Praised for its practical strategies, real-world emphasis and focus on critical thinking, this successful 4-in-1-- handbook, reader, rhetoric, and research guide-- text incorporates electronic writing and visual rhetoric.
Preface. 1. Why Write? Part I: THE RHETORIC. 2. The Writing Process: An Overview. What Is Writing? Developing a Composing Style. Writing on a Computer. Strategies for Writing on a Computer. Writer''s Block. Strategies for Overcoming Writer''s Block. E-Writing: Exploring Writing Resources Online. E-Sources. Web Site: The Writing Process. 3. The Writing Context, or Genre What Is Good Writing? The Writer. The Reader. The Discourse Community. The Document. Strategies for Writing Specialized Documents. Writings in Context: Lyndon Johnson, Letter to Ho Chi Minh, April 1967. Molly Ivins, A Short Story About the Vietnam War Memorial. Strategies for Establishing Context. E-Writing: Exploring Writing Context Online. E-Sources. Web Site: The Writing Context. 4. Critical Thinking: Seeing With a Writer''s Eye. What Is Critical Thinking? Strategies for Increasing Critical Thinking. Common Errors in Critical Thinking. Critical Thinking Checklist. E-Writing: Exploring Critical Thinking Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Critical Thinking. 5. Prewriting Strategies: Getting Started. What Is Prewriting? Prewriting Strategies. Strategies for Prewriting. E-Writing: Exploring Prewriting Strategies Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Prewriting Strategies. 6. Developing a Thesis. What Is a Thesis? Elements of a Thesis Statement. Locating the Thesis. Explicit, Evolving, and Implied Theses. Strategies for Developing Thesis Statements. E-Writing: Evaluating Thesis Statements Online. E-Sources. Web site: Developing a Thesis. 7. Supporting a Thesis. What Is Support? Strategies for Using Statistics. Documenting Sources. Strategies for Thinking Critically about Evidence. E-Writing: Examining Evidence Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Supporting a Thesis. 8. Organizing Ideas. What Is Organization? Informal and Formal Outlines. Writing Titles and Introductions. Organizing Bodies. Writing Conclusions. Moving from Prewriting to Planning. Planning Checklist. Strategies for Overcoming Problems in Organization. E-Writing: Exploring Organization Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Organizing Ideas. 9. Developing Paragraphs. What Are Paragraphs? Paragraph Style. Strategies for Developing Paragraphs. E-Writing: Exploring Paragraph Development Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Developing Paragraphs. 10. Writing the First Draft. What Is a First Draft? Strategies for Writing the First Draft. Avoiding Plagiarism. Making Writing Decisions. Moving from Plan to First Draft. Strategies for Overcoming Problems in the First Draft. E-Writing: Exploring Writing Decisions Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Writing the First Draft. 11. Revising and Rewriting. What Is Revision? Developing a Revising Style. Strategies for Revising. Strategies for Peer Review. Revising Elements of the First Draft. Improving Paragraphs. Revising the First Draft. Strategies for Overcoming Problems in Revising. E-Writing: Exploring Revision Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Revising. 12. Editing and Proofreading. What Are Editing and Proofreading? Strategies for Editing. Common Grammar Errors. Strategies for Proofreading. Common Mechanical Errors. Strategies for Overcoming Problems in Editing and Proofreading. E-Writing: Examining Editing Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Editing and Proofreading. PART II: WRITING IN THE INFORMATION AGE. 13. Analyzing Visuals: Seeing with a "Writers Eye". Photographs, Film, and Video. Perspective and Contrast. Context. Timing and Duplication. Manipulating Images. Gender and Cultural Issues. Perception and Analysis. Strategies for Analyzing Visual Images. Captions. Strategies for Analyzing Captions. The History of an Image: Flag Raising on Iwo Jima. Graphics. Strategies for Analyzing Graphics. E-Reading: Exploring Visual Images Online. E-Sources. 14. Writing With Visuals. Visuals and the Writing Context. The Role of Visuals. Types of Visuals. Strategies for Using Photographs. Strategies for Using Tables, Graphs, and Charts. Captions. Strategies for Writing Captions. Understanding Fair Use. Strategies for Using Visuals in College Writing. E-Writing: Exploring Images Online. E-Sources. 