The Saffron Wave: Democracy and Hindu Nationalism in Modern India

The Saffron Wave: Democracy and Hindu Nationalism in Modern India

by Thomas Blom Hansen, Princeton Univ Pr
     
 

"The Saffron Wave is an analytically incisive and insightful exploration of one of the most important social movements to have swept postcolonial India. The book is remarkable not only for the historical depth it lends to our understanding of Hindu nationalism but also for the insights it affords contemporary politics in India."—Akhil Gupta, Stanford

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Overview

"The Saffron Wave is an analytically incisive and insightful exploration of one of the most important social movements to have swept postcolonial India. The book is remarkable not only for the historical depth it lends to our understanding of Hindu nationalism but also for the insights it affords contemporary politics in India."—Akhil Gupta, Stanford University

"A brilliant book on Indian politics. . . . The Saffron Wave is essential reading for anyone interested in India or in democracy, politics, and social movements."—Peter van der Veer, University of Amsterdam

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691006710
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/23/1999
Pages:
328
Sales rank:
1,468,441
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction. Hindu Nationalism and Democracy in India 3

Hindu Nationalism and Postcolonial Trajectories of Democracy 5

Hindu Nationalism and the Imaginings of India 10

About This Book 14

1. Modernity, Nation, and Democracy in India 16

The Democratic Revolution 20

Social Antagonisms and Politics 22

Discourse and the Analysis of Politics 24

Governance and Nationalism in Colonial India 29

Colonial Governmentalities 31

India as a Cultural Nation 39

Competing Nationalist Discourses 44

Producing Citizens and Communities in Independent India 46

Conclusion 57

2. Imagining the Hindu Nation 60

Ideology and the Impossibility of Identities 60

Objectification of Communities 65

Inversion of Orientalist Epistemology 67

Semitization of Hinduism 71

From Hindu Community to "Hindu Nation" 74

Hindutva and the "Lack" in the Hindus 77

The Nation as Fullness and Purity: M. S. Golwalkar 80

In the Gandhian Garb: Deendayal Upadhyaya and "Integral Humanism" 84

Constructing the "Founding Myth" 86

Conclusion: Hindu Nationalism and Democratic Revolution 88

3. Organizing the Hindu Nation 90

Culture versus Politics 92

The Sangh Parivar 96

Sevikas in Thane City 99

Hindu Missionaries at the Frontier 104

Cohesion, Leadership, and Control in the Sangh Parivar 107

Constituencies and Strategies of the Sangh Parivar 115

The "Sangha" Citadel in Pune 116

Lower Castes for a Higher Cause 122

The Sangh Parivar in the Political Field 133 Ambiguities of Politics 126

4. Democracy, Populism, and Governance in India in the 1980s 134

Populism and the Transformation of Governance 134

Competing Populisms 140

The Rise of the Other Backward Classes as a Political Identity 141

Caste and the Impurities of Politics 145

Religious Symbols in the Political Field 148

Muslim Minoritization 150

A Hegemonial Crisis 152

5. The Saffron Wave 154

Toward a National Hinduism 154

BJP as a New Beginning 157

Communalizing the Political Field 159

Patriotic Bricks 161

Contingencies of Electoral Politics 165

Opening Other Fronts 168

Roadside Patriotism 169

Ayodhya and Organized Communalism 172

The Demolition of Babri Masjid and After 181

The Disjunction of Agitational and Electoral0 Politics 185

Hindutva and Respectability 188

Political Imaginaries in Suburbia 191

After the Wave 197

6. Communal Identities at the Heart of the Nation 200

The Normal and the Pathological 200

Violence and Communal Consciousness 203

Communal Subjects and Political Action 214

7. Hindu Nationalism, Democracy, and Globalization 218

Hindu Nationalism and Governance 219

Hindu Nationalism and Democracy 223

Hindu Nationalism and Globalization 229

Democracy and Xenophobias in India 235

Notes 239

Glossary 269

Bibliography 273

Index 289

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