Scientific Revolution and Medicine, 1450-1700

Overview

The History of Medicine is a six-volume chronological account of the development of biology and chemistry and the economic and policy issues associated with public health. The interdisciplinary set begins with an exploration of the medical practices of early humans and concludes with a volume presenting readers with the vital information they need to answer questions concerning the future, from understanding personal risks associated with certain diseases to the ethical ...

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Overview

The History of Medicine is a six-volume chronological account of the development of biology and chemistry and the economic and policy issues associated with public health. The interdisciplinary set begins with an exploration of the medical practices of early humans and concludes with a volume presenting readers with the vital information they need to answer questions concerning the future, from understanding personal risks associated with certain diseases to the ethical questions concerning organ transplants and the preservation of life.

The Scientific Revolution and Medicine: 1450-1700 traces notable events in medical and health science at a time when questioning religious doctrines, government practices, and the workings of the world led to the scientific method, a process of experimentation that was used to explore observations and answer questions. The book puts medical issues of the period into perspective and provides a focused understanding of the accomplishments of the time.

The book contains more than 40 color photographs and line illustrations, sidebars, a translation of the Hippocratic Oath, a chronology, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. The History of Medicine is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who wish to learn about how and when various medical discoveries were made and how those discoveries affected health care at the time.

The volume includes information on

advances in anatomy and surgery

the circulatory system

the development of the microscope

the impact of the "New World" on medicine and health care

midwifery

Paracelsus's influence on medicine

public health andsanitation

the rise of scurvy, smallpox, and syphilis

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816072071
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/1/2009
  • Series: Facts on File History of Medicine Series
  • Pages: 158
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Acknowledgments xii

Introduction xiii

l Medicine: Ready For A New Start 1

Galenic Medicine Still Prevails 4

Two Other Practices of the Day 6

Paracelsus Leads the Way 8

New Discoveries Challenge Old Ideas 11

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519): Contributions to Medical Knowledge 13

An Understanding of Proportions 18

How the Invention of the Printing Press Contributed to Medicine 19

Conclusion 20

2 Amazing Advances In Anatomy 21

Vesalius and What He Learned about the Structure of the Human Body 23

De humani corporis fabrica libri septum 26

Serveto Recognizes Pulmonary Circulation 28

Realdo Colombo Further Illuminates the Blood 30

Falloppio and His Discoveries 31

Bartolomeo Eustachio: Founder of Modern Anatomy 33

Santorio and the Body as Machine 36

Conclusion 38

3 Amazing Advances In Surgery 39

The Father of Modern Surgery 41

A Change in Weaponry Necessitates a Change in Wound Care 43

Paré Implements Many Advances 46

Debunking Popular Medicines of the Day 48

Other Notables in the Field of Surgery 48

Midwifery Is Improved 54

Surgery Achieves Greater Respect 56

Conclusion 58

4 William Harvey Transforms Understanding of The Circulatory System 59

Earlier Theories of the Blood (Pre-Harvey) 60

An Islamic Physician Provides Other Answers 62

Harvey Breaks New Ground 63

Reaction to Harvey's Theories 66

A Remaining Question Answered by Malpighi 67

On Embryology 68

The Study of Physiology Grows 70

Conclusion 73

5 The Microscope and Other Discoveries 74

The Development of the Microscope 76

Leeuwenhoek and His Lenses 79

Robert Hooke: Forgotten Genius 81

Living Things from Nowhere82

Hooke's Work in Microscopic Matters 84

The Rise of Scurvy 87

Smallpox Takes on New Virulence 89

Conclusion 91

6 Syphilis and What It Reveals of The Day 92

Syphilis 93

The Possible Origins of Syphilis 95

How the Disease Came to Be Called Syphilis 96

Treatment Theories 99

Early Concept of Contagion 100

Famous Rulers Thought to Have Had the Disease 101

Public Policies to Help Reduce Syphilis 102

U.S. Study of Syphilis: A Dark Chapter 103

Conclusion 105

7 The Impact of The New World on Medicine 106

The New World Influences Medicine 108

What the Native Americans Knew 110

Trade Affects Both Sides 111

Medicines from Overseas 111

Opium as a Medicine 114

Health Care for the Common Man 117

Conclusion 121

8 Scientific Progress on An Imperfect Path 122

The English Hippocrates 123

Alchemy Wanes: Ideas Such as Phrenology Take Root 125

Connecting Certain Jobs to Certain Diseases 126

The Foundations of Public Health 129

Doctored to Death 130

Sanitation during These Years 132

Care of the Sick 134

Conclusion 135

Chronology 136

Glossary 139

Further Resources 145

Index 150

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