The Twilight of Ancient Egypt: First Millennium, B.C.E.

The Twilight of Ancient Egypt: First Millennium, B.C.E.

by Karol Mysliwiec
     
 

Karol Mysliwiec surveys a turbulent time in Ancient Egyptian culture and history—the eight hundred years between the eleventh century B.C.E. and the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.E., after which Egypt became part of the Hellenistic world. It was a time when Libyans, Kushites, Persians, and Greeks ascended to the throne more frequently

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Overview

Karol Mysliwiec surveys a turbulent time in Ancient Egyptian culture and history—the eight hundred years between the eleventh century B.C.E. and the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.E., after which Egypt became part of the Hellenistic world. It was a time when Libyans, Kushites, Persians, and Greeks ascended to the throne more frequently than did indigenous kings. The history of this phase of pharaonic Egypt, marked by rapid changes in rule, has been relatively neglected until now.

Egypt had become increasingly involved in the affairs of its Near Eastern neighbors (Assyria, Babylon, and Persia) and of the Mediterranean world. These many cultures greatly enriched and influenced pharaonic traditions. At the same time, Egyptian civilization extended far beyond the borders of Egypt itself. One of the most important cultural products of this period is the Old Testament, called here "an inestimable source of information on daily life in pharaonic Egypt."Mysliwiec perceives in recent archaeological discoveries clear evidence that the first millennium B.C.E. was witness to more than a slow, progressive dying out of the pharaonic past; new and creative elements profoundly altered the culture of Ancient Egypt.

Originally published in Polish, The Twilight of Ancient Egypt appeared in 1998 in a German edition. The Cornell edition has been updated by the author and also contains previously unpublished photographs of recently discovered treasures.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780801486302
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2000
Series:
2/25/2010
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.22(h) x 0.62(d)

Table of Contents

Translator's Note
Introduction
The Dualistic Vision of the World and the Paradox of Ancient Egypt's History
Dualistic Concepts1
The Uniting of the Two Lands6
Egypt's Imperialistic Era: The New Kingdom14
The Decline of the New Kingdom17
The Report of Wenamun22
Amun's Two Capitals: Thebes and Tants (Dynasties 21-24)
Dynasty 2127
Mummy Caches35
Tanis and Israel40
Dynasty 2241
Shoshenq I's Campaign to Israel44
The Bubastid Portal of Osorkon II46
Domestic Policy47
The Chronicle of Prince Osorkon51
Political Fragmentation and Threat from Abroad56
Discovery of the Serapeum58
Preserved Temple Structures64
Fresh Currents from the African Interior: Kushites in Egypt (Dynasty 25)
Nubia68
Piye's Campaign to Egypt73
Piye's Successors85
Shabaka's Piety89
The "Kushite Cap"91
The Reign of Taharqa93
Assyrians in Egypt105
The Saite Renaissance (Dynasty 26)
Psammetichus I110
Artistic Developments117
Psammetichus II119
Herodotus on Saite Kings122
Archaeology and the Saite Period127
Thebes in the Saite Period130
The End of the Dynasty131
Challenges to Art Historians132
Persians and Greeks on the Throne of the Pharaohs (Dynasty 27-Ptolemaic Period)
Cambyses and Darius135
The Temple of Hibis137
The Naos from Tuna el-Gebel144
The Statue of Darius from Susa146
Foreigners in Egypt156
Struggles for Independence158
Ritual Confirmation of Royal Power159
The Final Decades of Independence162
The Art and Architecture of Dynasty 30169
The Second Persian Occupation177
Alexander's Conquest178
The Ptolemaic Dynasty179
The Divine "Lords of the Two Lands": The Last Thousand Years of Pharaonic Egypt; Polish Archaeology on the Nile
The Tombs of Alexander185
Egypt and Rome188
Polish Archaeology in Egypt191
Athribis195
Artisans' Workshops200
A Public Bath202
A Private Bath203
The Cultic Aspect of Baths204
Political Symbolism207
Bibliography212
Comparative Chronology219
Index225

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