The Woodsman's Daughter

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Overview

Gwyn Hyman Rubio's first novel, Icy Sparks, was hailed as “vivid and unforgettable” (The New York Times Book Review), “a combination of fire and ice that will take your breath away”(Atlanta Journal-Constitution). Now, Rubio has done it again with The Woodsman's Daughter, a richly absorbing tale of the gothic South that, like Icy Sparks, has another unforgettable heroine at its heart.

Dalia is the brassy and beautiful eldest daughter of Monroe Miller, a shrewd turpentine farmer ...

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Overview

Gwyn Hyman Rubio's first novel, Icy Sparks, was hailed as “vivid and unforgettable” (The New York Times Book Review), “a combination of fire and ice that will take your breath away”(Atlanta Journal-Constitution). Now, Rubio has done it again with The Woodsman's Daughter, a richly absorbing tale of the gothic South that, like Icy Sparks, has another unforgettable heroine at its heart.

Dalia is the brassy and beautiful eldest daughter of Monroe Miller, a shrewd turpentine farmer in 1800s southern Georgia haunted by a devastating secret. A resilient and resourceful young woman, Dalia strives to create a better life for herself and will stop at nothing to protect her family, but the sins of the father are never far behind.

In this spellbinding, page-turning epic, Rubio brings the swaying pines, humble shantytowns, and insular bustle of small-town living vibrantly to life. The Woodsman's Daughter is certain to cement Rubio's reputation as a major southern voice in American fiction.

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Editorial Reviews

Atlanta Journal-Constitution
"An engrossing novel that affirms the author's genius for those little gestures that lend her novels a cinematic quality."
Kentucky Monthly
"Complex and captivating ... a story that will not soon be forgotten."
Publishers Weekly
Following 2001 Oprah pick Icy Sparks, Rubio's ambitious, faulty second novel comprises three generations' worth of neo-gothic saga. The cast includes Monroe Miller, a prosperous, self-made turpentine farmer in the pine woods of 1880s southern Georgia; Violet, his pathetic, laudanum-addicted wife; spoiled, impetuous Dalia, his eldest daughter; and younger Nellie Ann, blind from birth. Part I follows Monroe through weekend drinking bouts that help him bear the secret sin that shadows him, and a feud with richer neighbor Lollie Morris. Part II follows Dalia, suddenly bereft and on her own, as she starts a new life in the small town of Samson with her ineffectual son, Marion, to whom she is indifferent, and her robust daughter, Clara Nell, whom she suffocates with adoration and who is the protagonist of part III. Predictably, Clara Nell runs away to marry Dayton Morris, son of Lollie, her grandfather's enemy. Death and disaster dominate the last half of the novel, which has some tense moments and reasonable character depth, but this time out Rubio delivers very good genre writing and no more. And despite the suffering Dalia endures (and lots of "Yessams" from servants), she never changes from the selfish, conniving person she became as the woodsman's favorite daughter. 5-city author tour. (On sale Aug. 8) Copyright 2005 Reed Business Information.
Library Journal
Monroe Miller is in his element on his turpentine plantation, where his workmen treat him with respect. But at home, his wife and two daughters consider him a coarse, common drunkard who tracks mud into their house. The opening section of Rubio's multigenerational Southern Gothic is absorbing and atmospheric. Unfortunately, the final two-thirds are uneven, as Monroe's daughter, Dalia, takes center stage. Attempting to escape her family tragedy, Dalia sets off to make her own way and avoid the mistakes of her forbears. Unfortunately, Rubio (Icy Sparks), who generally has a talent for characterization and manages to make Monroe sympathetic despite his grave flaws, fails to do so with Dalia: she's genuinely unlikable. The plotting could also be defter, as Rubio tries to do both too much and too little. Perhaps instead of tripping across the decades, she could have focused more on selected scenes and subplots. Given those flaws, the conclusion should not pack an emotional wallop-but it does even in spite of its own melodrama. For larger collections. [See Prepub Alert, LJ 4/15/05.]-Christine DeZelar-Tiedman, Univ. of Minnesota Libs., Minneapolis Copyright 2005 Reed Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
The fortunes of a prosperous Georgia turpentine farmer's beautiful daughter wax and wane incessantly in this florid successor to Rubio's Oprah-chosen debut, Icy Sparks (1998). Toward the end of the 19th century, hard-drinking and probably syphilitic Monroe Miller earns the hatred of his ailing wife, Violet, and spirited 15-year-old daughter, Dalia; professes sodden love for Dalia's blind younger sibling, Nellie Ann; and risks the family fortune on cockroach races before succumbing to grief following the death of his favorite horse in a stable fire. Dalia relocates to the hamlet of Samson, where she looks for love and settles for dentist Herman McKee. After bearing him a son (Marion), Dalia is re-bereaved when Herman dies. Bolstering her feminist credentials by joining the matron-dominated Samson Historical Society, our second-rate Scarlett O'Hara, with no Rhett Butler to misguide her, marries adipose mama's boy Walter Larkin. He fathers her daughter, Clara Nell, a natural-born tomboy. During the WWI years, Clara Nell fights for independence by running repeatedly away from home, learning about Margaret Sanger and women's rights to control their own bodies and wedding dapper Dayton Morris. One small problem: The groom's father, Dalia bitterly points out, "stole my family's land after my papa died." Despite homecooking, herbal wisdom, and sassy moral support offered by the Millers' exiled cook, Katie Mae, who rejoins Dalia in Samson, things go from bad to worse. Clara Nell won't listen to her elders and persists in the folly to which Dalia must put a stop, bringing on Further Tragedy and an epilogue that describes Dalia's progression into madness and despair. If the corn that suffuses thisnovel were likker, we'd all be too drunk to finish reading it. Perhaps that would be best.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780143037422
  • Publisher: Penguin Group (USA)
  • Publication date: 7/25/2006
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 4.94 (w) x 7.90 (h) x 0.77 (d)

Meet the Author

Gwyn Hyman Rubio

Gwyn Hyman Rubio has been nominated for a Pushcart Press Editors' Book Award and anthologized in Above Ground: Stories About Life and Death by New Southern Writers. She is also a winner of the Cecil Hackney Award as well as a recipient of grants from the Kentucky Arts Council and the Kentucky Foundation for Women.

Biography

Born in Macon, Georgia, to Mac Hyman and Gwendolyn Holt Hyman, Gwyn grew up in south Georgia in the small town of Cordele, not far from Plains. Her father was a writer himself and published the bestseller No Time for Sergeants in 1954 when he was only 31 years old. It was turned into a popular play and film, starring Andy Griffith.

Upon graduating from Florida State University with a B.A. in English, Gwyn joined the Peace Corps serving in Costa Rica and working as a preschool program coordinator and teacher in a village, without running water or electricity, near the Panamanian border. She married her husband, Angel, also a volunteer, six months after her arrival. They have been married now for 30 years.

Gwyn's youth was spent frantically running from her father's vocation -- seeking any other occupation -- because she felt the stress of writing had precipitated his early death of a heart attack at the age of 39. Throughout the 1970s, one job followed another until the couple wound up in 1980 in Berea, Kentucky.

In 1983 Gwyn could not longer run away from writing, from the realization that this was what she was meant to do. Therefore, she applied and was accepted into the M.F.A. Program for Creative Writing at Warren Wilson College in North Carolina. Not until her graduation in 1986 did she dedicate herself completely to writing.

Gwyn's collection of short stories, Sharing Power, was nominated for a Pushcart Press Editors' Book Award. Her short fiction has been published and anthologized around the country. Her short story "Little Saint" received the Cecil Hackney Literary Award for first prize in the National Short Story Competition and later appeared in Prairie Schooner. She has received grants from the Kentucky Arts Council and from the Kentucky Foundation for Women. In July, 1998, her first novel was published by Viking/Penguin. Highlighted in Time magazine by Barnes & Noble, Icy Sparks was one of several novels chosen to represent "The Next Wave of Great Literary Voices" in the Discover Great New Writers program.

Gwyn and her husband have lived in Kentucky for over 20 years. Most of the time, they have lived in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains in the small town of Berea. In 2001 they moved to Versailles, Kentucky.

Biography courtesy of the author's official web site.

Good To Know

"As a former Peace Corps and Vista volunteer, I believe in giving something back to the community. I have volunteered at a respite care center for those suffering from dementia; I have worked with mentally challenged and emotionally disturbed children; I have served on the Board of Directors of the New Opportunity School for Women in Berea, Kentucky. Currently, I am a member of a group of Kentucky authors trying to educate the public about the terrible consequences of mountain top removal -- a destructive form of strip mining coal."