15. Business and Professional Writing. What Is Business and Professional Writing? Email. Strategies for Writing E-Mail. Resumes and Cover Letters. Strategies for Writing Resumes. Cover Letters. Strategies for Writing Cover Letters. Business and Professional Reports. Strategies for Successful Business and Professional Writing. E-Writing: Exploring Business and Professional Writing Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Business and Professional Writing. 16. Special Writing Contexts. What Are Special Writing Contexts? Collaborative Writing. Strategies for Collaborative Writing. Online Writing Groups. Strategies for Online Writing Groups. Writing as the Representative of Others. Strategies for Writing as a Representative. Broadcasting to Mass Audiences. Strategies for Writing to Mass Audiences. Writing to Multiple Readers. Strategies for Writing to Multiple Readers. Giving Oral Presentations. Strategies for Giving Oral Presentations. Giving Multimedia Presentations. Strategies for Giving Multimedia Presentations. E-Reading: Exploring Special Writing Contexts Online. Web Site: Special Writing Contexts. Part III: THE READER. 17. Becoming a Critical Reader: Reading with a "Writer''s Eye". What Is Critical Reading? How to Read With a Writer''s Eye. Emily Prager, Our Barbies, Ourselves. Using the Reader. Strategies for Critical Reading. E-Writing: Exploring Reading Online. E-Sources. Web Site: Critical Reading. 18. Description: Presenting Impressions. What Is Description? Strategies for Writing Description. Student Paper: "My Bug". Suggested Topics for Writing Description. Strategies for Reading Description. Jonathan Schell, Letter From Ground Zero (annotated). InfoTrac E-Readings: The War On Terrorism. Daniel. C. Maguire, When I Boarded the Midwest Express to Washington, D.C. on September 11th. Charles Krauthammer, Only in Their Dreams: Why is the "Arab Street" Silent? Because a Radical Muslim Fantasy Has Met Reality. Caryle Murphy, The War on Terrorism: Why It Will Be a Long One. Husain Haggani, The American Mongols: To Win the War Against Terrorism, the United States Must Overcome the Burden of History. Caryle Murphy, The War on Terrorism: Why It Will Be a Long One. Tariq Karim, Terrorism: Addressing its Root Causes. Howard Zinn, Operation Enduring War. Susan Sontag, How Grief Turned Into Humbug: Real War Has a Beginning and an End. Bush''s Endless "War on Terrorism" Stops Thought and Releases US from All Bounds of Its Conduct. Fareed Zakaria, How We Can Prevail: New Hope: Defeating Terror Requires Muslim Help--And Much More Than a Force of Arms. Truman Capote, Out There. Chris Hedges, Gaza Diary. Carl T. Rowan, Unforgettable Miss Bessie. Blending the Modes. E. B. White, Once More to the Lake. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Target Want Ad. Responding to Images. Description Checklist. Web Site: Description. 19. Narration: Relating Events. What Is Narration? Chronology. Strategies for Writing Narration. Student Paper: "Spare Change". Suggested Topics for Writing Narration. Strategies for Reading Narration. Samuel Scudder, Take This Fish and Look at It (annotated). Ramon "Tianguis" Perez, The Fender-Bender. Maya Angelou, Champion of the World. James Dillard, A Doctors Dilemma. InfoTrac E-Readings: The Healthcare Crisis. Katherine Baicker; Amitabh Chandra, Defensive Medicine and Disappearing Doctors? Leo Boyle, The Truth About Medical Malpractice. David R. Francis, Why the Healthcare Crisis Wont Go Away. Health & Medicine Week, Auto Manufacturers Say U.S. Must Solve Healthcare Crisis. Dan Frosch, Your Money or Your Life: When Getting Sick Means Going Broke. Linda Stern, Money: Grown Up and Uninsured. Bryant Quinn, Our 'Kindness Deficit of Care: We Ration Health Care, Harshly, By Income and Price. Milton Friedman, How to Cure Health Care. Liz Halloran, Of Life and Death. Jeff Chu, What If It Happens in Your Family? Blending the Modes. George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Walter Lord, The Reconstructed Logbook of the Titanic. Responding to Images. Narration Checklist. Web Site: Narration. 