The Writing Process: A Concise Rhetoric, Reader, and Handbook / Edition 8

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This concise writing guide demystifies writing by presenting the writing process as a series of critical thinking decisions about audience and purpose. Widely–used for its clear, readable writing style, The Writing Process is Longman's most concise rhetoric/reader/handbook combination, presenting accessible coverage of the writing process, complete discussions and models of the rhetorical modes, and a brief handbook. Emphasizing writing as decision–making, the text offers practice in analyzing the unique rhetorical demands of each writing situation by showing how considerations of audience and purpose influence writing. Individuals who want a thorough guide to writing with readings and a brief handbook.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321133755
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/17/2003
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 592
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

* Denotes new reading selection.


Writing as Decision Making.
How Writing Looks.
How Writing Makes a Difference.
Decisions in Collaborative Writing.
Decisions About Writing with Computers.

1. Decisions in the Writing Process.
Decision Making and the Writing Process.
Case Study: One Writer's Decision Making Process.
The Looping Structure of the Writing Process.
Life in Full Color, Shirley Haley (Student).
Confessions of a Food Addict, Wendy Gianacoples (Student).
Options for Essay Writing.

2. Decisions in Planning.
Deciding on a Topic, Purpose, Thesis, and Audience.
Case Study: Analyzing Your Writing Situation.
Discovering, Selecting and Organizing Your Material.
Guidelines for Brainstorming.
Case Study: Exploring and Arranging Assets.
Finding Your Voice.
The Writer's Planning Guide.
Planning for Group Work.
Guidelines for Writing Collaboratively.

3. Decisions in Drafting.
Drafting the Title and Introduction.
Drafting the Body Section.
Drafting the Conclusion.
Case Study: Drafting the Essay.
Drafting on the Computer.
Guidelines for Drafting on the Computer.
Cars R Us, Maureen Malloy (Student).

4. Decisions in Revising.
The Meaning of Revision.
Revision Checklist.
Using the Checklist.
Case Study: Revising the Draft.
Revising with Peers.
Guidelines for Peer Reviewing and Editing.
Proofreading Your Final Draft.
Guidelines for Proofreading.


How Good Is “Good Enough” ?
Revising from the Top Down.
Beefing Up the Content.
Harnessing Paragraph Power.
Honing the Sentences.
Finding the Perfect Wording.

5. Revising the Content: Writing Something Worthwhile.
Make It Credible.
Make It Informative.
Make It Complete.
Credit Your Information Sources.
Walk But Don't Run, Jeff Leonard (Student).

6. Revising the Paragraphs: Shaping for Readers' Access.
Support Paragraphs as Mini-Essays.
Paragraph Function.
Paragraph Length.
The Topic Statement.
How Audience and Purpose Determine a Topic Statement's Focus.
Structural Variations in Support Paragraphs.
Paragraph Unity.
Paragraph Coherence.

7. Revising the Sentences: Writing with Style.
Aim for Clarity.
Trim the Fat.
Help Sentences Flow.

8. Revising the Words and Phrases: Fine-Tuning.
Say Something Genuine.
Aim for Precision.
Sharpen the Visual Details.
Add Some Personality.
Guidelines for Deciding About Tone.
Guidelines for Achieving A Conversational Tone.
Invite Everyone In.
Guidelines for Nonsexist Usage.
Guidelines for Inoffensive Usage.
Legal and Ethical Implications of Word Choice.
Using Automated Tools Effectively.


Three Major Goals of Writing.
Major Development Strategies.
Using This Section.
A Word About Structural Variations.

9. Decisions About Reading for Writing.
Different Levels of Reading.
Different Readers, Different Meanings.
Reading Strategies for Writers.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
Suggestions for Reading and Writing.
Guidelines for Reading to Respond.
Why I Want a Wife, Judy Brady.
A Long Way to Go, Jacqueline LeBlanc (Student).
*Seeing, Annie Dillard.
*Sailboats, Shirley Haley (Student).

