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* Regulation of the international trade in wildlife is failing: Why?
* How do we stop more and more plant and animal species from being endangered?
* Leading authorities in the field show why it is not working and what needs to be done
The regulation of the trade in wildlife is failing: increasing numbers of plant and animal species are threatened with extinction despite improvements in our understanding and the management of global trade. Understanding why, and what to do about it, is urgently needed.
This book provides a critical assessment of how the trade in wildlife is currently regulated and how those regulations are enforced. Through analysis of case studies and comparisons with the trade in other illegal goods, it shows what the weaknesses are, where the system is failing and what must be done if conservation efforts are to be supported by trade regulations, and not undermined.
|List of Acronyms and Abbreviations|
|List of Figures, Tables and Boxes|
|About the Contributors|
|1||The nature and extent of legal and illegal trade in wildlife||3|
|2||What is the goal of regulating wildlife trade? Is regulation a good way to achieve this goal?||23|
|4||Regulation, conservation and incentives||41|
|5||Control and the Holy Grail||52|
|Pt. 2||Systems of regulation and enforcement|
|6||Compliance and enforcement mechanisms of CITES||63|
|7||The European Community wildlife trade regulations||70|
|8||Evolution, impact and effectiveness of domestic wildlife trade bans in India||78|
|Pt. 3||Case studies|
|9||Regulation and protection: successes and failures in rhinoceros conservation||89|
|10||Elephant poaching and resource allocation for law enforcement||100|
|11||Crocodiles: legal trade snaps back||108|
|12||Regulation of the timber trade||121|
|13||Bushmeat: traditional regulation or adaptation to market forces||132|
|14||The impact of the proposal to list devil's claw on Appendix II of CITES||146|
|15||The need for a better understanding of context when applying CITES regulations: the case of an Indonesian parrot - Tanimbar corella||153|
|Pt. 4||Lessons from illegal trade in other goods|
|16||Lessons from the control of the illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances, timber and fisheries||163|
|17||The controlled trade in drugs||179|
|18||Lessons from the trade in illicit antiquities||184|
|Conclusions: Looking ahead - international wildlife trade regulation and enforcement||196|