20. Example: Presenting Illustrations. What Is Example? Purpose: To Inform or Persuade. Extended Examples. Enumerated Examples. Hypothetical Examples. Factual Examples. Strategies for Writing Example. Student Paper: "Guerrilla Entrepreneur". Suggested Topics for Writing Example. Strategies for Reading Example. Anna Quindlen, Homeless (annotated). Joe Rodriguez, Mexicans Deserve More Than La Mordida. *Jose Antonio Burciaga, My Ecumenical Father. InfoTrac E-Readings: Fatherhood. Patricia Fry, Fathers in America - Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. David Popenoe, A World Without Fathers. Jane Eisner, Where Are the Fathers? Martin Davis, Turning the Hearts of Deadbeat Dads. Judith Davidoff, The Fatherhood Industry. Stephen Baskerville, Is There Really a Fatherhood Crisis?Quassan T. Castro, My Father, No Show. Israel Maldonado, Im Not a Deadbeat Dad. Rickie Windle, Dad Deeper Than Genetics. Blending the Modes. Tony Brown, Death of a Dream. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Covenant House, Covenant House Needs Your Help. Responding to Images. Example Checklist. Web Site: Example. 21. Definition: Establishing Meaning. What Is Definition? Methods of Definition. Strategies for Writing Definition. Student Paper: "Disneyland Dads". Suggested Topics for Writing Definition. Strategies for Reading Definition. Eileen Simpson, Dyslexia (annotated). Janice Castro, with Dan Cook and Cristina Garcia, Spanglish. *John Ciardi, What is Happiness? Blending the Modes. Marie Winn, TV Addiction. InfoTrac E-Readings: Overcoming TV Addiction. Video Age International, Television Anonymous (Glued to the Tube: The Threat of Television Addiction to Today''s Family). John Taylor Gatto, Swap Virtual Lives for Real Ones. Dimitri Christakis, Television Watching and Shortened Attention Spans. Franklin T. Thompson & William P. Austin, Television Viewing and Academic Achievement Revisited. Kirsestin Karamarkovrich Morello, Think Outside the Box: How to Turn Off the TV and Take Back Your Family Life. Ann Vorisek White, Breaking Out of the Box. Turn Off TV. Turn on Life. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Don Rosenberg, What is Depression? Responding to Images. Definition Checklist. Web Site: Definition. 22. Comparison and Contrast: Indicating Similarities and Differences. What Is Comparison and Contrast? Selecting Topics for Comparison and Contrast Papers. Strategies for Writing Comparison and Contrast. Student Paper: "Parallel States: Israel and Ireland". Suggested Topics for Writing Comparison and Contrast. Strategies for Reading Comparison and Contrast. Yi-Fu Tuan, Chinese Space, American Space (annotated). Bruce Catton, Grant and Lee. *A Fable for Tomorrow. Blending the Modes. Azadeh Moaveni, Maman and America. InfoTrac E-Readings: The Immigration Debate. Mario Cuomo, The American Dream and the Politics of Inclusion: Our Society Must Resist Those Who Would Close Our Doors to Future Immigrants. Robert J. Bresler, Immigration: The Sleeping Time Bomb. Christopher Gray, Alien Nation: Common Sense About Americas Immigration Disaster. Robert Samuelson, The Hard Truth of Immigration: No Society Has a Boundless Capacity to Accept Newcomers, Especially When Many of Them Are Poor and Unskilled Workers. Peter Duignan, Do Immigrants Benefit America? Stanley Crouch, Just Say No for a While to Immigration. August Gribbin, Flow of Illegals "Inevitable": A Mexican Agency Predicts That the Mexican-born U.S. Population Will at Least Double, up to 18 Million, by the Year 2030. Charlie Leduff, Los Angeles County Weighs Cost of Illegal Immigration. Steven Camarota, Our New Immigration Predicament. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Peggy Kenna and Sondra Lacy, Communications Styles: United States and Taiwan. Responding to Images. Comparison and Contrast Checklist. Web Site: Comparison. 23. Process: Explaining How Things Work and Giving Directions. What Is Process? Strategies for Writing Explanations. Giving Directions. Strategies for Writing Directions. Student Paper: "Securing Your Home". Suggested Topics for Writing Process. Strategies for Reading Process. Mortimer Adler, How to Mark a Book (annotated). Armond Budish, Fender Benders: Do''s and Don''ts. *Marvin Harris, How Our Skins Got Their Color. Davidyne Mayleas, How to Land the Job You Want. InfoTrac E-Readings: The Job Market. Pamela M. McBride, Self-Assessment: Knowing Yourself and What You Want to Do. Careers & Colleges, 10 Job-Hunting Mistakes and How Not to Make Them. United Press International, Top 20 Mistakes in Writing Resumes. Patient Care Management, Top Questions Asked at Job Interviews.The New York Times, More Jobs, Worse Work. Jyoti Thottam, Where The Good Jobs Are Going: Forget Sweat Shops. U.S. Companies Are Now Shifting High-Wage Work Overseas, Especially to India. Jerry J. Jasinowski, Manufacturing Is In Crisis. Sean Gregory, Five Jobs for Our Shores: Afraid of Outsourcing?Here are Some Growing Fields That Wont Be Farmed Out to Overseas Workers. Lou Dobbs, Disorganized Labor. InfoWorld, Off The Record: The Myth of Job Security. The Economist (US), The Conundrum of the Glass Ceiling: Women in Business. Blending The Modes. Malcolm X, My First Conk. Writing Beyond the Classroom. How to Lease a Car with an Option to Buy. Responding to Images. Process Checklist. Web Site: Process. 