The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding / Edition 1

The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding / Edition 1

by C.A. Johnston, Daniel Troy Case, Christopher Carr, B. Goldstein
     
 

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ISBN-10: 038777386X

ISBN-13: 9780387773865

Pub. Date: 07/24/2008

Publisher: Springer New York

This book presents, for the first time, a detailed, holistic synthesis of the lifeways, culture, history, and material record of the ceremonially and socially rich Hopewell peoples who lived in the Scioto valley and neighboring areas in Ohio in the first centuries A.D. The Scioto Hopewell built monumental, 80 acre earthworks aligned precisely to astronomical events

Overview

This book presents, for the first time, a detailed, holistic synthesis of the lifeways, culture, history, and material record of the ceremonially and socially rich Hopewell peoples who lived in the Scioto valley and neighboring areas in Ohio in the first centuries A.D. The Scioto Hopewell built monumental, 80 acre earthworks aligned precisely to astronomical events, masterfully worked glistening metals and semiprecious stones into elegant designs, and honored their dead with these vocal artifacts in community burial houses two-thirds the size of a football field. The Scioto Hopewell's intricate social order and religious concepts of alliance afforded them three centuries of intercommunity peace. The first half of the work, written in the vein of classic ethnographies that focus on a local group in context, thickly describes the local, natural and symbolic environmental setting, subsistence and settlement pattern, community and sociopolitical organization, ceremonial organization, intercommunity dynamics, and world views of Scioto Hopewell peoples. By taking an encompassing and historical view of Scioto Hopewell life, both its origins and ending are revealed. These detailed cultural and historical reconstructions are strongly anchored empirically in the second half of the book which compiles, in a researcher-friendly CD-ROM format, four massive data bases of published and unpublished information that previously was widely dispersed and unsystematized, and thus had limited synthetic research. The data bases document the archaeological and human remains from all 52 Ohio Hopewell ceremonial centers that have been excavated and reported; the intrasite layouts and precise geographic placements of most of these centers as well as the locations of many other, unexplored ones; and the ceremonial functions, meanings, and social role associations of 51 kinds of historic Woodland Native American ceremonial paraphernalia analogous to those used

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780387773865
Publisher:
Springer New York
Publication date:
07/24/2008
Series:
Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology Series
Edition description:
1st ed. 2008
Pages:
774
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents

Preface.- Acknowledgments.- Part I: Rationale and Framework.- Documenting the Lives of Ohio Hopewell People: A Philosophical and Empirical Foundation.- Part II: The Scioto Hopewell: Land, People, Culture, and History.-Environmental Setting, Natural Symbols, and Subsistence.- Settlement and Communities.- Social and Ritual.- World View and the Dynamics of Change: the Beginning and the End.- Part III: Inventory and Documentation.- The Ohio Hopewell Electronic Data Base: An Overview.- Ceremonial Site Locations, Descriptions, and Bibliography.- Definition of Variables and Variable States.- Evaluating the Accuracy of Aging and Sexing of Human Remains by Previous Researchers.- Methods for Aging and Sexing Human Remains from the Hopewell Site.- The Functions and Meanings of Ohio Hopewell Ceremonial Artifacts in Ethnohistoric Perspective.- Contextualizing Preanalyses of the Ohio Hopewell Mortuary Data, I: Age, Sex, Burial-Deposit, and Intraburial Artifact Count Distributions.-Contextualizing Preanalyses of the Ohio Hopewell Mortuary Data, II: Associations of Artifact Classes across Burials.- Data Accuracy and Precision: A Comparison of the Ohio Hopewell Data Base to N. Greber’s and T. Lloyd’s Data Bases.- Future Topics on Ohio Hopewell Culture That Could Be Investigated with the Data Base.- Bibliography.- DVD: Data Bases and Appendices.

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