"I like to cook because it relaxes me; therefore, I do a lot of it when I'm trying to unwind from my writing. My husband brags that my Cuban pork roast is out of this world."

"I dislike rude drivers, cell phone users in restaurants, and moviegoers who chomp popcorn in my ear while I'm trying to listen to dialogue."

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    1. Hometown:
      Versailles, Kentucky
    1. Date of Birth:
      August 7, 1949
    2. Place of Birth:
      Macon, Georgia
    1. Education:
      B.A. in English, Florida State University, 1971; M.F.A. in Creative Writing, Warren Wilson College, 1986
    2. Website:

Read an Excerpt

Monroe

CHAPTER 1

"Vampires," Dalia hissed as she perched on the edge of her bed, waving her arms in the hot July air, the buzzing orbiting her head. A mosquito lit on her forearm. She felt the sharp sting and slapped the insect with the flat of her hand. "I got it," Dalia said triumphantly to her sister. "I don't know how it slipped in." With the tip of her tongue, she licked the warm, slick blood off her palm.

"They know better than to sip mine," Nellie Ann said in the next bed over.

From outside the long window came the sound of hooves clomping in the dust. Dalia squeezed the cotton-stuffed tick, releasing the tension that had lodged in her fingers. Pushing the mosquito netting back, she slipped off the edge of the bed, her feet thumping against the floor.

"What are you doing?" Nellie Ann asked as Dalia headed over to the window and peered out.

"Shush," Dalia scolded her. Beneath the canopy of hundred-year-old oaks, the moss trailing from their gnarled limbs like long, gray gloves, their papa was coming back after weeks of being gone. He jerked at the reins and brought his horse, Tarkel, to a halt. Rising up in his saddle, he squared his wide shoulders, pushed his black hat back on his head, and stared straight ahead. He was preparing himself to face them, Dalia knew. Suddenly he teetered to the left. Drunk as always, she thought as he threw out his right arm to regain his balance. Then, digging his boot heels into his stirrups, he jolted himself upright again, his head thrown back in laughter. He flicked the reins against the horse's neck, and once more hooves clopped along the dusty road that led to Miller's Mansion. "It's Papa," Dalia said, her voice anxious and weary. "He's back, two days early."

"That's old news to us blind folk," Nellie Ann said, dramatically rolling her white, unseeing eyes. "I heard him ten minutes ago."

"He's getting off his horse now," Dalia said, watching their father dismount and hitch Tarkel to the horsehead post (the groom would stable him later). "He's coming up the walkway," she added as he strode over the flagstones toward the veranda. At the bottom of the convex steps, he pulled out a flask from his shirt pocket, unscrewed the silver cap, and upended the container. Tarkel whinnied just as he took another long, deep swallow of bourbon, his drink of choice. Wiping his mouth with the back of his hand, he twisted the silver cap back on and shoved the flask into his pocket. Reverently, he placed his hand over the container as though it held some vital organ, Dalia thought. As he trudged up the steps, she lost sight of him beneath the porch roof, but she could still hear his heavy boots, ascending slowly, coming to a standstill when he topped the last riser.

"Did you hear what I said?" Nellie Ann asked with irritation.

"I heard you," Dalia snapped. "You knew he was coming ten minutes ago. So why didn't you say something?"

"You know I don't like to seem superior." Nellie Ann giggled. "Not only did I hear him, but I could smell him on the breeze coming through the window."

"I'll be back in a minute," Dalia said, ignoring her sister, rushing from the bedroom without a backward glance, making a beeline for the staircase. She crept down three steps and sat- staring through the delicate banisters in the direction of the foyer. She could see her mother unexpectedly bending over as if in pain, her thin arms twined around her waist, righting herself back up when the small, spare form of Katie Mae, their cook, appeared. At once the two women began speaking softly, rapidly-Katie Mae's dark hands swooping in front of her as though trying to catch the words that flew between them, their voices growing louder as they spoke.

"Yessam, Miz Violet. I wasn't expectin' him back so soon," Katie Mae was saying.

Her mother flicked a gray strand of hair off her forehead, a habit of hers for as long as Dalia could remember, and adamantly pressed her palm against her chest. "Still, there's plenty of food in the pantry. You must fix him something good to eat," she stated. "He'll be hungry."

"Yessam . . . fix Mr. Monroe some food."

"Some country ham," her mother said mechanically, "with redeye gravy. Three eggs, fried soft the way he likes them. Biscuits and butter."

"Yessam, I'll fix him a good breakfast."

"And don't forget . . ." her mother said, lowering her voice, the words slurring together, so much so that Dalia couldn't make out what she said. But then her mother's voice swelled again, the words distinct and whole. "Yes, a big bowl of those fresh peaches we got yesterday-sliced thin, with lots of cream and sugar."

"Yessam." Katie Mae's voice was polite but not obsequious. She never toadied.

"Well," her mother said. "You've got a meal to prepare . . . you better get started."

Dalia looked on as Katie Mae straightened her shoulders-her spine erect as a cornstalk- and walked away. Her mother kept talking, muttering to herself now. Then, shutting her eyelids, she closed her hand over her groin, repeating, "Whore, whore, whore," in a low, angry voice, over and over, until the front door swung open and sent her fleeing for the staircase, her dark skirt polishing the floorboards.

Shaken by her mother's words, Dalia leapt up, took the steps quickly, and hid behind a gold- cushioned love seat on the landing.

"Violet," her father called out, clunking through the foyer while her mother pattered up the stairs.

The instant Dalia heard the crude sound of her father's voice, her heart stopped. For a second, it stopped. Conflicted, it simply quit beating-like a pendulum no longer swinging inside a grandfather clock. Just as she began to panic, it started to beat once more. One beat for affection. The next for disdain. The rhythmic ticking of emotions to keep itself going. "Violet," he called again at the bottom of the staircase, but before he could mount the first step, her mother's footfalls abruptly stopped.

"There's some breakfast for you in the kitchen," she said, her tone empty. Her dark eyes opaque as pitch. "And wash up outside before you eat."

"Won't ya join me?" he asked, his voice pleading but eliciting only her mother's icy silence. Next came her father's retreat, his dejected shuffle down the hall toward the back door.

Though her mother had convinced her that he was coarse and common, no one deserved to be treated like a stranger in his own home, Dalia thought as a wave of pity washed through her. When her mother's bedroom door clicked shut, Dalia stole out from behind the love seat and hurried back to her sister.

"What took you so long?" Nellie Ann asked as Dalia crossed the threshold.

"I was spying on them," Dalia confided, walking over to the bed where her sister lay waiting. "Papa's probably in the backyard now, washing up at the pump. You know how upset Mama gets when he dirties the house."

"Mama has every right to make him clean up outside," her sister said. "He's filthy when he comes back from that camp of his. I smelled the turpentine stink on his clothes before he even set foot inside."

"Poor Papa, he can't seem to do anything right," Dalia said, unwilling to take her mama's side this time. "Anyway, we'd better quit talking and get dressed. Papa will be expecting us to welcome him home. Now sit up," she said, rolling up the mosquito netting and offering her hand.

"Don't need your help," Nellie Ann said, grabbing hold of the tick and drawing herself up.

Nellie Ann had confessed to Dalia that she saw more than people thought. She saw the outlines of shapes, blotches of light and dark. A man, she said, was a thin dark line; a woman, a fuzzy ball of gray.

"Lift your arms," Dalia said. Gently, she coaxed the white cotton gown over her sister's head. Nellie Ann wiggled across the tick to the side of the bed. "You can pull these off now," she said, raising her spindly legs.

Dalia tugged and the bloomers slipped down, exposing her sister's yellow-tinged skin, stretched tighter than usual over her distended stomach. Fearful that Nellie Ann might be feeling worse, Dalia stood there nervously gripping the fabric. Again she pulled at the bloomers, snapping off a button near the waistband, sending it pinging against the plastered pink wall.

"What was that?" her sister asked, her skinny legs dangling, her stomach rising and falling. At once Dalia regained her composure. "A button popped off. That's all," she said, dropping the bloomers to the floor, forcing herself to breathe evenly, making herself do what was necessary to keep both herself and her sister calm.

"A button popped off?" Nellie Ann questioned.

"Yes," Dalia replied. "Do you know your skin is as soft as a baby's behind?" she said, trailing her fingers down the front of her sister's thigh. "When you were little, Mama and I rubbed baby oil all over your body."

"Are you jealous of my silky skin?"

"Most certainly," Dalia said, moving away from the bed, facing the floor-length mirror. "You're thirteen and still look like a child. No breasts. No hair down there, either."

