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The Selected Papers of Margaret Sanger, Volume 3: The Politics of Planned Parenthood, 1939-1966

Overview

"A commendably balanced account of Margaret Sanger's efforts in the birth control movement. This volume contains vital information for scholars and students of twentieth-century American history, women's history, and modern medical advances."---Beverly Wilson Palmer, coeditor of The Selected Letters of Florence Kelley, 1869-1931" "This volume provides accurate, dramatic context to the often conflicting struggle to make birth control acceptable in American culture and to make it a global movement. Katz, Hajo, and Engelman have produced an edition

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Overview

"A commendably balanced account of Margaret Sanger's efforts in the birth control movement. This volume contains vital information for scholars and students of twentieth-century American history, women's history, and modern medical advances."---Beverly Wilson Palmer, coeditor of The Selected Letters of Florence Kelley, 1869-1931" "This volume provides accurate, dramatic context to the often conflicting struggle to make birth control acceptable in American culture and to make it a global movement. Katz, Hajo, and Engelman have produced an edition that is useful to biographers, scholars, students, and the inquisitive policy maker. I give it my highest recommendation."---Allida M. Black, editor and director of The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project." "Birth control crusader, feminist, and reformer Margaret Sanger was one of the most controversial and dynamic figures of the twentieth century and one of the great women reformers in history. Volume 3: The Politics of Planned Parenthood, 1939-1966 of The Selected Papers of Margaret Sanger highlights Sanger's quest for the "magic pill," the non-barrier method of birth control she had envisioned since the early 1930s. These lively and fascinating letters and other writings tell the story of Sanger's consequential collaboration with the philanthropist Katharine Dexter McCormick and their master-ful direction of scientists, physicians, and birth control bureaucrats toward the production of the first contraceptive pill---the catalyst for the sexual revolution." "Volume 3 also chronicles Sanger's attempt to guide the American birth control movement during World War II and its immediate aftermath, when many were calling for increased fertility, not family planning. And it documents her controversial efforts to expand birth control services to African Americans in the rural South and to incorporate contraceptive health care into state and federal public health programs. All the while she was engaged in a contentious battle with the leadership of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America over the direction of the movement, with Sanger pushing to revive a feminist rationale for birth control and to emphasize the needs of the poor, and the Fedration looking to extend its services beyond contraception and to encourage middle-class childbearing. Constructed to be read as the last chapter of her domestic biography, this volume documents the final turbulent decades of a remarkable life and includes important material on the efforts of biographers, film makers, journalists such as the young Mike Wallace, and Sanger herself, to assess her motivations and affirm her pivotal role in the history of reproductive rights." As with volumes 1 and 2, the documents assembled here, more than eighty-four percent of them letters, were culled from the Margaret Sanger Papers Microfilm Edition, edited by Esther Katz, Cathy Moran Hajo, and Peter C. Engelman. Volume 4 will cover Sanger's international work in the birth control struggle.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780252033728
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • Publication date: 8/2/2010
  • Edition description: 1st Edition
  • Pages: 592
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Esther Katz is editor and director of the Margaret Sanger Papers Project and associate professor (adjunct) of history at New York University.

 

Cathy Moran Hajo is an associate editor of the Margaret Sanger Papers Project and an adjunct professor in New York University's Archives and Public History Program.

 

Peter C. Engelman is an associate editor of the Margaret Sanger Papers Project, a freelance writer, and an archivist.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Editorial Method

