The Virgin Mary and Catholic Identities in Chinese History

The Virgin Mary and Catholic Identities in Chinese History

by Jeremy Clarke
     
 

The Chinese Catholic Church traces its living roots back to the late sixteenth century and its historical roots back even further, to the Yuan dynasty. This book explores paintings and sculptures of the Virgin Mary over several centuries and the communities that produced them. It argues for the emergence of distinctly Chinese Catholic identities as artistic

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Overview

The Chinese Catholic Church traces its living roots back to the late sixteenth century and its historical roots back even further, to the Yuan dynasty. This book explores paintings and sculptures of the Virgin Mary over several centuries and the communities that produced them. It argues for the emergence of distinctly Chinese Catholic identities as artistic representations of the Virgin Mary at different times and in different places absorbed and in turn influenced representations of Chinese figures from Guanyin to the Empress Dowager. At other times, indigenous styles have been diluted by Western influences. As a study of the social and cultural histories of communities that have survived over many centuries, this book offers a new view of Catholicism in China--one that sees its history as more than simply a cycle of persecution and resistance.

Hong Kong University Press

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789888139996
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
Publication date:
11/22/2013
Pages:
312
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

List of illustrations ix

Acknowledgements xi

Introduction: Chinese Catholic identities in the modern period 1

Part 1 Images of Mary in China before 1842

1 Chinese Christian art during the pre-modern period 15

Katerina Ilioni of Yangzhou 21

Madonna and Guanyin 24

Marian images during the late Ming dynasty 31

The Madonna in Master Cheng's Ink Garden 37

Marian sodalities 40

Joao da Rocha and the rosary 42

Part 2 The Chinese Catholic Church since 1842

2 After the treaties 51

French Marian devotions 57

The effects of the Chinese Rites Controversy 60

A sense of cultural superiority 69

The influence of Marian events in Europe 74

3 Our Lady of Donglu 83

Visual influences on the Donglu portrait 89

Photographs of Cixi 95

Liu Bizhen's painting 100

4 The rise and fall of the French protectorate 111

Benedict XV and Maximum Illud 118

Shanghai Plenary Council, 1924 125

Synodal Commission 132

Part 3 Images of Mary in the early twentieth century

5 The Furen art department 143

The creation of the Catholic University of Peking 149

The emergence of Chinese Christian art 152

Celso Costantini and Luke Chen Yuandu 162

6 The Chinese dimension to the Furen Christian art 175

Art as a catechetical tool 184

Marian paintings 189

Sheshan Shengmu 191

Conclusion 195

Notes 201

Bibliography 249

Index 265

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