"I told you I'd never grow up," Nellie Ann gloated, her voice victorious.

"You're lucky." Dalia sighed. "At your age, I was already blossoming. Now that I'm fifteen, I'm . . ." She paused, not knowing how to finish.

"You're a woman," Nellie Ann said. "You've got curves. I know 'cause I can feel them."

"And when a woman gets curves, it's time for her to get married. And you know what that means?"

"What?"

"It means cooking and housekeeping and babies."

"You better start looking for a man, then."

Dalia groaned. "Maybe I can make them flat." She pressed her palms against her breasts. "I could rip up some old bed linen and bind my chest with the strips." When she removed her hands, her bosom popped up again. Through the lightweight cotton nightdress, breasts plump as peaches and hips round as cantaloupe halves shone back at her in the mirror. Disgusted, she made a face. "I could even shave down there," she said, hiding her crotch with her hands.

"Shave?"

"With Papa's razor."

"Don't you want to grow up?"

"No!" Dalia said vehemently. "I want to have fun." She arched her back and thrust her rib cage forward. "I want to be strong and free," she declared. "But with these," she complained, positioning her fingertips below her breasts and pushing them up, "I won't get to do anything."

Nellie Ann eased off the bed. Her bare feet sank into the thick Aubusson carpet. "I'd like Papa to be free of his drinking," she whispered.

"But you know he isn't," Dalia told her, "and never will be." Moving over to the green-tiled washstand, she poured water from the porcelain pitcher into a deep, wide bowl. "We'd better get dressed," she said, grabbing the washrag looped through the pitcher's handle. After she dunked the rag into the tepid water, she wrung it out and washed off her sister's thin arms and legs, next her swollen stomach. Gently, she toweled her skin, dressed her, then brushed her fine, oily hair. The lank strands hugged her scalp and made her plain round face even plainer. In a moment of pity, Dalia said, "Nellie Ann, you look beautiful."

"Really?" her sister said, fingering her pale pink dress.

"Oh yes," Dalia lied, and she knew Nellie Ann knew it.

"Why, Papa, you've made a mess," Dalia scolded, advancing toward him.

He was sitting at a blue-draped table dotted with brown biscuit crumbs, drinking coffee. "So my girls have finally decided to greet me?" he said as Nellie Ann rounded the doorway behind her. "I've been gone for days and days," he said glumly. "At least your mama made me an offering of peaches. Don't I deserve something more than a scolding from you? How about a little kiss?" He shifted in his chair and glanced up at Dalia, who, pursing her lips, took a tentative step toward him but then changed her mind. Picking up his plate, she dutifully started toward the drainboard, awash in sunlight that bled through the white-lace curtains. "Nellie Ann?" he tried, twisting toward her sister.

"What is it, Papa?" she asked, flirtatiously batting her eyelashes.

"Don't I deserve a little kiss?"

"Not until you bathe," she chided him. Scrunching up her nose, she pinched her nostrils.

"Bathe?" their father said, lifting up his elbows and sniffing beneath his armpits. "Why, I bathe twice a day!"

"You call riding Tarkel through a creek or two bathing?" Nellie Ann bantered, rolling her white eyes at him. "You stink of turpentine."

"Turpentine," their father mumbled. He held up his hands and examined his palms. "So that's my problem. I thought it was the bourbon and the tobacco you smelled." He leaned over and tugged at Nellie Ann's fingers.

She snatched them away. "You need some of Mama's perfume. It's upstairs on her dresser."

"No, what I need is a 'welcome home, Papa,' kiss from you."

Nellie Ann opened wide her milky eyes in mock horror. "Get your sugar from Dalia," she said, grinning, her top lip rising above a bracelet of small, sharp teeth. "Her sense of smell is not as refined as mine."

"I'll put my nose up against yours any ole time," Dalia shot back, coming to a halt beside the washbasin.

"Are we wagering one of Papa's stinky kisses?" Nellie Ann said, giggling as Dalia turned toward her.

"My sugar is sweet, if you'll just give it a chance," their father persevered. "Nellie Ann, why won't ya trust me?" he asked, slipping his big hand into his pants pocket, pulling up a waxy brown wrapper.

"Trust Papa?" Dalia scoffed, once more moving toward the basin. She snapped the plate on the drainboard, clamped her fingers around the water pump's handle, and in rapid succession pushed it down, then jerked it back up. "I'd rather kiss a mule."

"A sweet kiss," Monroe insisted, rocking forward in his chair. "Please, Nellie Ann. Give me some sugar," he said. With closed eyelids and puckered lips, Nellie Ann listed toward him. "My kisses are so sweet," he said. From the wrapper he brought forth a small square of fudge, and before she could change her mind popped the candy between her lips.

With the fudge wedged like a cigar in her wide mouth, Nellie Ann looked foolish. Suddenly her face crinkled into a smile, making Dalia realize that despite her hard talk, her sister's heart was still pliable to him. "Oh, Papa," she said, as she slurped up the brown-colored saliva dribbling from the corners of her lips.

"A candy from my store," their father stated. "Sweets for my sweet."

With a boisterous smack, Nellie Ann swallowed what was left of the fudge. "Papa kissed me with candy," she called out to Dalia, but Dalia stubbornly pressed her lips together and refused to speak. "Sister, did you hear me?"

Dalia seized a dish towel folded neatly on the counter and with brusque circular movements dried the plate off. "I heard you," she said, thumping the plate down.

"Dalia, don't you want a kiss, too?" their father asked, but Dalia, skulking, kept her back to them. "How about a sweet kiss from your old papa?"

With slow deliberation, Dalia pressed down on the pump handle. "Nellie Ann is the only one sweet enough for your candy," she spat. "A mouthful of turpentine would be all I'd get."

Their father stood so quickly he knocked the silverware to the floor. "Where's your mother?" he asked, his demeanor instantly changing.

"Upstairs," Dalia replied.

"I come home after working hard for my family," he said, his voice stretched thin, "and what do I get?" Dalia felt his hot gaze on the back of her neck. "What do I get?" he repeated.

Slowly, Dalia pivoted around. Her eyes fell lovingly on Nellie Ann before shifting coolly to him. "Why don't you kiss Nellie Ann again?" she said, unable to cap off the jealousy that was bubbling up inside her.

"Whatever you wish, my beauty." Their father inched his fingers into the wrapper, brought up another square of fudge, and, staring intently at her, popped the candy into Nellie Ann's mouth. "My Darling Doll," he said, his tone softening. "Please, what do I get?"

Dalia threw back her shoulders and walked regally toward him. "A kiss," she said, the coldness in her voice giving way to the tenderness she once showed him. Then, lifting up on her toes, she brushed his cheek with her lips.

As they left the kitchen, Monroe wondered why he tried so hard to win them over each time he returned. Why did he work his fingers to the bone to buy them pretty things when, like their mother, they seemed so ungrateful? Why? he thought, but he already knew the answer. He pulled himself up each morning and worked as hard as his workers because this was who he was. Not a good man. Not a thoughtful man, but a man of work. A man of extremes who liked to feel the ache of his body after a long day's toil, who liked cutting boxes in the trunks of pines, cornering these boxes, chipping the bark off, applying streaks down the tree faces, dipping the gum, scraping off the dried sap, burning the tar kiln, drinking hard on Saturday nights. This was who he was. A workingman. Which was why he thrived now when others had failed to rebound after the Civil War, almost thirty years ago.

Of course, his family had prospered, but then he had known it would all along, as Violet Finster also must have known when he first laid eyes on her in 1870, five years after the war. Eleven years old, she was a skinny child with a mass of black hair and eyes as dark as watermelon seeds. He had come up to her in front of the country store and said, "One day, little girl, I'll marry you."

His first wife and infant son had died of yellow fever in the pine forests of coastal Mississippi in 1874. The baby died first; then Mary Lou also succumbed. Years later, he returned to south Georgia and rediscovered Violet Finster. At nineteen, she became his second wife; he was twenty-three. She told him later she fell in love with him because he had resembled a hero right out of a romantic novel. Almost six feet tall, he was an impressive man. Dangerous, he seemed, in his dark large-rimmed hat with a red bandanna around his neck and a pistol in a shoulder holster beneath his coat. One day, little girl, I'll marry you, he said. Those words had stuck in her mind and resurfaced years later like a fate she couldn't avoid. But though she couldn't admit it, he knew the real truth. She had fallen in love not with a dangerous man but with a hard worker, dressed in rough dungarees and sturdy, coarse brogans, the clothes of a woodsman destined to prosper. One day, little girl, I'll marry you. He had put into that statement the same fierce determination that he had always put into his work. A livelihood she now detested. A livelihood she wanted her children, his children to detest, too, but try as she might, she couldn't make him hate what he did for a living.

