The Two First Centuries of Florentine History

The Two First Centuries of Florentine History

by Pasquale Villari
     
 

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Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.  See more details below

Overview

Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781445559476
Publisher:
Read Books Design
Publication date:
04/28/2010
Pages:
340
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.76(d)

Read an Excerpt


CHAPTER II. THE ORIGIN OF THE i HEN the Longobards became masters of nearly the whole of Italy, and subjected it to their long and cruel sway, they are known to have appointed a duke to every one of the principal cities they occupied. Rome remained free from them, having a Pope ; Ravenna also escaped because an Exarch was soon to hold rule there, and almost all the cities by the sea were likewise exempted, inasmuch as the Longobards were ignorant of navigation, and needed assistance for their maritime trade. It was for the same reason that republics such as Venice, Amalfi, Pisa, Naples, and Gaeta, were of earlier origin than the rest. The dukes enjoyed great authority and independence ; indeed, some of the duchies, especially on the borders, became so extended as to resemble small kingdoms e.g., the dukedoms of Friuli, Spoleto, and Benevento. This circumstance greatly contributed to the decomposition of the kingdom and to the fall of the Longobards, whose strength and daring were never conjoined with any real political capacity. 1 The Nuova Antologia of Rome, June i, 1890. 80 THE MAKQUISATE OF TUSCANY. 81 On the arrival of the Franks, counts took the place of dukes, but with less power and smaller territories. Charlemagne, with his genuine talent for statesmanship, refused to maintain lords who, in seeking their own independence, might endanger the existence of his empire. Nevertheless, as it was indispensable to keep his borders more strongly defended, he constituted marches, on the pattern of the greater Longobard duchies, and entrusted them to margraves, or marquises (Mark-grafen frontier counts, marquises, or margraves). Thus too the marquisate of Tuscany was formed and thegovernment centred in Lucca; for this city having had a duke of its own ever since...

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