10. Helping Others See and Share an Experience: Description and Narration.
Using Objective Description to Inform.
Using Subjective Description to Make a Point.
Using Objective Narration to Explain.
Guidelines for Description.
Using Subjective Narration to Make a Point.
Guidelines for Narration.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
Options for Essay Writing.
Off-Season, Pam Herbert (Student).
Black Men and Public Space, Brent Staples.
Back at the Ranch, Jay Allison.
The Old Guy, Al Andrade (Student).

11. Illustrating for Readers: Examples.
Using Examples to Explain.
Using Examples to Make a Point.
Guidelines for Illustrating With Examples.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
Options for Essay Writing.
A Case Of 'Severe Bias', Patricia Raybon.
My Time Capsule, Gina Ciolfi (Student).

12. Explaining Parts and Categories: Division and Classification.
Using Division to Explain.
Using Division to Make a Point.
Using Classification to Explain.
Guidelines for Division.
Using Classification to Make a Point.
Guidelines for Classification.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
Options for Essay Writing.
*Doubts About Doublespeak, William Lutz.
We Like It Here, Patrick LaChane (Student).

13. Explaining Steps and Stages: Process Analysis.
Using Process Analysis to Explain.
Guidelines for Giving Instructions.
Using Process Analysis to Make a Point.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
How to Deal With Snakebites, Frank White.
A First Week Survival Guide for Computers, CatherineNichols (Student).
How Acid Rain Develops, Spreads, and Destroys, Bill Kelly (Student).
Dumpster Diving, Lars Eighner.

14. Explaining Why It Happened or What Will Happen: Cause-And-Effect Analysis.
Using Causal Analysis to Explain: Definite Causes.
Using Causal Analysis to Make a Point: Possible or Probable Causes.
Reasoning from Effect to Cause.
Guidelines for Effect-To-Cause Analysis.
Reasoning from Cause to Effect.
Guidelines for Cause-to-Effect Analysis.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
I Don't Like What You're Wearing, David Updike.
Should Schools Try to Boost Self-Esteem?—Beware the Dark Side, Ray F Baumeister.
*School Uniforms: A Recipe for School Reform, John Saurette (student).

15. Explaining Similarities or Differences: Comparison and Contrast.
Developing a Comparison.
Developing a Contrast.
Developing a Combined Comparison and Contrast.
Using Comparison and Contrast to Explain.
Using Comparison and Contrast to Make a Point.
A Special Kind Of Comparison: Analogy.
Guidelines for Comparison and Contrast.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
Options for Essay Writing.
Abortion Is Too Complex to Feel All One Way About, Anna Quindlen.
Is Online Education Taking Us Anywhere?, John Manning (Student).

16. Explaining the Exact Meaning: Definition.
Using Denotative Definitions to Explain.
Using Connotative Definitions to Make a Point.
Choosing the Level of Detail in a Definition.
Parenthetical Definition.
Sentence Definition.
Expanded Definition.
Guidelines for Definition.
Case Study: Responding to Reading.
Options for Essay Writing.
Gossip, Francine Prose.
*Community Service Serves Everyone, Kerry Donahue (Student).

17. Using Multiple Strategies in a Persuasive Argument.
Anticipating Audience Resistance.
Having a Debatable Point.
Supporting Your Claim.
Shaping a Clear Line of Thought.
Connecting with Your Audience.
Considering the Ethical Dimension.
Guidelines for Persuasion.
Various Arguments for Various Goals.
Case Studies: Responding to Reading.
Options for Essay Writing.
On Reading Trash, Bob Swift.
Credit Cards: Leave Home Without Them, Julia Schoonover (Student).
Standards You Meet And Don't Duck, William Raspberry.
Save Liberal Arts, Suzanne Gilbertson (Student).
A Proposal for Better Use of the Television Set in the Campus Center, Patricia Haith (Student).
Letter to the Boss, Marcia White (Student).