Abbreviations

Chronology

Chapter 1 Pioneer Women and Organization Men 1

1 Sept. 11, 1939 / To Edith Birth Bass 4

2 Oct. 4, 1939 / To Edith How-Martyn 6

3 Oct. 9, 1939 / To Friends of The Nation 9

4 Nov. 5, 1939 / To Clarence James Gamble 11

5 Nov. 5, 1939 / To D. Kenneth Rose 15

6 Nov. 12, 1939 / To Albert D. Lasker 17

7 Nov. 23, 1939 / To Penelope B. Parker Huse 18

8 Nov. 26, 1939 / To Clarence James Gamble 20

9 Dec. 2, 1939 / From Clarence James Gamble 22

10 Dec. 10, 1939 / To Clarence James Gamble 25

11 Dec. 27, 1939 / To D. Kenneth Rose 28

12 ca. Nov. or Dec. 1939 / Tucson Speech on Population 31

13 ca. 1939 / "Hitler and War" 34

14 ca. Dec. 1939 or Jan. 1940 / To Cele Armstrong Damon 39

15 Feb. 12, 1940 / To Carrie Chapman Catt 44

16 Feb. 12, 1940 / To Robert E. Seibels 46

17 Feb. 27, 1940 / To the Editor of the Baltimore Evening Sun 49

18 ca. April 15, 1940 / To Clarence James Gamble 52

19 July 18, 1940 / To Clinton F. Chance 53

20 Sept. 20, 1940 / Journal Entry 57

21 Nov. 6, 1940 / To Mary Reinhardt Lasker 58

22 Nov. 27, 1940 / To John Adams and Mabel Glass Kingsbury 60

23 ca. Nov. 1940 / To Henry Steele Commager 64

24 Dec. 26, 1940 / To Florence Rose 69

Chapter 2 "A Little Light Still Burns" 71

25 Jan. 1, 1941 / Journal Entry 72

26 Jan. 3, 1941 / To Nellie Virginia Hanson 75

27 Jan. 16, 1941 / To Rabbi Sidney Goldstein 76

28 April 17, 1941 / To Cordell Hull 79

29 April 23, 1941 / Journal Entry 80

30 May 5, 1941 / To J. Noah Slee 82

31 June 8, 1941 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 84

32 July 5, 1941 / Journal Entry 88

33 July 22, 1941 / From Client 89

34 July 24, 1941 / To Client 91

35 Sept. 14, 1941 / To Mary Reinhardt Lasker 92

36 Sept. 22, 1941 / Journal Entry 95

37 Oct. 14, 1941 / To H. G. Wells 96

38 Nov. 10, 1941 / From William Allen White 98

39 Nov. 18, 1941 / To Hilda Kahlert Cornish 99

40 Nov. 24, 1941 / To Bernard Oliver 103

41 Dec. 7, 1941 / Journal Entry 105

42 Dec. 11, 1941 / To Dorothy Lerner Gordon 107

Chapter 3 Birth Control and War 110

43 Feb. 3, 1942 / Dream Journal 114

44 Feb. 20, 1942 / To Robert Latou Dickinson 114

45 Mar. 7, 1942 / To Mary Worley Compton 116

46 ca. Mar. 12-18, 1942 / To Florence Rose 118

47 Mar. 27, 1942 / From Mary Worley Compton 119

48 May 25, 1942 / "Is This the Time to Have a Child?" 124

49 June 1, 1942 / Journal Entry 129

50 June 10, 1942 / To Mary McLeod Bethune 130

51 June 17, 1942 / "The Women's Auxiliary Army Corps" 132

52 June 19, 1942 / To Franklin Delano Roosevelt 134

53 July 9, 1942 / To Albert D. Lasker 136

54 Aug. 16, 1942 / To Oswald Garrison Villard 138

55 Nov. 8, 1942 / To Dorothy Lerner Gordon 140

56 Nov. 24, 1942 / To Florence Rose 141

57 Dec. 11, 1942 / To D. Kenneth Rose 143

58 Feb. 8, 1943 / To Clarence James Gamble 144

59 Mar. 6, 1943 / From Client 147

60 June 24, 1943 / To Elizabeth Slee Willis 148

61 Jan. 5, 1944 / Dream Journal 152

62 Jan. 31, 1944 / Journal Entry 152

63 Feb. 9, 1944 / To H. G. Wells 154

64 Feb. 20, 1944 / Journal Entry 155

65 Apr. 8, 1944 / To Florence Rose 158

66 May 3, 1944 / "Tomorrow's Children" 160

67 May 10, 1944 / To Stuart Sanger 169

68 July 22, 1944 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 171

69 July 25, 1944 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 173

70 Aug. 5, 1944 / From Helen Keller 174

71 Aug. 24, 1944 / To Helen Keller 176

72 Sept. 18, 1944 / From Helen Keller 178

73 Sept. 19, 1944 / To Morris Ernst 181

74 Sept. 22, 1944 / From Morris Ernst 183

75 Oct. 23, 1944 / To Mary Reinhardt Lasker 184

76 Nov. 8, 1944 / Journal Entry 186

77 Nov. 20, 1944 / To Florence Rose 186

78 Dec. 22, 1944 / Journal Entry 189

