The Twentieth Century: The History of the World, 1901 to 2000

The Twentieth Century: The History of the World, 1901 to 2000

by J. M. Roberts

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ISBN-10: 0140296565

ISBN-13: 9780140296563

Pub. Date: 12/01/2000

Publisher: Penguin Group (USA)

From J. M. Roberts, one of our greatest historians, comes an engrossing one-volume history of the extraordinary century we've just lived through. Going beyond a traditional chronological narrative of events, Roberts identifies the major long—term changes that underlie them, pointing in particular to worldwide increases in life expectancy; major advances in


From J. M. Roberts, one of our greatest historians, comes an engrossing one-volume history of the extraordinary century we've just lived through. Going beyond a traditional chronological narrative of events, Roberts identifies the major long—term changes that underlie them, pointing in particular to worldwide increases in life expectancy; major advances in science and technology; the radical reconfiguration of the global economy; the disappearance of empires; the decline of white hegemony; and the changing role of women.

"One of the most important stories of mankind—a work of great breadth, insight and historical empathy."—Paul Kennedy, The New York Times Book Review (front—page review)

"The most comprehensive, objective ...yet accessible history of the century yet published in English."—The Economist

Product Details

Penguin Group (USA)
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
5.64(w) x 8.38(h) x 1.65(d)

Table of Contents

List of Mapsxiii
Book 1The World of 1901: Inheritances
1By Way of Introduction3
Our century
The weight of the past
The different pasts of 1901
The 'civilized' world
Culture and hegemony
'One-half of the human species'
Ideas with a future
The scientific legacy
Movers and shakers
Human numbers
The world's wealth
States and governments
Non-western government
Islamic empires
The United States of America
Latin America
The international order: power and great powers
Potential for change
3The White Man's World82
Empire and imperialism
The European empires
Idealism, interests and imagination
Settlers and natives
Imperialism and international relations: the 'Scramble for Africa'
Asian and Pacific empire
The imperial United States
The South African war
4Shapes of Things to Come111
Long-term demography
The divisions of humanity
A century of growing wealth
An industrializing world
New technology
Medical science
Mass communication
Changing mentalities
Acceleration and integration
Book 2The Last Years of the European Ascendancy
5European Exceptionalism141
Privilege and unrest
Mass politics and nationalism
Constitutional governments
The German empire
Religion in European life
Tensions and strains
Women in Europe
6Europe as a System of Power175
International order
Alliances and entanglements
The dissatisfied and dangerous
The appearance of security
New alignments
Deepening divisions
Young Turks
Russia's changing stance
Agadir and after
The Balkan wars
7Challenges and Challengers in the Making207
Change and perceptions of change in Asia
The new Japan
The end of the Chinese empire
The European empires in the Far East
Indo-China and Indonesia
India under the Raj
India enters the twentieth century
Egypt and the end of Ottoman Africa
Ottoman empire east of Suez
New actors in the imperial drama
8The Great War and the Beginning of the Twentieth-century Revolution238
The last crisis
The end of an age
The Great War
The changing world
Revolutionary war
Triumphs of nationality
The Ottoman collapse
The end of the first German war
Book 3The End of the Old World Order
9A Revolutionary Peace271
The basis of settlement
The League
The international economy
Economic disorder in Europe
Democracy and nationality
Revolution and counter-revolution
The new Germany
International communism
The new Russian empire
A new autocracy
A world divided
10Years of Illusion304
A last flourish of empire
Kemal Ataturk
New currents in Europe's politics
An authoritarian wave
New uncertainties
The optimistic years
Locarno and after
An eastern enigma
The United States
Book 4World Revolution
11An Emerging Global History339
The world depression
Asia in the era of European civil war
The sequel to the Chinese revolution
The peace settlements and Asia
Chinese communism
Japanese dynamism
Civil war in China
The turning tide in India
The United States
Latin America
12The Path to World War378
The approach to the abyss
The Manchurian crisis
The China 'incident'
Indo-China and Indonesia between the wars
The German problem
Adolf Hitler
The German revolution
The crumbling balance of power
Ideology's contamination of international affairs
Towards a new German war: the Spanish Civil War
Hitler moves beyond the German lands
13The Second World War410
From Blitzkrieg to Barbarossa
German Europe
World war
The conflation of wars
Global conflict 1941-5
The meaning of victory
Book 5A New World
14Appearance and Reality435
Europe: amid the ruins
The framework of recovery
Great power realities
The Truman doctrine and the Marshall Plan
15The Cold War Unrolls457
Roots of conflict
The Berlin crisis and NATO
New nations: the beginnings of decolonization
Indian independence
The last throes of the Chinese revolution
Imperial realities in 1945
The running sore of the Ottoman Succession
Cold and hot war in Asia: Korea
Stalin's legacy
A divided Europe in a dividing world
16East Asia Reshaped494
After empire
The Indian sub-continent
The 'Third World'
The new China
China's re-emergence as a world power
The great steersman
Resurgent Japan
17Africa and the Near East: Old and New Problems521
Past history, new facts
Pre-independence Africa
The independence process in Black Africa
South Africa and Rhodesia
Disappointment and disillusion
Arab and Jew
The Egyptian revolution and after
Algerian independence
Book 6Shifting Foundations
18Changing Minds553
New ways of seeing the world
The management of the natural world
Communications and information technology
The life sciences
Medical science
Space and the public imagination
Promise and misgiving
Facing new issues
19New Economic and Social Worlds584
In the long run
Europe's 'golden age'
Eastern Europe
World contrasts
Changing lifestyles
The oil crisis and after
Structural changes
Cultural consequences in a wealthier world
20Authority and Its New Challengers613
A liberating century
Dissolving certainty
Religion in the later twentieth century
Government, democracy and nationalism
Challenges to the state
The Pill
New waves
Women in the non-western world
Book 7A Changing World Balance
21The Cold War at Its Height647
After Stalin
The second Berlin crisis
Latin America enters world politics
The aftermath in Latin America
The changing USSR
The changing United States
22Vietnam and After672
The American entanglement
The changing Asian context
Oil and the Israel problem
The Iranian revolution
Islam in international affairs
An uneasy Latin America
23The Reshaping of Europe695
Seeds of unity
The division of Europe
National interests
The path to Helsinki
The British crisis
Book 8The end of an Era
24A World in Evolution719
The last years of Chairman Mao
New patterns
Japan: the new world power
The Indian democracy
Africa's enduring problems
25Crumbling Certainties739
Seeds of doubt
American misgivings
Disordered Islam
The last phase of Cold War
Changing eastern Europe
Polish revolution
The crumbling of the Soviet system
A new Germany
26Post Cold War Realities765
The Gulf War
Persisting dangers
The end of the Soviet Union
A new Russia
New European security problems
The end of Yugoslavia
Nationality and ethnicity in the new Europe
European integration
Qualified re-orientation: the United Kingdom
Changes in China
Problems of peacekeeping
Europe after Maastricht
A common currency
Enlarging Europe
A troubled Far East
The Indian sub-continent
The United States at the end of the century
Pax Americana
Historical importance
The great upheavals
The mythology of human happiness
Mastery of the material world
The first world civilization
Today's political world
AppendixThe Exploration of Space857

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