He strode over to the washbasin and pumped the handle. Filling up his palms with the cold water, he splashed it against his face, then wiped his skin off on a white towel embroidered with tiny blue flowers, leaving a stain, but he didn't care. Violet was right. He was coarse. Your work makes you coarse. Let your turpentiners do it, she said, often aggrieved when he left to tend his trees. You don't have to slave alongside them anymore. He scratched the bristles on his cheeks, glanced down to see the red smears of clay his boots had left on the floor cloth. Go, then. Make love to your pines, she'd sneered when he'd left this last time, but he hadn't let her sarcasm deter him, for he had to go. He longed to feel the humidity on his skin. He was addicted to the murmur of mosquitoes in his ears, the haze of gnats in front of his eyes. He relished the taste of tar in the air. He took refuge in Millertown, his town, where the woodsmen and their families lived, worked, and died. He delighted in the looks on their faces when he rode through his camp, as though he were not a man, not a mere mortal, but instead a god, their creator. Common and coarse, she said, as though the repetition of it would make him believe it was true. "Coarse, maybe," he whispered as he stared out the window at the fields of cotton like whitecaps on Snake River during a summer storm. "Common, never," he said aloud, the sour feeling he always felt when coming home rising in his stomach. He swallowed, sucked in his aching belly, and began walking toward the back door. He would go outside, sit beneath the double-fisted magnolia, and drink down the humid air. He had bought this grand white-columned mansion for them-to make them, not him, respectable. A shanty in the woods suited his soul better.

Breakfast over, Dalia plucked a blossom from a tangled thicket of roses bordering the flagstone walkway in the terraced garden, and positioned the yellow center beneath her sister's nostrils. "All right, Miss Sensitive Nose, what kind of rose is this?" she teased, wanting to make amends for the jealousy she'd felt this morning. "Silly goose," Nellie Ann said, "the camellias are blooming. They're so strong I can't smell anything else."

"How shall I describe it, then?" said Dalia thoughtfully. "Let's see. Each blossom has five petals. Pink, broad, and flat." She held the rose up to her own nose and inhaled deeply. "I can't smell it, either," she confessed, "but I can remember how it smells. It smells"-her voice became soft and dreamy-"like sugar tastes when you swallow a tablespoon of it, all at once, because you're hiccuping and want it to stop."

"Katie Mae made me do that once," Nellie Ann said. "It didn't help."

"That's not the point," Dalia said impatiently. "The point is, this flower smells sweet, but not too sweet, not cloying like the camellia. It doesn't bully, doesn't demand your full attention. You get a transitory whiff of sugar, tickling your nose for a second, and then-"

"Do you like sugarcane?" Nellie Ann interrupted.

"Do I like sugarcane?"

"Yesterday Katie Mae gave me a taste. She brought me some from the patch that Papa lets her tend on our land at the river. She cut off a chunk. Stripped away the thick hull, she told me, and said, Suck on it-hard. I did, but I didn't like it." Nellie Ann scrunched up her face and poked out her tongue. "After I sucked the sugar out, it was too stringy."

For several seconds, Dalia was silent. This morning her sister had gotten a second piece of fudge from Papa. Yesterday a bite of Katie Mae's sugarcane. All the sweetness in Nellie Ann's mouth, only a taste of bitterness in hers. "Lest we stray too far from the matter at hand," she began primly in an effort to disguise her jealousy, "I shall go on with my description. Such a modest little flower," she continued, "with a dab of yellow right smack in the center. The stem is slender-very, very fragile." Her thumb skimmed over a thorn. "But don't let yourself be fooled."

"Never," Nellie Ann asserted, stomping her foot against the flagstone walkway, crushing a yellow flower that had sprouted up through a crack.

"For below this blossom lies a prickly stem."

Nellie Ann tossed back her head. Her bangs, trimmed just above her eyebrows, parted, sweeping to each side of her puffy face. "Georgia has only one rose, sister dear, and it is the Cherokee."

"You're wrong," Dalia teased, dancing on tiptoes. "So very wrong. Your nose has led you astray, down the primrose path." She moved the blossom back and forth beneath her sister's nose. "Under hypnosis, you'll speak the truth," she said, mimicking a foreign accent. "Now guess again. What kind of rose is it?"

"Stop it!" Nellie Ann fumed, swinging at the blossom with her tiny clenched fist.

"I-I'm sorry," Dalia stammered.

"I'm not a fool, Dalia. I know it's the Cherokee."

Stilled by her sister's fury, Dalia clutched the rose between her paralyzed fingers while a queen bee in all its gold and black glory lit on the blossom. Nearby, a Bachman's sparrow, his yellowish gray feathers blending into branches of the longleaf pines, whistled before beginning his beautiful aria. The scuppernong arbor glittered in the sun. The slick, copper- colored skin of the grapes peeked out from among the leaves like a blanket of cat's-eye marbles. A soft-spoken breeze tickled the moss in the grand oak trees. Yet this abundance of natural beauty couldn't compete with the sting of Nellie Ann's fury, and Dalia stood in stony fear for a full half minute before finding the courage to reach for her sister's hand.

"No!" Nellie Ann spat, whipping her palm behind her back. "I might be blind and plain," she stated. "I might not have your pretty lilac eyes or your dark, thick ringlets, but the one thing I'm not is stupid."

"My dearest Nellie Ann," Dalia said, pressing her hand against her breast, "please forgive me. I've never thought you stupid."

Nellie Ann rocked back on her heels and blinked wide her white eyes. "You're not being honest." Dalia swallowed hard, tried to slow her racing heartbeat. "Tell me the truth," she demanded, banging the tip of her cane against the flagstone path.

"The truth is," Dalia said, staring at the cane, "you're one of the smartest people I know. I've never . . ." She kept her eyes on Nellie Ann's fingers, clutching the cane so tightly that Dalia feared the skin, stretched over her knobby knuckles, might crack. "Never," she stressed again, "thought you stupid. You have so many wonderful qualities."

"Like what?" asked Nellie Ann, her grip on the cane relaxing.

"Traits like . . . like . . ." Dalia thought. "Like adorable, loving, thoughtful, funny, talented, but most of all smart."

"Really?"

"Cross my heart and hope to die."

Nellie Ann placed her free hand on top of the hand that wielded the cane and smiled, her top lip disappearing as it rose upward. "Adorable?"

"Absolutely."

"Talented?"

"A brilliant pianist."

"Funny?"

"When you're not being so serious."

"I forgive you," Nellie Ann said, reaching out for Dalia, her cane drifting upward.

Dalia thumped her palm against her bosom. "Right here," she said. "Come to my heart." She whipped open her arms and folded them around her sister. The cane slipped from Nellie Ann's fingers and clattered against the walkway. A crow cawed raucously above their heads and swooped down to pluck a grape from the arbor. "The crows are eating Mama's scuppernongs," Dalia said.

"Then I wish I were a crow."

"So, let's be birds," Dalia said, breaking away from her sister. She bent over to pick up the cane, grabbed Nellie Ann's dress, and tugged. "Flap your arms and fly with me, little crow," she said, flapping her free arm.

"Mama will kill us." Nellie Ann giggled, waving her twig-thin arms. "Her grapes are for wine- making only."

"What Mama doesn't know won't hurt her," Dalia said, their legs zigzagging through the grass, their arms flying. "Wait here," she said when they came to the trellis. "I'm gonna climb the arbor." She pressed the cane into her sister's palm, dropping the rose to the ground.

"But you can't," Nellie Ann squealed. "It's dangerous."

"I want to, and I will," Dalia proclaimed, racing toward the mountain of dense green leaves. "Just you wait." Anchoring her hands on the trellis, she positioned the toe of her shoe on a latticed rung and carefully, inch by inch, one rung after another, hoisted herself up, her skirt snaring in the tangled vines, her white cotton bloomers showing. Upon reaching the top, she rested and caught her breath, draping her body over the carpet of vines, the skins of the grapes bursting like torn eyelids, staining her bodice with their viscous juice, the sweetly tart smell assaulting her nostrils. Dalia rose up on her elbows. "Open wide!" she yelled down to her sister, who shrieked with excitement, flung back her head, and opened her mouth. "Get ready!" she said, snapping off a grape, taking aim, and hurling it toward Nellie Ann's outspread lips. Dalia missed, and the scuppernong pinged against her sister's forehead. "Do it again," Nellie Ann cried. She laughed and opened her mouth even wider.