24. Division and Classification: Separating Into Parts And Rating Categories. What Are Division and Classification? Division. Strategies for Writing Division. Classification. Strategies for Writing Classification. Student Paper: "Hispanics on Campus". Suggested Topics for Writing Division and Classification. Strategies for Reading and Division and Classification. Russell Baker, The Plot Against People (annotated). John Holt, Three Kinds of Discipline. *Stephanie Ericsson, The Ways We Lie. InfoTrac E-Readings: Ethics. Stephen Goode, A Historian Who Lies About His Own Past. Jet, Are Lies More Believable Than the Truth? Peter H. Schuck, Free to Lie. Reilly Dowd, The Great Pretender: How a Writer Fooled His Readers. Jean-Paul Louisot, The Implications of "Could I?" Jeffrey Kluger, Pumping Up Your Past: High-Profile Scandals Expose a Growing Problem: More and More Employees Are Fibbing to Get the Job. Paul Johnson, Lies, Damned Lies, Government Statements and What You Read in the Papers. Lisa Snell, How Schools Cheat: From Underreporting Violence to Inflating Graduation Rates to Fudging Test Scores, Educators are Lying to the American Public. Nahal Toosi, Internet Gives Rise to Bold New Era in College-Student Cheating. Patrick McCormick, Cheaters Never Win: Cheating Has Taken Hold of Our Culture, and Were All the Worse for It. Blending the Modes. Martin Luther King, Ways of Meeting Oppression. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Black''s Law Dictionary. Responding to Images. Division and Classification Checklist. Web Site: Division and Classification. 25. Cause and Effect: Determining Reasons and Measuring Results. What Is Cause and Effect? Strategies for Writing Cause and Effect. Student Paper: "Why Do They Hate Us?" Suggested Topics for Writing Cause and Effect. Strategies for Reading Cause and Effect. John Brooks, The Effects of the Telephone (annotated). *Norman Cousins, Who Killed Benny Paret. John Taylor Gatto, Why Schools Don''t Educate. InfoTrac E-Readings: Public Schools. Gregory Shafer, Whats Literacy Got To Do With It?Mike Kennedy, Charter Schools: Threat or Boon to Public Schools?Jonathan Kozol, Malign Neglect. Blake Hurst, End of an Illusion.Gregory Kent, Celebrating Mediocrity? How Schools Shortchange Gifted Students. Lisa Snell, Special Education Confidential: How Schools Use the "Learning Disability" Label to Cover Up Their Failures. Joe Klein, How the Teachers Killed the Dream. Jodie Morse, Learning While Black. Damon Moore, "Hold Us to Higher Standards". Brent Staples, Black Men and Public Space. Blending The Modes. William F. Buckley, Don''t Blame Violence on the Tube. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Thomas Jefferson, et al, The Declaration of Independence. Responding to Images. Cause and Effect Checklist. Web Site: Cause and Effect. 26. Argument and Persuasion: Influencing Readers. What Is Argument and Persuasion? Persuasive Appeals. Blending Appeals. Logic. Persuasion and Audience. Appealing to Hostile Readers. Strategies for Writing Argument and Persuasion. Student Paper: "Why a Black Student Union?" Suggested Topics for Writing and Persuasion. Strategies for Reading Argument and Persuasion. Opposing Viewpoints: Ethnic Identity. Armando Rendon, Kiss of Death (annotated). Barbara Ehrenreich, Cultural Baggage. Opposing Viewpoints: The Abuse Defense. Alan M. Dershowitz, The "Abuse Excuse" is Detrimental to the Justice System. Leslie Abramson, The Abuse Defense Balances the Justice System. InfoTrac E-readings: The Criminal Justice System. Anna Quindlen, Lights, Camera, Justice For All: Let the Sunshine In: TelevisionCameras Should be Permitted in Court so the Public Can Be There, Too. Felicity Barringer, Lawyers Are Divided on Cameras in the Courtroom. Leonard Post, Citing Low Pay, Lawyers Refuse Indigent Cases. Elizabeth Palmberg, Seeing Green: Why the Penal System Isnt Colorblind. Martin L. Haines, Psst, Jurors: You Have the Power to Nullify. Paul Butler, Black Jurors: Right to Acquit? National Catholic Reporter, Flawed Prison System Hurts Us All. Bob Herbert, Trapped in the System. Adam Liptak, You Think DNA Evidence is Foolproof? Try Again.Thomas N. Faust, Shift the Responsibility of Untreated Mental Illness Out the Criminal Justice System. Opposing Viewpoints: Reparations for Slavery. Manning Marable, An Idea Whose Time Has Come. Shelby Steele, A Childish Illusion. Blending the Modes. Anna Quindlen, Uncle Sam and Aunt Samantha. Writing Beyond the Classroom. Americas Second Harvest, Childhood Hunger in the United States. Responding to Images. Argument and Persuasion Checklist. Web Site: Argument and Persuasion. PART IV. WRITING IN COLLEGE. 