The United Nations At the End of the 1990s / Edition 3

The United Nations At the End of the 1990s / Edition 3

by NA NA, Leon Gordenker
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0312220162

ISBN-13: 9780312220167

Pub. Date: 04/12/1999

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK

At the approach of the twenty-first century, the United Nations remains the main hope for world peace. This straightforward analysis by longtime observers and recognized scholars sets out the fundamental features of the structure of the UN and traces the political issues in which it is involved.

Overview

At the approach of the twenty-first century, the United Nations remains the main hope for world peace. This straightforward analysis by longtime observers and recognized scholars sets out the fundamental features of the structure of the UN and traces the political issues in which it is involved.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780312220167
Publisher:
Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication date:
04/12/1999
Edition description:
3rd ed. 1999
Pages:
203
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.02(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tablesxi
Preface to the Third Editionxii
Preface to the Second Editionxiii
Prefacexiv
List of Abbreviationsxvii
1Introduction1
Independent States1
Interdependent Societies2
International Law3
Reforming World Politics4
Conferences and Decisions7
Functional Cooperation in the Nineteenth Century8
The Concert of Europe9
The Hague Peace Conferences10
The League of Nations11
The Second World War and the UN15
The San Francisco Conference17
2Charter and Structure of the United Nations20
Close Relatives21
The General Assembly23
The Security Council25
The Economic and Social Council27
The Trusteeship Council28
The International Court of Justice28
The Secretariat30
Cluster of UN Agencies35
Organizational Tension37
3Membership and Decision-Making46
Chinese Representation47
Divided States47
Switzerl and Neutrality48
Ministates48
Weighted Voting49
Decision-Making Processes50
Fundamental Changes52
Voting Groups53
Groups and Voting Positions56
The Political Significance of Resolutions56
Slow Decision-Making59
Finances60
The United States Debt to the UN63
4The Maintenance of Peace and Security66
Coercive Measures to Maintain Peace69
Practical Application of Charter Concepts72
Israel and its Neighbours72
Cyprus73
Congo73
New-Style Peace Operations74
Cambodia74
Collective Measures75
Korea75
'Uniting for Peace'76
Kuwait78
Hybrid Forms of Peace-Keeping83
Somalia83
Yugoslavia84
Rwanda87
Haiti88
Central America88
Second Thoughts on Peace-Keeping89
Limits and Potentials in Maintaining Peace91
Arms Control and Disarmament93
Non-Proliferation94
Ban on Nuclear Testing95
Demilitarized and Nuclear-Free Zone95
Chemical and Biological Weapons96
Anti-Personnel Mines96
Conclusions97
5Human Rights100
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights103
The International Covenants on Human Rights106
Other Human-Rights Activities110
Apartheid114
Conclusions116
6From Colonialism to Independence120
Declaration on Non-Self-Governing Territories121
The Trusteeship System122
Declaration on Granting of Independence123
The Special Committee on Decolonization123
Namibia124
The Imposition of Economic Sanctions128
Remaining Colonial Issues129
Conclusion130
7Cooperation for Economic and Social Progress132
Global Conferences133
Economic and Social Data135
Economic Development and Reduction of Poverty136
Technical Assistance137
UN Population Fund139
UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF)140
UN Volunteers140
UN Children's Fund (UNICEF)141
UN Conference on Trade and Development141
GATT and WTO143
New International Economic Order144
The Global Environment145
Refugees and Disasters147
Narcotic Drugs Control149
AIDS149
Conventional Economic, Social and Cultural Cooperation150
8As the 1990s End: an Unsettled UN153
The Five Policemen155
The Third World156
Collective Legitimization157
The Secretary-General159
The Specialized Agencies160
The UN near the Year 2000162
AppendixCharter of the United Nations164
Bibliography190
Index197

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