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The materials mechanics of the controlled separation of a body into two or more parts - cutting - using a blade or tool or other mechanical implement is a ubiquitous process in most engineering disciplines. This is the only book available devoted to the cutting of materials generally, the mechanics of which (toughness, fracture, deformation, plasticity, tearing, grating, chewing, etc.) have wide ranging implications for engineers, medics, manufacturers, and process engineers, making this text of particular interest to a wide range of engineers and specialists.
• The only book to explain and unify the process and techniques of cutting in metals AND non-metals. The emphasis on biomaterials, plastics and non-metals will be of considerable interest to many, while the transfer of knowledge from non-metals fields offers important benefits to metal cutters
• Comprehensive, written with this well-known author’s lightness of touch, the book will attract the attention of many readers in this underserved subject
• The clarity of the text is further enhanced by detailed examples and case studies, from the grating of cheese on an industrial scale to the design of scalpels
1 Controlled and uncontrolled separation of parts.
2 Strength and fracture mechanics: the basics.
3 Processes of separation.
4 Surface work and microstructure
5 Orthogonal cutting: microtoming to metal planeing
6 Types of chip: Fracture transitions and load fluctuations
7 Oblique cutting and curved blades: Bacon slicing to helical milling
8 Three-dimensional Cutting: Penetration, scratching, grinding, abrasive wear
9 Sawing: the design and function of serrations and the removal of matter
10 Piercing and perforating: punctures, arms and armor
11 Sharpness and Bluntness
12 Dynamic cutting
12 Biological and medical cutting
13 Unintentional cutting. Supermarket plastic bags, falling objects, ships hitting rocks.