The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

by I. William Zartman
     
 

Genocide results from the culmination of conflicts over identity. A group of people that feels threatened by extinction resorts to genocide as a pathologically defensive reaction. This poses a security dilemma that can only be broken by quelling the feelings of threat and fear that prompt mass violence. In order to prevent genocide, it is essential to understand

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Overview

Genocide results from the culmination of conflicts over identity. A group of people that feels threatened by extinction resorts to genocide as a pathologically defensive reaction. This poses a security dilemma that can only be broken by quelling the feelings of threat and fear that prompt mass violence. In order to prevent genocide, it is essential to understand the internal dynamics of identity conflict. It is also important to intervene at the early stages of identity conflict; the parties involved require external help to ease tensions.

In this volume, noted thinkers and practitioners of conflict management, who hail from ten different countries, present ideas on how to prevent identity issues from causing fear and escalating into genocide. They focus on measures for handling the internal dynamics of parties facing identity conflicts, as well as considerations for arranging external assistance. Contributors address the problem of outbidders, actors whose non-conciliatory attitudes put them in positions of leadership in their identity groups. Since political extremism and violence can signal resolve and commitment to a group cause, moderates give way to hardliners. Spoilers, who believe that peace undermines their interests and power, also play a key role in the dynamics of conflicts. Careful attention is necessary to select appropriate third parties who can pull conflicting parties off the course of conflict. The authors discuss the concepts and practices involved in changing structures and attitudes to ease tensions, as well as the measures interveners must take to work in the midst of conflicting groups.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199791743
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
01/17/2012
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Part I. Introduction

Chapter 1: The Problem: Preventing Identity Conflicts and Genocide
Mark Anstey and I. William Zartman

Chapter 2: The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass Violence
Ervin Staub

Part II. Internal Dynamics: The Parties

Chapter 3: The Identity Trap: Managing Paradox in Crisis Bargaining
William A. Donohue

Chapter 4: The Identity Narratives
Jesús Romero-Trillo

Chapter 5: Negotiating Memories and Justice in the Philippines
Ariel Macaspac Penetrante

Chapter 6: Diasporas and the Politics of Identity in International Negotiations
Fen Osler Hampson

Chapter 7: Outbidding and the Decision to Negotiate
Jannie Liljia

Chapter 8: The Insides of Identity and Intragroup Conflict
Jay Rothman

Chapter 9: Handling Spoilers and the Prospect of Violence
Marie-Joëlle Zahar

Part III. Intervention Dynamics: The Mediator

Chapter 10: Mediation and Identity Conflicts
Joshua Smilovitz

Chapter 11: The Challenge of Partnerism
Moty Cristal

Chapter 12: Conditions for Internal Conflict Resolution through External Intervention
Frank Pfetsch

Chapter 13: Who Gets What in Peace Agreements?
David Cunningham

Chapter 14: Evolving International Law of Intervention and Prevention
Franz Cede, University of Budapest

Chapter 15: The International Community Response
Peter Wallensteen, Frida Möller, and Erik Melander

Chapter 16: OSCE HCNM: Strategies of the Legitimate Intervener in Internal Identity Conflicts
Fedor Meerts and Tassos Coulaloglou

Chapter 17: Negotiating Out of Conflict: External Interventions in Africa
Mark Anstey

Part IV. Conclusions

Chapter 18: Lessons for Theory
I. William Zartman and Mark Anstey

Chapter 19:Lessons for Practice
Mart Anstey and Paul Meerts

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