The United Nationsby Peggy Kahn
The United Nations (UN) was founded in 1945 as the successor to the League of Nations, in part because of the League's failure to prevent World War II. Starting with 51 member countries, the UN now has 192 members and represents nearly every country in the world. Through such operations as peacekeeping, assisting victims of natural disasters, protecting human rights, and advancing international law, the UN tries to make the world a better place. Yet, the UN is constantly challenged. It must seek the cooperation and support of its members before it takes any action. Even when member nations are in agreement, great powers are reluctant to yield their own authority and defer to the orders of the UN. Despite the tensions it sometimes faces, the UN is central to efforts to solve issues that affect all of humanity, and this global organization likely will play a vital role in international politics for many decades to come.
About the Author:
Author Kirsten Nakjavani Bookmiller is associate professor of government and political affairs and director of the office of Global Education and Partnerships at Millersville University. She is the author of several articles and chapters on international organizations, including "United Nations," and "United Nations Radio" in Censorship: An International Encyclopedia
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