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"This is a tightly argued and sobering work. It displays the power of the interdisciplinary approach to history, while demonstrating
"This is a tightly argued and sobering work. It displays the power of the interdisciplinary approach to history, while demonstrating how the effects of U.S. empire in the Philippines continue to resonate in U.S. foreign policy in the post Cold War era."-Enrique de la Cruz, California State University, Northridge
During a ceremony held in 1996 to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of formal Philippine independence, the U.S. flag was being lowered while the Philippine flag was being raised, and the two became entangled. In The Star-Entangled Banner, Sharon Delmendo demonstrates that this incident is indicative of the longstanding problematic relationship between the two countries. When faced with a national crisis or a compelling need to reestablish its autonomy, each nation paradoxically turns to its history with the other to define its place in the world.
Each chapter of the book examines a separate issue in this linked history: the influence of Buffalo Bill's show on the proto-nationalism of Jose? Rizal, who is often described as the "First Filipino"; the portrayal of the Philippines in an early colonial era American children's book; Back to Bataan, a World War II movie starring John Wayne; a contemporary novel by F. Sionil Jose?; and the U.S. military's retentionof the Balangiga Bells, which were taken as war booty during the Philippine-American War. Ultimately, Delmendo demonstrates how the effects of U.S. imperialism in the Philippines continue to resonate in U.S. foreign policy in the post Cold War era and the war on terrorism.
Sharon Delmendo is an associate professor of English at St. John Fisher College in Rochester, New York.
|List of illustrations|
|Introduction : "the splendid struggle for independence" : Philippine and American (co)constructions of nationalism||1|
|1||Cultural constructions of nationalism : Jose Rizal, Buffalo Bill, and Los Indios Bravos||21|
|2||Marketing colonialism : little brown brothers in the Kodak zone||47|
|3||Back to Bataan once more : Pax Americana and the Pacific theater||86|
|4||The star-entangled banner : commemorating one hundred years of Philippine (in)dependence and Philippine-American relations||115|
|5||Canto del Viajero : F. Sionil Jose's restorative historical passage||141|
|Conclusion : the battleground of history : the Balangiga Bells||168|