The Settlement of New France and Acadia, 1524-1701by Sheila Nelson
The first French explorers and settlers in the wilderness of Canada faced long, snowy winters, starvation, and the dreaded disease scurvy. Led by men like Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain, the French built themselves a home along the St. Lawrence River and in Acadia, on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. The first Nations already lived in Canada. Some of them greeted the French enthusiastically, some fought wars with the newcomers; many set up trade relationships with the French settlers.
In this book you will learn about the early days of New France and about the ways the French transformed their first struggling habitations into a vast fur trading empire and a thriving royal province. You will see how the French made friends with some of their First Nations neighbors, like the Mi'kmaq and the Wendat, but how they fought a long and terrible war against the Iroquois Confederacy to their south. Canada's success in the fur trade caused problems not only with the Iroquois, but also with the English, and they too would be a source of conflict for New France.
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