Dalia plucked another grape from off the bed of vines and, narrowing her eyes as though peering through the scope of a rifle, reared back on one arm, then, lunging forward, pitched with all of her might. The grape curved upward and dropped, bull's-eye, into her sister's mouth.

Nellie Ann wrenched her lips together, sucked greedily, and spit out the skin. "I want more!" she yelled, as a scuppernong ricocheted off her arm. "More," she spluttered. "More. More. More."

Dalia kept it up, hurling a volley of champagne bullets at her sister's lips, wounding her face and splattering her shirtwaist while she hopped up and down, swatting the air with her cane. "Not so fast!" Nellie Ann shouted. "Throw them slower."

Dalia snipped off a scuppernong that was near to popping. "Be still," she said. Nellie Ann thrust her neck out and upward, keeping her mouth open like a hungry baby bird. "Here it goes," Dalia said, heaving the grape over the trellis. It shone golden in the sunlight before hitting the dark crater of Nellie Ann's mouth.

Pleasure softened her features. With puckered lips, she whooshed out the skin. "Thank you," she said.

"It was my pleasure," Dalia answered, plucking a grape, popping it between her lips. She slurped, smacked, and spit the tough peel out-those little stabs of jealousy completely forgotten when she caught sight of Nellie Ann, squatting, her hands dipping down like fruit bats, her fingers finding a scuppernong in the grass, shoving it into her mouth as though it might be her last.

"Yes, we'll gather at the river. The beautiful, the beautiful river."

At the sound of Katie Mae's voice, Dalia quit eating and drew herself up. The trellis quivered beneath her. "Katie Mae! Katie Mae!" she cried, looking toward the vegetable garden.

"Miss Dalia!" Katie Mae hollered back, releasing her hoe, which shuddered to the ground. Making a megaphone of her hands, she yelled, "Wait there. I'm coming."

"Katie Mae's back from her cane patch?" asked Nellie Ann, craning toward the black woman's voice, grape juice shining like snail slime down her chin.

"I reckon so," Dalia said, snaking backward over the ladder-top trellis.

"She won't be happy when she sees us," Nellie Ann said, fluttering her fingertips over her shirtwaist. "I must look a sight," she whined, finding a grape skin, flinging it off.

"No more than I do," Dalia countered, positioning her foot on the top rung, weaving down.

"But you don't have them smashed-"

Dalia cut her off. "I've been lying in them, silly. It looks like I slept in them."

"You gals have been up to something bad," Katie Mae snorted. Her unbuckled shoes flopped toward them. The red rag tied around her forehead was moist with perspiration. Gray dust pockmarked her dark skin.

"Not really," Nellie Ann retorted, her demeanor instantly child-like, her voice babyish and plump.

"Why, just look at you." Katie Mae headed straight for Nellie Ann. "What has you been up to?"

"I thought you were still at the river," Nellie Ann said accusingly, her attitude now different, as if their feast of scuppernongs were somehow the black woman's fault.

"I gone and come," Katie Mae told her. "What's this?" she asked, flicking a grape peel off Nellie Ann's sleeve.

"A scuppernong," Dalia said, sauntering over, picking up the rose she'd dropped on the ground.

Katie Mae situated her hands beneath Nellie Ann's armpits and heaved her up. "You, too," she fussed, looking over her shoulder at Dalia's stained skirt. "Both of you, messes. You're way too old for this foolishness, Miss Dalia. You're supposed to set an example for your sister, not be the one to lead her to trouble."

"You want some?" Dalia asked her, extending a grape-filled palm.

"Do I want some?" Katie Mae said, tenting her eyebrows. "Get that nasty hand away from me." She swatted at Dalia's palm. "Your mama uses them grapes for her sweet wine and jelly. Ya know you ain't supposed to be eatin' them."

"We were just tasting them," Dalia said, licking off a bead of juice that was dribbling down her wrist.

"From the looks of you," Katie Mae said, eyeing her up and down, "you was bathing in them." Returning her attention to Nellie Ann, she began plucking the yellow skins off her shirtwaist. "You two ought to be 'shamed."

"I got nothing to be sorry about," Dalia sassed. "If Mama doesn't want me tasting her grapes, she should tell me so."

"I don't want to bother your sick mama about this, but if ya insists."

"If she's too sick to scold me," Dalia said, shooting purple anger into Katie Mae's eyes, "then I reckon she's too sick to make grape jelly."

Nellie Ann reached out for the black woman's hand. "Don't talk to Katie Mae that way," she said angrily. "With all she does for us, she deserves some respect."

"Why don't ya come with me, Miss Nellie Ann?" Katie Mae said, squeezing her hand. "Miss Dalia needs to spend some time by herself, needs to think on her actions. Let's you and me walk over to my herb garden. They're the strongest-smellingest things this time of year. Does that suit ya, Miss Dalia?"

Before Dalia could say a word, Katie Mae was leading Nellie Ann down the flagstone path. Together, they were walking away, their skirts dancing, their voices blending. She's just a servant, Dalia thought, choking on her approval. "A cook," she said spitefully, glaring down at the rose choked between her fingers. No, she thought stubbornly, as tears welled in her eyes and the rose plummeted to the ground. I won't cry. I won't give them the satisfaction.

Abandoning the pathway, she scurried over the well-kept grounds toward the house. She had gotten as far as the double-fisted magnolia when she heard him. "Papa!" she shouted, wheeling around. He was hiking up the carriage house door. Angling its loose frame into place, he threw the weight of his body against it and slammed it shut. "Papa!" She heard the urgency in her voice. He glanced up. The sadness in his eyes was transparent. It tempered her anger, filled her with pity, and sent her running to him, but when she got there, tilting up her face, her skin flushed from the heat, he didn't wrap his arm around her the way he usually did, but instead timidly touched her shoulder, like a distant cousin asking her to fetch him a cup of tea.

His restraint disturbed her, and they walked toward the house together, not speaking, she inching toward him, he pulling away. When he loved her too much, she pushed him from her. When he kept his distance, she wanted him back. It was this tug-of-war that made for her confusion.

They took the back porch steps and entered through the kitchen. From the front of the house came her mother's voice, issuing orders to Lucinda, the housemaid. "Did you beat the rug like I told you? Look up there," her mother said sternly. She was pointing at the chandelier in the parlor when Dalia and her father rounded the corner. "Lucinda, can't you see that dust?" Dalia had to squint hard before she detected the dull residue on the bronze fixture. "Did you polish my table?" her mother asked, walking across the room, stopping in front of the table, trailing her index finger over its rosewood top.

"Yessam," Lucinda was saying, rapidly nodding her head, which was much too large for her small body.

Her mother rubbed her index finger and thumb together. "Polish it again," she snapped. Then, breathing in deeply, she began to weave from side to side as though she might tip over.

"Mama, are you all right?" Dalia asked, rushing toward her.

"I'm fine," her mother whispered, gripping the edge of the table to steady herself. "Just fine." Wearily, she added, "Lucinda, never mind the polishing. The dust will creep back in. Filth, like illness, has a way of returning." When at last her mother looked up and saw him, the tendons in her throat tightened. "Monroe," she said in a pinched voice.

"Violet," her father responded.

For several seconds, an unbearable silence weighed down upon them. But then her mother came back to herself and with a flick of her head said, "Lucinda, why don't you go outside and beat that rug again?" When Lucinda left, she turned toward Dalia, studied her, as though she'd just become aware of her daughter's presence. "What's that on your skirt?" she said at last, her tone accusatory. Stretching out her arm, she fingered the slimy stain that ran the full length of Dalia's garment.

"Nellie Ann and I tasted a few of your scuppernongs," Dalia told her.

"A few?"

"Yes, ma'am."

"From the looks of it, you ate more than a few." Her features hard and sharp, her mother stared at her in judgment.

"The crows were eating them . . . we wanted to be crows," Dalia said.

Her father laughed. "You could do worse . . . my Darling Doll."

"So it's funny now?" her mother said, her dark eyes huffy. "My children acting like those filthy scavengers, and you're laughing."

"Violet," her father said. "The girls ate some of your grapes. Ain't that what they're for?"

"Isn't, not ain't. . . . Isn't that what they're for?" her mother corrected him, her gaze haughty as it traveled down his body and focused on the red clay on the floor. "We've been cleaning this house for days, and in the space of a few minutes you've made it dirty. Brought that dirty camp back home with you. Brought that filth into my clean house. You might be coarse and common," she hissed, "but I'll not let you turn my girls into crows . . . into you."

"I'm not like Papa," Dalia said defensively.