27. The Essay Examination. What Are Essay Exams? Strategies for Studying for Essay Exams. Strategies for Writing the Essay Examination. Sample Questions and Essays. E-Sources. Web Site: The Essay Examination. 28. Writing About Literature. What Is Literature? Strategies for Reading Literature. Questions for Literary Analysis. Strategies for Writing About Literature. Writing About Fiction: Wolfgang Borchert, The Bread. Student Essay: "Denial". Writing About Poetry. Strategies for Writing About Poetry. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory. Emily Dickinson, My Life Had Stood--A Loaded Gun. Student Essay: "One Calm Summer Night". Writing About Drama. Strategies for Writing About Drama. Clifford Odets, scene from Paradise Lost. Literary Paper Checklist. E-Reading: Using Literary Resources Online. Web Site: Writing About Literature. Part V: THE RESEARCH PAPER. 29. Conducting Research. What Is Research? Conducting Research: An Overview. Strategies for Selecting a Topic. Conduct Preliminary Research. Strategies for Conducting Preliminary Research. E-Research--Conducting Research Online. Limit the Topic and Develop a Working Thesis. Create a Timeline. Collect and Evaluate Relevant Evidence. E-Research--Using Databases. Selecting and Evaluating Sources. Strategies for Selecting and Evaluating Sources. Strategies for Overcoming Problems with Research. Primary Research. Research Checklist. Web Site: Research. 30. Writing the Research Paper. What Is a Research Paper? Refine Your Thesis and Develop an Outline. Strategies for Developing an Outline. Writing the Research Paper. Strategies for Using Sources. Guidelines for Using Direct Quotations. Strategies for Citing Sources. Exceptions for Citing Sources. Strategies for Revising and Editing Research Papers. Documentation Styles. The MLA Style. Strategies for Writing Parenthetical Notes. Strategies for Writing a Works Cited Page. Guidelines for Listing Sources in Works Cited and Parenthetical Notes. Sample Research Paper Using MLA Style: "The Role of Nature in Orwell''s Nineteen Eighty-Four". E-Research: Using MLA Resources online. The APA Style. Strategies for Writing Parenthetical Notes. Strategies for Writing a References Page. Guidelines for Listing Sources in References and Parenthetical Notes. Sample Research Paper Using APA Style: "Feeding Frenzy: Journalism and Justice in the Leopold and Loeb Case". E-Research: Using APA Resources Online. Research Paper Checklist. E-Sources. Web Site: The Research Paper. Part VI: GRAMMAR AND HANDBOOK. 31. Grammar. What Is Grammar? Parts of Speech. Understanding Parts of Speech. Strategies for Determining Parts of Speech. Phrases and Clauses. Sentences. Grammar Review. Web Site: Grammar. 32. The Handbook. Strategies for Using the Handbook. Contents. Sentence Problems. Strategies for Detecting and Revising Fragments. Strategies for Detecting and Revising Run-ons and Comma Splices. Strategies for Detecting and Revising Faulty Parallelism. Strategies for Revising Sentence Problems. Agreement. Strategies for Overcoming Problems with Subject-Verb Agreement. Strategies for Avoiding Sexism in Pronoun Use. Companion Web Site: Agreement. Verbs. Strategies for Using Verb Tense. Pronouns. Strategies for Using Pronouns. Strategies for Using Proper Case. Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers. Strategies to Detect Dangling Modifiers. Companion Web Site: Modifiers. Adjectives and Adverbs. Strategies for Using Adjectives and Adverbs. Companion Web Site: Adjectives and Adverbs. Punctuation. Strategies for Eliminating Unnecessary Commas. Web Site: Commas. Semicolon. Web Site: Semicolons. Colon. Quotation Marks. Web Site: Quotation Marks. Apostrophe. Web Site: Apostrophes. Ellipsis. Parentheses. Mechanics. Web Site: Capitalization. Strategies for Improving Spelling. Web Site: Spelling. Appendix. Commonly Confused Words. Essay Topics. Commonly Misspelled Words. Credits. Index.