79 Jan. 4, 1945 / To D. Kenneth Rose 191

80 Apr. 3, 1945 / To Pearl S. Buck 193

81 Apr. 18, 1945 / Journal Entry 194

82 May 9, 1945 / To Ocean D. Carey 195

83 Aug. 3, 1945 / From Grant Sanger 197

84 Sept. 28, 1945 / To Angus Snead Macdonald 199

85 Nov. 11, 1945 / To Hugh de Selincourt 200

86 Nov. 12, 1945 / To Angus Snead Macdonald 206

87 Dec. 25, 1945 / Journal Entry 206

Chapter 4 Picking up the Pieces 209

88 Mar. 28, 1946 / To J. Gordon Flannery 211

89 Mar. 29, 1946 / To Clarence James Gamble 213

90 May 28, 1946 / To Robert Latou Dickinson 214

91 June 10, 1946 / To Florence Rose 216

92 Aug. 5, 1946 / To H. G. Wells 218

93 Aug. 15, 1946 / To Florence Rose 219

94 Aug. 21, 1946 / To Mary Reinhardt Lasker 221

95 Nov. 15, 1946 / From Juliet Barrett Rublee 222

96 Nov. 18, 1946 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 226

97 Jan. 12, 1947 / To Margaret Valiant 227

98 Feb. 15, 1947 / To Ada Pierce McCormick 229

99 May 19, 1947 / From Ansel Adams 231

100 Nov. 18, 1947 / To Rev. Cornelius D. Trowbridge 232

101 June 17, 1948 / To Hobson Pittman 234

102 Aug. 10, 1948 / To Florence Rose 236

103 Oct. 8, 1948 / To Abraham Stone 237

104 Jan. 1949 / To J. J. Nevins 238

105 Feb. 9, 1949 / To the Pittsburgh Courier 242

106 Apr. 19, 1949 / To Frank Lloyd Wright 243

107 June 14, 1949 / To Loraine Leeson Campbell 244

108 July 2, 1949 / To Leighton Rollins 245

109 ca. July 1949 / To John Adams and Mabel Glass Kingsbury 247

110 Aug. 5, 1949 / To Cele Damon Wright 249

111 Sept. 1949 / To Angus Snead Macdonald 251

112 Jan. 3, 1950 / To John Adams and Mabel Glass Kingsbury 252

113 Feb. 4, 1950 / To Charles Edwin Scribner 253

114 Mar. 2, 1950 / To Roslyn Campbell Weir 255

115 Mar. 1950 / To Abraham Stone 260

116 Aug. 17, 1950 / To Abraham Stone 262

117 Oct. 27, 1950 / To Katharine Dexter McCormick 265

Chapter 5 Looking Forward, Looking Back 270

118 Nov. 21, 1950 / To Genevieve R. Hirsch 273

119 Jan. 30, 1951 / To the Editor of the Arizona Star 274

120 Mar. 27, 1951 / From Katharine Hepburn 276

121 Apr. 12, 1951 / To David Loth 278

122 June 25, 1951 / To Hobson Pittman 281

123 June 28, 1951 / From Client 283

124 Sept. 18, 1951 / To Angus Snead Macdonald 284

125 Oct. 16, 1951 / To O. Edmund Clubb 285

126 Dec. 3, 1951 / To Anne Kennedy 287

127 Dec. 20, 1951 / To Theodore Nanckivell White 288

128 Jan. 14, 1952 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 290

129 Jan. 22, 1952 / To Ethel Higgins Byrne 292

130 Jan. 24, 1952 / To Abraham Stone 294

131 Feb. 25, 1952 / To Judith Davidson Chafee 297

132 Mar. 21, 1952 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 299

133 Mar. 21, 1952 / To Cele Damon Wright 302

134 Mar. 1952 / To Abraham Stone 303

135 May 12, 1952 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 304

136 June 18, 1952 / To Eleanor Bellows Pillsbury 305

137 July 9, 1952 / To Clarence James Gamble 308

138 July 16, 1952 / To Dorothy Buffum Chandler 311

139 Sept. 22, 1952 / To Angus Snead Macdonald 312

140 Oct. 29, 1952 / To Florence Rose 314

141 Dec. 1, 1952 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 315

142 Jan. 26, 1953 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 317

143 Feb. 6, 1953 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 321

144 Feb. 27, 1953 / To Friends of Planned Parenthood of Massachusetts 324

145 Mar. 30, 1953 / To Leighton Rollins 326

146 Mar. 31, 1953 / To Edward Steele 327

147 Apr. 2, 1953 / To Abraham Stone 329

148 July 5, 1953 / To Lawrence Lader 332

149 Oct. 10, 1953 / To Lawrence Lader 333

150 Oct. 12, 1953 / To the Pima County Women's Republican Club 337

151 Oct. 15, 1953 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 338