"Coarse, common," her father echoed as her mother whipped by him. "I may be coarse," he yelled after her, "but I sure as hell ain't common. And ya'll sure as hell ain't my family. A family is a man's own thing, but ya'll don't even want to claim me. Well, then," he said, shooting Dalia a wounded look, "if that's what you and your mama think of me, I reckon I'll ride back to my filthy camp, where my woodsmen respect me."

"Papa-" Dalia started to speak.

"Crows treat their own better than this," her father said indignantly. "You're no crow, missy." Spinning around, he stomped off toward the foyer, making Dalia flinch with guilt as he slammed through the front door.

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Interviews & Essays

A Q&A with the Author

How did you come to the unusual idea of writing about turpentine and longleaf pines? Can you tell us a little bit more about this industry in the postwar South?

For years, I thought about writing an epic novel set in the Deep South at the turn of the century. I had even pieced together a beginning, an outline of about seventy pages, but these pages didn't work for me. They were too episodic. I needed to round out the story, to put more flesh on my characters, and to do this I needed a backdrop. I didn't want to write about the cotton fields of Georgia. So many fine writers had done this already. I wanted a different backdrop, but what would it be? The answer came while I was visiting a childhood friend of my father's in Cincinnati. Christine Cox grew up during the 1930s in Cordele, Georgia, my hometown. "My daddy was a turpentine farmer," she told me that day as I complained about my novel. "Why don't you write about the longleaf pines of the coastal plains? Make turpentining the background of your story." The minute she suggested this, I found myself sailing back in time. Closing my eyes, I breathed in the loud scent of turpentine. Once you have smelled it, you always remember it, and I had smelled it often enough as a child. Although the turpentine era had basically ended when I was growing up in south-central Georgia during the 1950s, there were still a few woodsmen left. In fact, my maternal grandfather had dabbled in the business; so, I had memories that I could draw upon-recollections that inspired me to read more about the industry. I learned that at the turn of the century, Savannah, Georgia, had been the largest exporter of turpentine products in the world. From the gum of the longleaf pine, spirits of turpentine, tar, pitch, and other products were made. The industry was also known as naval stores because shipbuilders would caulk the seams of their vessels with pitch.

The story evokes its historical time period flawlessly. Did you do a lot of historical research in order to get the setting just right? How much of the Georgian setting is real, and how much imagined?

Of course, I read books about the history of the turpentine industry. Carroll B. Butler's Treasures of the Longleaf Pines proved to be a wonderful resource, as was Pete Gerrell's The Illustrated History of the Naval Stores (Turpentine) Industry. Janisse Ray's Ecology of a Cracker Childhood prompted me to think about my own years growing up in south-central Georgia. During the writing of The Woodsman's Daughter, my husband and I traveled throughout the South. We visited a turpentine distillery on the outskirts of Waycross, Georgia, toured the River Road plantation houses in Louisiana, and spent time in Natchez, Mississippi, and Charleston, South Carolina. Because I grew up in a Greek Revival, antebellum home, I found myself using it as a model for Miller's Mansion, but mostly I relied on my imagination for the novel's detail and color. The towns of Samson, Snake River, and Millertown and the acres and acres of old-growth longleaf pines sprang from my imagination. My inner world seldom lets me down.

You really pay attention to the natural setting: the novel is full of descriptions of flowers, trees, herbs, and the weather. Is nature one of your inspirations as a writer? Are there any places that are particularly evocative for you?

According to Penelope Lively, the great British writer, "a perception of landscape is something learned-it depends upon individual knowledge and experience." Hence, as I child, I didn't really see the natural world around me. I had grown up amid the longleaf pines of Georgia, the strong smell of pine gum burning my nostrils. I had walked among rows of striped watermelons in huge, flat fields, picked up nuts in large pecan groves, and gone swimming in Lake Blackshear-oblivious to the rich farmland beneath its murky surface, unaware that it had been formed by the damming of the Flint River years ago. For when one is a child, a river is simply a river-a place for fun and swimming, not part of something grand that makes a whole. An ancient longleaf is just another pine tree. Unknown to the child is the land's history-the turpentine industry and the subsequent destruction of the old-growth longleaf pine forests. A pecan grove becomes merely a place where one can pick up the nuts that will go into a pie later-the lovely serenity beneath the trees, unnoticed. At that time, I was too young to see the natural world through the lens of experience and knowledge. As you age, though, you learn how to see the landscape around you. When I started writing fiction, I finally understood the impact the land had made on me. The rugged mountains of Kentucky became the perfect setting for Icy Sparks, my first novel. In The Woodsman's Daughter, my inspiration was drawn from the coastal plains of Georgia, and the unusual beauty of this landscape made creating a sense of place easy. Whenever I wanted to describe Dalia's natural world, my imagination would bring the piney woods vividly to life.

You also write a lot about food; in fact, it's hard to read this novel without becoming very hungry. Did you research cooking methods of the time period, or has Southern cooking remained much the same over time? Do you cook?

I love to cook because it both stimulates and relaxes me. That is why cooking and food always find their way into my books. Because I have cooked in a variety of settings, including on a wood-cook stove, I had to do very little research into cooking methods for The Woodsman's Daughter. My research never stopped, however, when it came to eating traditional Southern dishes. During my driving tour of the South, I relished sampling the cuisine of the low country and, much to my delight, found that it was every bit as scrumptious as I remembered it. For instance, the taste of shrimp and grits in a restaurant in Charleston, South Carolina, sent me into fits of ecstasy, but I must confess that while writing The Woodsman's Daughter I took some liberties with traditional recipes. I decided that a hint of saffron in the grits at the Suwannee Inn would make the dish more exotic to Dalia, so I tossed it in, although I had never seen anyone use this seasoning when I was growing up. Finally, I must pay tribute to my writer friend, Sidney Saylor Farr. Needing some help with the ingredients for Katie Mae's burnt sugar cake, I immediately knew where to find them-in the pages of More Than Moonshine, Sidney's terrific cookbook.

Writing in dialect can be hard, but you seem to do it naturally. How did you get into the language of these characters?

All I had to do was remember. As I only hint at dialect, the dialogue in my novel was not difficult to create.

Dalia's relationship with her father is one of the central axes around which the book revolves. Did you intend for this to be a story about a father and daughter, or were you more interested in parents and children generally?

The Woodsman's Daughter explores the importance of breaking the chains of negative behavior passed down from one generation to the next in a family. The dysfunctional nature of the Millers is exemplified by Dalia's interaction with her father; therefore, it was essential for me to explore their tumultuous relationship. Still, though, had Violet been less passive and more present as a mother, Dalia and Nellie Ann would have fared better. As the novel unfolds, Dalia's inability to bond with her son and her obsession with her daughter keep the family legacy of dysfunction intact. Only by opening her eyes to her faults and accepting them is Dalia able to break free of the destructive behavior that binds her. She must embrace the good and bad in the natural world, in human beings, and in herself before she can change.

On the same theme, what do you think about parental legacies, and children's chances for escaping negative ones? Do you think the characters in The Woodsman's Daughter are able to break free of their parents' expectations and influence?

In Icy Sparks, Icy must accept the fact that her neurological disorder helped to make her the person she is. In The Woodsman's Daughter, Dalia ultimately realizes that her parents' legacy of order and disorder has shaped her. She must see this legacy clearly and be brutally honest about it if she is going to bequeath a more positive legacy to Marion, and at the end of the novel, she does just this, even though she has paid a tremendous price for the wrong choices she made. Yes, certainly, children can escape the negative legacies of their parents.

The novel really belongs to its women, and not just Dalia: Katie Mae, Clara Nell, and Gladys Larkin are just a few of the strong women encountered in these pages. Were you particularly interested in writing about women's lives, the particular limitations and challenges they face?

Growing up female in the South during the conservative 1950s and early 1960s was difficult. I was taught that a lady was always polite, that she didn't make waves, didn't argue. It was my duty, I was told, to be gracious at all times. I remember that years after my father's death in 1963, most of my mother's correspondence was still addressed to "Mrs. Mac H. Hyman," and even the tag on our plastic-wrapped clothes from the dry cleaners read "Mrs. Mac H. Hyman." At thirteen, I was already aware that something was wrong. It seemed to me that as soon as my mother married, she disappeared, and I began to think about ways-other than plotting and manipulating, the only tactics left to Southern women-to make myself heard. When I came of age during the 1960s, the race, class, and gender issues that engulfed the nation also engulfed me. And over time, I grew to resent the injustice of racial discrimination, so systemic to the South, the horror of the Vietnam War unfolding before me, and the restrictions placed on my gender. The parallels between the suffragist movement of the 1900s and the feminist movement of the 1960s intrigued me, motivating me to write about the limitations and challenges that strong women faced in the years following the Civil War.

