The Truth about the World: Basic Readings in Philosophy / Edition 2

The Truth about the World: Basic Readings in Philosophy / Edition 2

by James Rachels, Stuart Rachels
     
 

This collection of essays addresses some of the most important issues in philosophy, involving God, the mind, freedom, knowledge, and ethics. It can accompany James and Stuart Rachels' introductory text, Problems from Philosophy, or it can stand alone with great effectiveness. The Truth about the World and Problems from Philosophy are James Rachels' last contributions… See more details below

Overview

This collection of essays addresses some of the most important issues in philosophy, involving God, the mind, freedom, knowledge, and ethics. It can accompany James and Stuart Rachels' introductory text, Problems from Philosophy, or it can stand alone with great effectiveness. The Truth about the World and Problems from Philosophy are James Rachels' last contributions to philosophy, and each book has now been revised by his son, Stuart. In these two books, the respected author found a culminating expression for his love of philosophy.

The second edition of The Truth about the World includes: thirty-one essential readings drawn from classical and contemporary sources within the main branches of philosophy, each preceded by a brief note about the reading and the significance of its author. seven new readings, carefully selected for their clarity and accessibility, including "Socrates' Decision to Die," by Plato; "Why Doesn't God Intervene?" by B. C. Johnson; "Where Am I?" by Daniel C. Dennett; "Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness," by David Chalmers; and "The Lure of Radical Skepticism," by Michael Huemer, expanded coverage of the Design Argument with the addition of "The Fine-Tuning Argument" by Peter van Inwagen, and new material on ethical theory with the addition of James Rachels' discussion of Utilitarianism from The Elements of Moral Philosophy.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780073386614
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date:
11/05/2007
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
336
Product dimensions:
5.60(w) x 8.30(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     ix
Introduction   James Rachels     1
Plato
Socrates' Trial   Plato     7
Socrates' Decision to Die   Plato     32
Socrates' Question about Justice   Plato     45
God
Five Ways to Prove That God Exists   St. Thomas Aquinas     55
The Watch and the Watch-Maker   William Paley     63
The Fine-Tuning Argument   Peter van Inwagen     68
Why Doesn't God Intervene?   B. C. Johnson     83
The Problem of Evil   Michael L. Peterson     90
Why I Am Not a Christian   Bertrand Russell     99
You Bet Your Life: Pascal's Wager Defended   William Lycan   George Schlesinger     114
The Mind
Do We Survive Death?   Bertrand Russell     127
Split Brains and Personal Identity   Derek Parfit     132
Where Am I?   Daniel C. Dennett     141
The Mind-Brain Identity Theory   David Armstrong     156
Bat Sonar   Thomas Nagel     169
Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness   David Chalmers     173
The Myth of the Computer   John R. Searle     186
Freedom
Existentialism Is a Humanism   Jean-Paul Sartre     195
Compatibilism Defended   W. T. Stace     212
On Liberty   John Stuart Mill     219
Knowledge
Meditations I and II   Rene Descartes     225
Does Matter Exist?   George Berkeley     235
The Lure of Radical Skepticism   Michael Huemer     240
Reality   J. L. Austin     258
Ethics
Ethics and Human Feeling   David Hume     271
Our Sense of Right and Wrong   C. S. Lewis     275
Four Ethical Principles   Peter Singer     280
The Debate over Utilitarianism   James Rachels   Stuart Rachels     286
The Virtues   Martha C. Nussbaum     302
The Meaning of Life   Richard Taylor     314

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