152 Oct. 26, 1953 / To Edna Ferber 341

Chapter 6 A New Era for Birth Control 344

153 Nov. 13, 1953 / From Katharine Dexter McCormick 346

154 Nov. 23, 1953 / To Clarence James Gamble 350

155 Jan. 1954 / To Olive Byrne Richard 352

156 Feb. 2, 1954 / To Eleanor Bellows Pillsbury 353

157 Feb. 17, 1954 / To Frances De Lorenzo 360

158 Feb. 18, 1954 / To Marion Crary Ingersoll 362

159 Mar. 15, 1954 / To Marion Crary Ingersoll 364

160 Mar. 18, 1954 / To Gregory Goodwin Pincus 366

161 Mar. 26, 1954 / To Katharine Dexter McCormick 368

162 Mar. 29, 1954 / To Gregory Goodwin Pincus 372

163 Aug. 10, 1954 / To Abraham Stone 374

164 Nov. 1, 1954 / To Francoise Cyon Lafitte 376

165 Dec. 2, 1954 / To Katharine Dexter McCormick 377

166 Feb. 4, 1955 / To Katharine Dexter McCormick 380

167 Feb. 9, 1955 / To John Adams Kingsbury 384

168 Feb. 13, 1955 / To Juliet Barrett Rublee 386

169 Mar. 16, 1955 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 387

170 Mar. 22, 1955 / To Rabbi Albert S. Goldstein 391

171 Apr. 19, 1955 / To Lawrence Lader 393

172 Dec. 24, 1955 / To John and Martha Starr 396

173 Mar. 17, 1956 / To Margaret and Nancy Sanger 397

174 July 28, 1956 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 398

175 Aug. 20, 1956 / To D. Kenneth Rose 402

176 Dec. 12, 1956 / To Katharine Dexter McCormick 404

177 Dec. 30, 1956 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 407

178 Feb. 17, 1957 / To Upton Sinclair 408

179 July 18, 1957 / To Gregory Goodwin Pincus 409

180 July 22, 1957 / From Gregory Goodwin Pincus 412

181 Aug. 16, 1957 / To Anne Kennedy 413

Chapter 7 The Spirit Is Willing 416

182 Sept. 5, 1957 / Telephone Conversation with Mike Wallace 419

183 Sept. 6, 1957 / Telephone Conversation with Leonard Zweig 421

184 Sept. 21, 1957 / Mike Wallace Interview 423

185 Sept. 21, 1957 / From D. Savoie 438

186 Sept. 22, 1957 / From Client 439

187 Oct. 9, 1957 / To Ellen Jensen Watumull 440

188 Dec. 19, 1957 / To Mike Wallace 441

189 Jan. 14, 1958 / To William Vogt 442

190 Aug. 15, 1958 / To William R. Mathews 445

191 Dec. 18, 1958 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 446

192 Dec. 30, 1958 / To Florence Rose 448

193 June 12, 1959 / To Dorothy Hamilton Brush 450

194 July 22, 1959 / To Marion Crary Ingersoll 452

195 Oct. 30, 1959 / To Michael Minor 454

196 Dec. 4, 1959 / To Clarence James Gamble 455

197 Dec. 16, 1959 / To Frank P. Bohn 456

198 Jan. 2, 1960 / From Katharine Dexter McCormick 458

199 Jan. 11, 1960 / To John F. Kennedy 460

200 Feb. 22, 1960 / To Alan F. Guttmacher 461

201 Mar. 14, 1960 / To Hugh Moore 463

202 May 24, 1960 / To Anne Kennedy 464

203 July 18, 1960 / From Barbara Benoit 466

204 July 18, 1960 / From Kathleen Dee O'Finerty 467

205 Nov. 9, 1960 / From Leo P. Cotter 467

206 Nov. 10, 1960 / From Anonymous 469

207 Mar. 4, 1961 / From Aldous Huxley 470

208 May 15, 1961 / From Robert A. Parker 470

209 Nov. 18, 1961 / To Harold L. Oram 472

210 Nov. 25, 1961 / To John D. Rockefeller, III 474

211 Feb. 5, 1962 / Dorothy Hamilton Brush to George and Barbara Cadbury 476

212 Mar. 30, 1962 / To Grant Sanger 479

213 Aug. 18, 1962 / To Margaret Sanger Marston 480

214 Feb. 8, 1963 / Stuart Sanger to Dorothy Hamilton Brush 481

215 July 21, 1963 / To Leighton Rollins 484

216 Oct. 30, 1964 / Interview with John Riddick 485

217 ca. 1966 / Dorothy Brush Reminiscence 489

Epilogue 491

218 Sept. 7, 1966 / Remarks of Ernest Gruening to U.S. Senate 493

219 Sept. 11, 1966 / New York Times Editorial 497

220 Sept. 13, 1966 / From Katharine Hepburn to Grant Sanger 498

221 1961? / To Clarence William Lieb 498

Bibliography 501

Index 507

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