It's amazing, given all that she goes through, that Dalia never seems like a victim. How did you manage as a writer to give her so much agency?

Flawed yet strong-willed, Dalia is a complex person. Hurt by her mother's passivity, she goes to the other extreme and becomes a woman of reaction, too often acting without thinking, and these impulsive acts-like burning the barn down and letting the hog loose-are her undoing. Yet, in spite of this character flaw, she has her own idiosyncratic code of honor when it comes to succeeding in life. For example, she refuses to go along with Frances Fairchild's scheme for trapping Herman McKee into marriage and comes up with another plan -- no less manipulative but at least her own. Dalia's determined spirit keeps her from falling into the role of victim and makes her sympathetic, even when she's at her worst.

Do you think of this as a specifically Southern story, either generally or for particular characters? If so, in what ways?

Monroe Miller is a turpentine operator. The turpentine industry flourished in only one region of this country-the Southern coastal plains where the longleaf pine grew in abundance. Consequently, The Woodsman's Daughter can only be a Southern story. The food described in the novel, such as grits, corn pone, turnip greens, smothered dove; the overwhelming heat and humidity; the gnats-south of the Mason-Dixon line only, the mosquitoes, the rattlers and moccasins; the dialect-all of these things add to the novel's Southernness, as do the biracial way of life, the extremes of wealth and poverty, and the struggle of class and culture. But Dalia herself most embodies the dilemma of the South, for her story is about change, about acknowledging the wrongs of the past and trying to make them right.

The ending is deeply emotional and unsettling, especially Clara Nell's fate. Were those scenes difficult to write? What do you see for Dalia's future? For the rest of her family?

According to Chekhov, an emotional scene should be handled with restraint, viewed with a cold eye from a distance. For this reason, I struggled with those final scenes involving Clara Nell, writing them over and over until I felt I had achieved the proper distance and eliminated any trace of sentimentality.

As to what will become of Dalia and her family, my imagination tells me that her remaining years will not be easy. How could they be, considering the tremendous guilt she has to carry? During the four years it took for me to write this novel, I fell under Dalia's spell and by the end adored her. All I wanted was to take her into my arms and hold her, and so this is what I had her do for Marion. I was determined to make her last act a thoughtful one-born of hope, forgiveness, and love.

Do you know what your next book project will be? Will it be set in the South?

Since The Woodsman's Daughter is lengthy and took so long to write, I resolved that my next novel would be shorter. It is a contemporary comedy, set in Kentucky. I've never wanted to repeat myself as a writer because I feared repetition would make the creative process too safe and boring. In other words, I never thought of writing a sequel to Icy Sparks, though many people suggested that I do it. I'd like for my readers to feel the way I do when I begin a good book. I want them to ask themselves, "Where is she going to take me now?"

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Reading Group Guide

Introduction From the Publisher

The Woodsman's Daughteris an epic of the South revolving around the dramatic life of beautiful, headstrong Dalia Miller. Gwyn Hyman Rubio, author of Icy Sparks, puts her heroine at the center of three generations of a troubled family in Georgia. The daughter of a domineering father (a "coarse but never common" laborer) and a genteel, passive mother, Dalia is born into a family rocked by illness, addiction, and bitter rivalry. Amid a lush setting of vast forest, historic homes, and Southern tradition, she must find a way to reconcile the legacy of her past with the independent woman she wishes to become.

Set during the turbulent years that followed the Civil War and leading through the Roaring Twenties, The Woodsman's Daughter also delineates the story of a nation struggling to resolve vast disparities in wealth and the lingering effects of slavery. For Monroe Miller, Dalia's father, the end of the war provides an opportunity to escape the lower classes and become a self-made man. He creates his own utopia at Millertown in the midst of the pine forests that he mines for gum to make into turpentine. An alcoholic desperate for his family's love, he is thwarted in his efforts to be respected at home, but in Millertown he finds the respect he needs: "Stretching as far as the eyes could see . . . pines saluting him with their long, upright needles" (p. 82). But his home life only grows more troubled as he guards the secret of the illness of his younger daughter, Nellie Mae.

The scars of her childhood travel with Dalia as she comes of age and strikes out on her own. Determined to be self-sufficient and free, she grows into a woman versed in manipulation, conscious that her greatest asset is her striking beauty, and determined to use any means necessary to raise her station in life. The changing landscape of American women's lives comes into sharp focus through the shift in women's roles that Dalia encounters as she grows older, marries, and has children.

The Woodsman's Daughter is an unsentimental portrayal of the sometimes tragic ways in which the past lays its imprint across our lives. Yet it is written in a lush and lyrical prose that evokes a rapturous appreciation of nature's beauty and bounty and engenders hope for the resurrective powers of land and love. Longleaf pines, home-cooked food, and medicinal herbs are driving characters in this distinctively Southern, unmistakably American book. Gwyn Hyman Rubio has given us a family and an unforgettable heroine who together reflect the full range of human possibility: proud and kind, ambitious and loving, desperate and generous, and always striving. As they search for independence, joy, and financial security, the Millers echo the growing pains of a new country, in a stunning novel that confirms Rubio's position as a major voice in Southern fiction.

About Gwyn Hyman Rubio
Gwyn Hyman Rubio has been nominated for a Pushcart Press Editors' Book Award and anthologized in Above Ground: Stories About Life and Death by New Southern Writers. She is also a winner of the Cecil Hackney Award as well as a recipient of grants from the Kentucky Arts Council and the Kentucky Foundation for Women.

Discussion Questions From the Publisher
1. Monroe Miller is a complex man, one ill-suited for his home life but who flourishes in his work environment. He says that at home, "the silent recrimination drove him mad" (p. 73) while at Millertown he is revered. Do you think that he deserves to be treated with scorn by his wife and children or do you think he is misunderstood by them? How might his home life have been different?

2. Being self-made is a point of pride for both Dalia and her father. The Morris family is an example of an independently wealthy, upper-class family, one that nettles both father and daughter. What kind of dependence is it that the Millers fear? Do you think they are as self-sufficient as they'd like to be? In what ways do they rely on others?

3. For her powerful, frightening father, Dalia's heart gives "One beat for affection. The next for disdain" (p. 5). Dalia's relationship with Monroe is foundational to her character. Think over some of the decisions and choices she makes throughout the book: In what way were they influenced by her childhood? By her domineering father? Or do you think her mother's influence is more evident?

4. Violet Miller seems disempowered and apathetic, yet she, too, has her means of gaining control and exacting revenge. How does she achieve some sense of agency in her life? What do you think she feels for her daughters, and how does she express it?

5. When Dalia burns down the barn, why doesn't she take responsibility? Why doesn't Katie Mae ask her to? Consider how the relationship between Katie Mae and Dalia changes throughout the course of the novel. What do you think Katie Mae feels toward Dalia? Is it the same as what she professes to feel for "her child," Nellie Ann?

Addiction is a major obstacle for many of the characters in this book. Who suffers the adverse affects of drugs and alcohol use? What is it that drives these characters toward intoxication and away from the realities of their lives? Who suffers as a result?

6. Dalia has deeply conflicted feelings about being a mother. She has difficulties with pregnancy and childrearing and sometimes acts irrationally toward both of her children as they grow up. Why do you think she treats Marion and Clara Nell so differently? What might be at the root of her overprotectiveness? Think about her early role as caretaker for Nellie Ann, and whether that experience might have influenced how she responds to motherhood. Does she learn and improve as a mother over time?

7. Who are Dalia's female role models? What do they show her about her own possibilities? Consider the women she has around her at different stages of her life, and then contrast them to the examples that Clara Nell has before her. How have things changed for women? Is it all progress or are there trenchant difficulties that persist throughout the time period of the novel, ones that affect how "free" Clara Nell can become?

8. In what ways does Dalia repeat the mistakes of her parents? In what ways is her life an improvement over theirs? What about Clara Nell-does she live a life that is substantially different from her mother's? Do any of the Millers truly find a way to live free of the past?

9. Think over the role of magic and women's medicinal knowledge in the book. Who uses good magic? Who has access to dark or dangerous magic? Consider the herbs that Dalia and Katie Mae grow and use to make a living, but also the fate of Clara Nell. How is magic related to women's empowerment? How is its use frightening or perilous?

10. The post-Civil War South had its own challenges to face during the time period of The Woodsman's Daughter. In what ways do you see the country, and the South in particular, changing throughout the novel? Can you find evidence of slavery and war in the events or characters? Which traditions persist and which wane?