18. Special Issues in Persuasion.
Appealing to Reason.
Recognizing Invalid or Deceptive Reasoning.
Appealing to Emotion.
Guidelines for Making Emotional Appeals.
Bonfire, Adam Szymkowicz.


Introduction—Thinking Critically About the Research Process.
Asking the Right Questions.
Exploring a Balance of Views.
Achieving Adequate Depth in Your Search.
Guidelines for Evaluating Expert Information.
Evaluating Your Findings.
Interpreting Your Findings.

19. Asking Questions and Finding Answers.
Deciding on a Research Topic.
Guidelines for Choosing a Research Topic.
Primary Versus Secondary Sources.
Hard Copy Versus Electronic Sources.
Exploring Internet Sources.
Exploring Other Electronic Sources.
Keyword Searches Using Boolean Operators.
Guidelines for Researching on the Internet.
Using Electronic Mail.
Guidelines for Using Email.
Exploring Hard Copy Sources.
Informative Interviews.
Guidelines for Informative Interviews.
Surveys and Questionnaires.
Inquiry Letters, Phone Calls, and Email Inquiries.
Public Records and Organizational Publications.
Personal Observation.
Guidelines for Developing a Questionnaire.

20. Recording, Evaluating, and Interpreting Your Findings.
Taking Notes.
Guidelines for Recording Research Findings.
Quoting the Work of Others.
Guidelines for Quoting the Words of Others.
Paraphrasing the Work of Others.
Guidelines for Paraphrasing the Words of Others.
Preparing Summaries and Abstracts.
Guidelines for Summarizing Information and Preparing an Abstract.
Ethical Considerations in Summarizing Information.
Evaluating the Sources.
Guidelines for Evaluating Sources on the Web.
Evaluating the Evidence.
Interpreting Your Findings.
Avoiding Statistical Fallacies.
Guidelines for Critically Analyzing Information.
Assessing Your Inquiry.

21. Documenting Your Sources.
Why You Should Document.
What Should You Document.
How Should You Document.
MLA Documentation Style.
APA Documentation Style.

22. Composing the Research Report.
Developing a Working Thesis and Outline.
Drafting Your Report.
Revising Your Report.
A Sample Report in APA Style.
Research Report.
Campus Crime: A Hidden Issue, Julia Schoonover (Student).

23. Case Study: A Sample Research Project.
Discovering a Worthwhile Topic.
Focusing the Inquiry.
Searching the Literature.
Recording and Reviewing Findings.
Settling on a Thesis.
Writing and Documenting the Report in MLA Style.
Research Report.
Students Under Stress: College Can Make You Sick, Shirley Haley (Student).


Description and Narration.
*On the Ball, Roger Angell.
*Grandmother's Sunday Dinner, Patricia Hampl.
*Advertisements for Oneself, Lance Morrow.
*All You Can Eat, Michelle Stacey.
Division and Classification.
*All Junk, All the Time, Richard Brookhiser.
*The Dog Ate My Disk, and Other Tales of Woe, Carolyn Foster Segal.
Process Analysis.
*How to Write a Personal Letter, Garrison Keillor.
*How Boys Become Men, Jon Katz.
Cause-and Effect Analysis.
*Why We Crave Horror Movies, Stephen King.
*I Just Wanna Be Average, Mike Rose.
Comparison and Contrast.
*Parallel Worlds: The Surprising Similarities (and Differences) of Country-and-Western and Rap, Denise Noe.
*Neat People vs. Sloppy People, Suzanne Britt.
*The Company Man, Ellen Goodman.
*What's a Hillbilly?, Rebecca Thomas Kirkendall.
*Let Teenagers Try Adulthood, Leon Botstein.
*In Defense of Elitism, William A. Henry III.

Appendix A: Editing for Grammar, Punctuation, and Mechanics.
Faulty Coordination.
Faulty Subordination.

Appendix B: Format Guidelines for Submitting Your Manuscript.

Appendix C: Useful Web Sites and Electronic Library Resources.



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