The Solidarities of Strangers: The English Poor Laws and the People, 1700-1948

The Solidarities of Strangers: The English Poor Laws and the People, 1700-1948

by Lynn Hollen Lees
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521030668

ISBN-13: 9780521030663

Pub. Date: 01/28/2007

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The Solidarities of Strangers is a study of English policies toward the poor from the seventeenth century to the present that combines individual stories with official actions. Lynn Lees shows how clients as well as officials negotiated welfare settlements. Cultural definitions of entitlement, rather than available resources, determined amounts and beneficiaries.…  See more details below

Overview

The Solidarities of Strangers is a study of English policies toward the poor from the seventeenth century to the present that combines individual stories with official actions. Lynn Lees shows how clients as well as officials negotiated welfare settlements. Cultural definitions of entitlement, rather than available resources, determined amounts and beneficiaries. Cultural definitions of entitlement, rather than available resources, determined amounts and beneficiaries. Indeed, industrialization and growing wealth went along with restricted payments to the needy, while universal allowances and insurance systems expanded as the economy faltered and world wars crippled budgets and drained resources. Although the English poor laws were a "residualist" system, aiding the destitute when neither family nor charities covered needs, they went through cycles of generosity and meanness that affected men and women unequally. The long-term history of welfare in England and Wales has not been a story of continued progress and improvement but one determined by continually changing attitudes toward poverty.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521030663
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
01/28/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction1
Pt. IResidualism Taken for Granted, 1700-183419
1The Welfare Process Under the Old Poor Laws21
2Weekly Doles: Communal Support in the Eighteenth Century42
3Excluding Paupers, 1780-183482
Pt. IIResidualism Refined and Restricted, 1834-60113
4Classifying and Confining Paupers, 1834-60115
5"Though Poor, I'm a Gentleman Still"153
6"Pauperism" in Practice, 1834-70177
Pt. IIIResidualism Reevaluated and Rejected, 1860-1948231
7Reevaluating the Urban Poor, 1860-90233
8The Multicampaign War on Pauperism, 1870-1906259
9Popular Rejection of the Poor Laws294
10New Principles for Social Action, 1906-48310
Epilogue: Residualism Redux, 1948-95343
AppCollection and Analysis of Settlement Examinations355
Bibliographic Essay358
Index365

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