11. Who achieves happiness, whether momentary or lasting, over the course of the novel? Think through the lives of Monroe, Clara Nell, Marion, and Katie Mae. What gives them joy or satisfaction? Who, in the end, seems to have found peace?

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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 3.5
( 13 )
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Sort by: Showing all of 13 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted September 27, 2008

    Can't wait to finish

    I try to always finish a book when I start one but I'm having to force myself with this one. The title grabbed me but I've been disappointed from page one. The story line is good but I have trouble with the vocabulary. Some of the things Dalia said do not sound typical of a 15 year old girl. Same thing with most of the other characters. Doubt that I'll buy another book from this author.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 20, 2008

    No memorable characters

    The atmosphere of this book was interesting but it was not a page turner. It took effort to finally finish it. The characters were depressing throughout.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 19, 2007

    Glad I bought it on sale

    I bought this because it sounded like the type of novel I enjoy. I was very disappointed. I think the biggest turn off for me was that I didn't find any of the central characters likeable. Dalia was self-centered, shallow, and downright mean. Only the peripheral characters were a bit interesting - Gladys Larkin, Cousin Juliet. I finshed the book but it required effort.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 29, 2006

    I expected more....

    This book was a disappointment. I was expecting better writing and a better storyline. I'm sure that a typical woman living during those times may have reacted and made decisions in the same way that Dalia did, but I was hoping that Dalia would perhaps take over the family business after her father's death, becoming an independent woman who didn't need to rely on husbands for money. I just didn't find her character or any of the other characters, for that matter, very believable. I'm sure people truly were different and behaved in different ways back then, but I couldn't get into the book and never had any feelings of empathy or understanding for many of the characters - especially Dalia. As one other reviewer mentioned, the author should have focused more on a character like Katie Mae, a strong black woman who stood up to her beliefs and didn't compromise herself.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 29, 2006

    Good But Could Be Better

    I find Monroe the most sympathetic character, despite his flaws and the wounds they inflict on others. Portrayals of most of the other men and boys in the book are very unattractive and somewhat one-dimensional. Though I respect Dalia for her survival skills, I don't 'like' her, and I wish she were motivated by something other than fear and self-preservation...I find her strong yet shallow. Nellie Ann and Katie Mae are far more interesting characters with whom one can identify. I'm enjoying reading this book but don't love it...I agree that Ms. Rubio is a talented writer, and I'm looking forward to main characters more complex and nuanced.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 14, 2005

    An Unforgettable Novel!!!

    A thoroughly engrossing novel set in Southern Georgia in the late nineteenth-century, Ms. Rubio delivers a complex and captivating saga. With well-drawn characters, tragic events and drama, Ms. Rubio shows a deep understanding of the power, conflicts and conditions that threaten our lives as women and men. Monroe Miller is a self-made turpentine farmer who owns thousands of acres of pine woods which he refers to as `Miller Town¿. With great respect for Monroe and living on his land, his workers toil long hours for their boss. Monroe has an ongoing conflict with Lollie Morris who is a neighbour with more money than he. Monroe spends a great deal of time consuming alcohol which is the only way he feels he can deal with the mistake he made in his life. Monroe¿s home life is wrought with hatred from his wife Violet and his eldest daughter, 15-year-old Dalia who sees Monroe as a crass and arrogant drunk. Monroe tries to make amends with his family for the mistake he made but Dalia finds out what the mistake was and begins to hate her father with a deeper passion and conviction. Violet, addicted to opium, spends most of her time in bed and is angered over Monroe¿s weekend drinking binges. Dalia is bold, outspoken and spoiled but eventually takes on the task of protecting her younger sister Nellie Ann, a sickly girl who has been blind from birth. Dalia is neglected by both her drug addicted and distant mother and her absent, drunken father which leaves her life wrought with hard choices and truly heart rendering moments. After learning of her father¿s mistake, Dalia becomes the axe that drives a wedge into any semblance of family the Miller¿s hoped to have. Katie Mae, the family¿s long time cook, plays the role of `mediator¿ in the Miller household. A smart woman who knows the people of the Miller household well and is adept at knowing what makes them tick. Dalia, at nineteen, moves away to the town of Samson with what she sees as her 'effeminate' son Marion and her daughter Clara Nell. Dalia¿s sights are set on hooking a rich man and marrying him. She marries Dr. Herman McKee the town dentist but soon realizes her marriage does not provide the stability, love and happiness that she so craves. Dalia repeats the distance and neglect that Monroe and Violet visited upon her with her own son Marion. Never holding the child, hugging or kissing him. Dalia instead focuses on Clara Nell and literally smothers the girl in protection and adoration. Dalia refuses to allow Clara Nell to be a child, to play jump rope with her school chums or play at recess. Dalia removes Clara Nell from school and hires tutors to teach her at home where she can keep a closer and tighter hold on her daughter. Eventually Clara Nell runs away to marry Dayton Morris who is the son of Monroe¿s enemy Lollie Morris. Clara Nell being a free spirit, with a mind of her own, learns about Margaret Sanger and her fight for equality for women which bolsters her confidence and spiritedness in making choices in her life. Throughout the novel, Dalia is an ambivalent, self-centered and selfish woman who becomes hardened and sullen from her years of trials and heartbreaking situations in her life. Just as Monroe finds redemption for his sinful soul, so does Dalia through her breakdown and stay at the Milledgeville State Hospital where 'the atmosphere is safe and repetitive...' Family visits with Dalia prove to be silent and without conversation. Marion is frustrated with his mother's silence but Nurse Hendricks reminds him that 'melancholia is unpredictable...we must keep our spirits up.' Through Vita, another patient in the hospital, Dalia begins the process of finding redemption, peace and understanding. Upon her return home, Dalia strives to make peace. She sees Marion's baby son, her grandson and says: 'Why Marion, I didn't see it at first, but he has your hands. Those long delicate fingers. The first thing I noticed when you were born were your

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 20, 2005

    An Important Novel

    While it is true that The Woodsman's Daughter is a story of women struggling against the oppressions of late-19th/early 20th century South Georgia society--and a covincing one, making us feel the effects of that oppression in nearly every aspect of these women's lives--it is far more nuanced and complex a novel than such a description suggests. Rubio never reduces her characters to simple victims and oppressors. 'Power, pure power,' Dalia says, observing the beauty of her own body in the mirror. And it is. She has power over men's reputations, men's hearts, and men's ideas of themselves. With a near Flaubertian refusal to romanticize, Rubio allows her characters the ignorance that inevitably leads to such power's abuse. Male sensitivity is regarded as weakness, and male weakness is deplorable (Rubio makes female disgust palpable with her prose): it is a mistake, as Anais Nin once wrote, that nearly doomed our culture. The tragedy it brings upon these characters feels inevitable. Men--fathers, husbands, sons--who are too broad-spirited to fit the increasingly narrow ideals of what a man should be are cast into the shadows, where they remain like invisible presences, loving but mostly unloved, while the charlatans take the spotlight and abuse their position with increasingly cruelty. One feels especially for Monroe, who is both charlatan and man, and whose dilemma seems everyman's, as what drives his wife and children away from him seems not only the excesses of work or alcohol or sex, nor even the disease (blown up into all the proportions of Sin, as it is sexual) with which he afflicts them, but the audacity and drive from which these flaws result, and without which he too might very well have remained half-invisible shadow, unnoticed and unloved. The concluding reconciliation makes one wish that these people, women and men alike, had had more courage to empathize--a courage that this novel seeks to give.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 15, 2005

    A most compelling story

    I found The Woodsman¿s Daughter to be a work of deep understanding of the conflicts and conditions that threaten our lives. Rubio is both insightful and understanding of the advocacy of the issues that break people¿s hearts such as abortion, marriage and the family. Dahlia¿s trials of childhood neglect, sisterly love and her lifetime of hard choices and heartbreaking moments all made for a most believable and absorbing read. The tribulations of lifetimes of hard living left Monroe, Dahlia and Clara Nell with unresolved wounds that were often inflicted on others as well as themselves. The characters struggled but faced the tensions of their lives in familiar and often dangerous ways. Thank you Ms Rubio and I look forward to more afternoons of pure enchantment with another of your novels.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 23, 2005

    A marvelous novel

    Don't miss this engrossing book about 3 generations in south Georgia. The Woodsman's Daughter features bold characters, a swift-moving story, remarkable detail and emotional depth. Thanks to Ms. Rubio for another fascinating read.

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    Posted January 27, 2010

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    Posted March 24, 2009

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    Posted October 24, 2008

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    Posted January 27, 2009

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