The Three-Minute Classroom Walk-Through: Changing School Supervisory Practice One Teacher at a Time

Hardcover (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $65.77
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 20%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (9) from $65.77   
  • New (6) from $65.77   
  • Used (3) from $82.94   


Change to a supervision method that impacts student achievement by cultivating self-reliant teachers who are continuously improving their practice.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Edward Chevallier
"The book is easy to read and easy to understand. The information is practical and provides an excellent resource for administrators who are truly interested in improving instruction."
Edward Chevallier
"The book is easy to read and easy to understand. The information is practical and provides an excellent resource for administrators who are truly interested in improving instruction."
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780761929666
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 4/20/2004
  • Series: 1-Off Series
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Meet the Author

Carolyn J. Downey is professor emeritus of educational leadership in the College of Education at San Diego State University. She formerly was the superintendent for the Kyrene School District, Phoenix-Tempe, Arizona. Downey has written several books and numerous articles. She is the author of the training program "The Three-Minute Walk-Through and Reflective Feedback for Higher Student Achievement." Her most recent book with Betty E. Steffy, William K. Poston Jr., and Fenwick W. English is 50 Ways to Close the Achievement Gap. She was the major architect of the CMSI Individual School Audit using the 50 Characteristics for Higher Student Achievement. She is the author of several of the Principal-Teacher Series for Higher Student Achievement training materials. She received her MS from the University of Southern California and her PhD from Arizona State University.

Betty E. Steffy is a retired professor of educational leadership and policy studies at Iowa State University. She formerly was a dean of a School of Education at a regional campus of Purdue University and served as deputy superintendent of instruction in the Kentucky Department of Education. She served as a superintendent of schools in New Jersey and as a director of curriculum for a regional educational agency in Pennsylvania. She created the professional development model entitled Life Cycle of the Career Teacher. She is the author/coauthor of ten books in education and numerous articles and symposium papers at UCEA and AERA. She earned her BA, MAT, and EdD from the University of Pittsburgh.

Fenwick W. English (Ph.D.) is the R. Wendell Eaves Senior Distinguished Professor of Educational Leadership in the School of Education at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a position he has held since 2001. As a scholar/practitioner he has held positions as a school principal and superintendent of schools in California and New York and as a department chair, dean, and vice-chancellor of academic affairs at universities in Ohio and Indiana. He is the former President of the University Council of Educational Administration (UCEA) and of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA). His research has been reported in national and international academic forums. He edited the 2006 SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership and Administration, the 2009 SAGE Library of Educational Thought and Practice: Educational Leadership and Administration; and the 2011 SAGE Handbook of Educational Leadership (2nd Ed.). In 2013, he received the Living Legend Award from NCPEA for his lifetime contribution to the field of educational leadership.

Larry E. Frase was professor and department chair of educational leadership in the College of Education at San Diego State University. He was a former superintendent of schools of the Catalina Foothills District in Tucson, Arizona, and is the author, coauthor, or editor of 23 books and 80 professional journal articles. His books include Top Ten Myths in Education; School Management by Wandering Around; and Teacher Compensation and Motivation. He is also coauthor of Walk-Throughs and Reflective Feedback for Higher Student Achievement. He has presented papers at AERA and UCEA. He is a senior lead auditor, having led curriculum audits of 32 school systems, including Oakland, California, and Baltimore, Maryland. Frase earned his EdD at Arizona State University.

Learn more about William Poston's PD offerings

William K. Poston Jr. is an Emeritus Professor of educational leadership and policy studies at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, where he served for 17 years. A former math and physics teacher, he accumulated 25 years of experience in educational administration including 15 years as a superintendent in Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona, and in Billings, Montana. His experience includes serving as executive director of the Iowa School Business Management Academy—the licensure program for school business managers in Iowa—for 15 years. He is the originator of curriculum-driven budgeting, and he has led over 75 curriculum audits. Poston has written 13 books and over 40 journal articles and continues to provide extensive service to schools in the areas of evaluation, curriculum management auditing, performance-based budgeting, and organizational quality improvement.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

About the Authors
1. Understanding the Rationale Underlying the Walk-Through and Reflective Practice Approach
What is the Downey Walk-Through?
Why Walk-Throughs?
The Evolution of the Downey Walk-Through Process
2. Conducting the Walk-Through Observation: A Five-Step Process
The Five-Step Observation Structure
Step 1: Student Orientation to Work
Step 2: Curricular Decision Points
Step 3: Instructional Decision Points
Step 4: "Walk the Walls" - Curricular and Instructional Decisions
Step 5: Safety and Health Issues
3. Moving Staff to Reflective Inquiry: Focusing on the Reflective Question and Conversation
How Do We Provide Direct Feedback?
The Note
A Better Approach-Discussion
Direct Feedback Statement and Conversation
How Do We Provide Indirect Opportunities for Reflective Inquiry?
How Do We Ask Reflective Questions and Carry On the Conversation?
How Do We Ask Reflective Questions and Carry On the Conversation?
The Reflective Conversation
4. Constructing a Taxonomy of Reflective Questions and Their Use in the Classroom Walk-
The Novice/Apprentice
The Professional Teacher
The Expert Teacher
Limitations of the Taxonomy
5. Establishing Logistical Procedures for Implementing the Walk-Through Process
Finding the Time
Preparing Staff, Students, and Parents
Record Keeping
Board Policy to Support Walk-Throughs
6. Cultivating the Culture: Effectuating Change that Works
Lessons Learned About Change in Educational Cultures
Challenges and Barriers to Change
Deciding When to Intervene: The Marginal Teacher
Examples of Successful Implementation: Making the Walk-Through Process Work
Salinas Union High School District, California
Norman Public Schools, Norman, Oklahoma
Durham and Simco County School Boards, Ontario, Canada
Napa Valley Schools, Napa Valley, California
Shawnee Mission School District, Shawnee Mission, Kansas
Columbia-Brazoria Independent School District, Texas
San Leandro Unified School District, California
San Benito County, California, County Office of Education
Cultivating the Culture: A Final Word
7. Using the Walk-Through Process to Promote a Collaborative, Reflective Culture
Early History
Developmental Supervision and Mentoring
The Teacher as an Adult Learner
Promoting Development
8. Determining Whether Walk-Throughs Are the Right Stuff
Background and History of Management by Wandering Around
Why Are Both a Research and a Theory Base Needed Before Adopting An Innovation?
The MBWA Research Results
The Walk-Through with Reflective Question Research
9. Understanding the Walk-Through as a Discursive Practice
Examining the Dimensions of the Walk-Through
Changing the Discursive Practice of "Corrective" Supervision
Some Issues With the Model
A Pause to Consider Your Specific Situation
Troubleshooting Problems with the Downey Walk-Through
10. Linking the Walk-Through Process to a Model of Teacher Growth
Walk-Throughs and the Teacher Growth Model
The Model
Transformative Learning as it Relates to the Model
Organizational Learning and Transformation
Providing Feedback Conversation for Growth
Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)