The Transformation of Central Asia: States and Societies from Soviet Rule to Independence / Edition 1

The Transformation of Central Asia: States and Societies from Soviet Rule to Independence / Edition 1

by Pauline Jones Luong
     
 

ISBN-10: 0801488427

ISBN-13: 9780801488429

Pub. Date: 12/15/2003

Publisher: Cornell University Press

With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, former Communist Party leaders in Central Asia were faced with the daunting task of building states where they previously had not existed — Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Their task was complicated by the institutional and ideological legacy of the Soviet system as well as by a more…  See more details below

Overview

With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, former Communist Party leaders in Central Asia were faced with the daunting task of building states where they previously had not existed — Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Their task was complicated by the institutional and ideological legacy of the Soviet system as well as by a more actively engaged international community. These nascent states inherited a set of institutions that included bloated bureaucracies, centralized economic planning, and patronage networks. Some of these institutions survived, others have mutated, and new institutions have been created. Experts on Central Asia here examine the emerging relationship between state actors and social forces in the region. Through the prism of local institutions, the authors reassess both our understanding of Central Asia and of the state-building process more broadly. They scrutinize a wide array of institutional actors, ranging from regional governments and neighborhood committees to transnational and non-governmental organizations. With original empirical research and theoretical insight, the volume's contributors illuminate an obscure but resource-rich and strategically significant region.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780801488429
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
Publication date:
12/15/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
List of Acronyms
Introduction
Politics in the Periphery: Competing Views of Central Asia States and Societies1
Pt. 1The Retreat of the State: Women and the Social Sphere
1Between Women and the State: Mahalla Committees and Social Welfare in Uzbekistan29
2Women, Marriage, and the Nation-State: The Rise of Nonconsensual Bride Kidnapping in Post-Soviet Kazakhstan59
Pt. 2Linking State and Society: Culture and Language
3Cultural Elites in Uzbekistan: Ideological Production and the State93
4A Shrinking Reach of the State? Language Policy and Implementation in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan120
Pt. 3The State Against Itself: Central-Regional Relations
5The Limits of Centralization: Regional Challenges in Uzbekistan159
6Economic "Decentralization" in Kazakhstan: Causes and Consequences182
Pt. 4Redefining the State: Internal and External Forces
7The Civic Realm in Kyrgyzstan: Soviet Economic Legacies and Activists' Expectations213
8Beyond the State: Transnational Actors, NGOs, and Environmental Protection in Central Asia246
Conclusion: Central Asia's Contribution to Theories of the State271
List of Foreign Words283
Bibliography287
Contributors315
Index317

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