground, 6 and a mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground—7 then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature. 8 And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9 And out of the ground the Lord God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, hand the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
10 A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers. 11 The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good: bdellium and onyx stone are there. 13 The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush. 14 And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it. 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying "You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat; of it you shall surely die."
18 Then the Lord God said, "It is not good that the man should be alone: I will make him a helper fit for him." 19 Now out of the ground the Lord God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. 20 The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for hint. 21 So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. 22 And the rib that the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. 23 Then the man said,
"This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was 'taken out of Man."
24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold last to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. 25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.
II. THE SIN OF MAN. 3:1-24
A. The Temptation, 3:1-7
3 Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the Lord God had made.
He said to the woman, "Did God actually say, 'You shall not eat of any tree in the garden'?" 2 And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, 3 but God said. 'You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.'" 4. But the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both were opened. "and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.
Excerpted from RYRIE Study Bible by Charles Caldwell Ryrie Copyright © 2011 by The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. Excerpted by permission of Moody Publishers. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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