The Supreme Court of the United States: A Student Companion


This completely revised and updated edition contains a complete, A-to-Z encyclopedia of the Supreme Court, its history, and current operations. Updates to the third edition include: New articles on recent landmark cases such as American Library Association v. United States (concerning enactment and enforcement of the Children's Internet Protection Act), Bush v. Gore (concerning the contested 2000 Presidential election), Grutter v. Bollinger (concerning the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of...
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This completely revised and updated edition contains a complete, A-to-Z encyclopedia of the Supreme Court, its history, and current operations. Updates to the third edition include: New articles on recent landmark cases such as American Library Association v. United States (concerning enactment and enforcement of the Children's Internet Protection Act), Bush v. Gore (concerning the contested 2000 Presidential election), Grutter v. Bollinger (concerning the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of Michigan's law school), and Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (regarding school voucher programs), New articles on the fundamental rights doctrine, national security and liberty, the preferred freedoms doctrine, and strict scrutiny, Expanded articles on abortion rights, affirmative action, capital punishment, federalism, property rights, religion clauses of the 1st Amendment-and many more, Completely updated appendices and charts, New list of websites and additional resources for further reading.

The Companion also provides: Biographical sketches of all 110 justices, including the newest appointees, John J. Roberts Jr. and Samuel A. Alito Jr., Detailed discussions of more than 100 landmark Supreme Court cases, Definitions of legal terms and phrases associated with the Court's operations, Essays on key topics and issues in American constitutional law.

About the Author:
John J. Patrick is a professor emeritus of education and former director of the Social Studies Development Center at Indiana University

An alphabetically arranged, illustrated guide to the Supreme Court, including biographical articles on all the justices, summaries and analysis of key decisions and major cases, and definitions of legal terms.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"The clean, graphic layout of the pages and isolated, easy-to-find page headings contribute greatly to readability. In addition to thorough coverage, what sets this volume apart from other reference materials is the liberal use of pertinent photographs, political cartoons, and replicas of primary documents, courtroom sketches, woodcut illustrations, flow charts, chronologies, and maps. Three appendixes offer terms of the justices, a schematic of the Supreme Court and visitor's information, and Web sites, while further reading suggestions complete this useful encyclopedia. The inclusion of so many illustrations makes this a welcome and necessary addition to every high school library. Highly recommended."-Lori Robinson, March 2007 Library Media Conection, starred review

Children's Literature
The United States Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in the land. Decisions rendered by the men and women who sat on the Supreme Court bench continue to influence the daily lives of millions of people. Thus, it is important that students investigate the operation of this august legal body. Here, in the Oxford University Press's encyclopedic look at the Supreme Court, readers are presented with a great gift of knowledge. For example, readers of this information-packed book will meet Felix Frankfurter who came to the United States in 1894 at age twelve. Frankfurter came from a Jewish immigrant family from Vienna and became the first naturalized American citizen to achieve an appointment to the Supreme Court. In a strange twist of fate, in 1960 Justice Frankfurter refused to hire a young woman by the name of Ruth Bader Ginsburg as his law clerk. Justice Frankfurter felt uncomfortable working with a female clerk and thus rejected her application. In 1993, Ruth Bader Ginsburg was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Clinton and became the second woman to hold that position. It is stories such as these that enhance this wonderful book. Readers with an interest in the law, American history, or governance will find this publication both a useful resource tool and a book that will engage their interest. 2001, Oxford University Press, $45.00. Ages 12 up. Reviewer: Greg M. Romaneck
The three hefty volumes in the updated Oxford Student Companions to American Government series discuss the three branches of federal government in the United States. Ranging from coverage of core concepts, such as federalism, the right to privacy, and separation of powers, to a review of significant Supreme Court decisions (including eight new full-case treatments), The Supreme Court provides a wealth of information about all aspects of the judicial branch. Articles are arranged alphabetically and include ample see-also references. Entries cover biographies; decisions; concepts; ideas and issues; legal terms and phrases; procedures, practices, and personnel; and the Supreme Court buildings. Individual case articles include the judges' votes; who wrote the majority opinion; who, if anyone, joined with a concurring opinion; and who, if anyone, dissented. Case articles also provide background information, the court's opinion and legal reasoning, dissenting opinions and the reason for them, and the significance of the case in constitutional law and history. Of particular use for homework assignments is the annotated guide to Web sites on the federal judiciary and decisions of the Supreme Court and an appendix containing a listing of the terms of the Supreme Court justices. Black-and-white photographs and illustrations are scattered throughout the straightforward, concise text, which is written appropriately for the junior and senior high school reader. This series provides an excellent starting point for junior high and high school students doing research and is up-to-date as of the start of the 107th Congress in January 2001. Index. Illus. Photos. Charts. Further Reading. Appendix. 2001,Oxford University Press, 398p. PLB
— Cindy Lombardo
VOYA - Cindy Lombardo
This edition of the compendium offers a wealth of material. Patrick provides biographical information about the chief and associate justices, along with detailed descriptions of more than one hundred of the most historically significant and often-controversial cases heard by the Supreme Court. Explanations of core concepts, including due process of law, judicial review, and separation of powers, related to constitutionalism and decision making on the part of the Court, are easily comprehensible. Objectively written essays cover a multitude of ideas and issues ranging from abortion, capital punishment, and juvenile justice to freedom of the press, property rights, and religion. Concise explanations of legal terms and phrases; information about the procedures, practices, and personnel involved with the operation of the Supreme Court; and fascinating details about the Supreme Court building itself are also presented. Helpful features include extensive suggestions for further reading, pertinent Web sites, and an appendix listing the terms of the Supreme Court Justices. Although insufficient for advanced or detailed research, this resource offers an excellent starting point for junior and high school students in search of basic information related to the highest court in the land.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195309256
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 8/3/2006
  • Series: Oxford Student Companions to American Go
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 416
  • Age range: 11 years
  • Product dimensions: 11.00 (w) x 8.80 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

John J. Patrick is a Professor Emeritus of Education and Director of Social Studies Development Center at Indiana University.

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition     7
How to Use this Book     8
The Supreme Court of the United States: A Student Companion     11
Terms of the Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court     395
Visiting the Supreme Court Building     399
Websites     400
Further Reading     402
Index     406
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