THE SEQUEL OF APPOMATTOX, A CHRONICLE OF THE REUNION OF THE STATES

THE SEQUEL OF APPOMATTOX, A CHRONICLE OF THE REUNION OF THE STATES

by Walter Lynwood Fleming
     
 

CHAPTER I. THE AFTERMATH OF WAR

When the armies of the Union and of the Confederacy were disbanded in
1865, two matters had been settled beyond further dispute: the Negro was
to be free, and the Union was to be perpetuated. But, though slavery
and state sovereignty were no longer at issue, there were still many
problems which pressed for…  See more details below

Overview

CHAPTER I. THE AFTERMATH OF WAR

When the armies of the Union and of the Confederacy were disbanded in
1865, two matters had been settled beyond further dispute: the Negro was
to be free, and the Union was to be perpetuated. But, though slavery
and state sovereignty were no longer at issue, there were still many
problems which pressed for solution. The huge task of reconstruction
must be faced. The nature of the situation required that the measures of
reconstruction be first formulated in Washington by the victors and then
worked out in the conquered South. Since the success of these policies
would depend in a large measure upon their acceptability to both
sections of the country, it was expected that the North would be
influenced to some extent by the attitude of the Southern people, which
in turn would be determined largely by local conditions in the South.
The situation in the South at the close of the Civil War is, therefore,
the point at which this narrative of the reconstruction naturally takes
its beginning.

The surviving Confederate soldiers came straggling back to communities,
which were now far from being satisfactory dwelling places for civilized
people. Everywhere they found missing many of the best of their former
neighbors. They found property destroyed, the labor system disorganized,
and the inhabitants in many places suffering from want. They found the
white people demoralized and sometimes divided among themselves and the
Negroes free, bewildered, and disorderly, for organized government had
lapsed with the surrender of the Confederate armies.

Beneath a disorganized society lay a devastated land. The destruction of
property affected all classes of the population. The accumulated capital
of the South had disappeared in worthless Confederate stocks, bonds,
and currency. The banks had failed early in the war. Two billion dollars
invested in slaves had been wiped out. Factories, which had been running
before the war or were developed after 1861 in order to supply the
blockaded country, had been destroyed by Federal raiders or seized
and sold or dismantled because they had furnished supplies to the
Confederacy. Mining industries were paralyzed. Public buildings which
had been used for war purposes were destroyed or confiscated for the
uses of the army or for the new freedmen's schools. It was months before
courthouses, state capitols, school and college buildings were again
made available for normal uses. The military school buildings had been
destroyed by the Federal forces. Among the schools which suffered
were the Virginia Military Institute, the University of Alabama, the
Louisiana State Seminary, and many smaller institutions. Nearly all
these had been used in some way for war purposes and were therefore
subject to destruction or confiscation.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
2940013692121
Publisher:
SAP
Publication date:
01/18/2012
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
File size:
166 KB

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