The Xaripu Community across Borders: Labor Migration, Community, and Family

Paperback (Print)
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $11.45
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 60%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (5) from $11.45   
  • New (2) from $24.05   
  • Used (3) from $11.44   


During the past three decades there have been many studies of transnational migration. Most of the scholarship has focused on one side of the border, one area of labor incorporation, one generation of migrants, and one gender. In this path-breaking book, Manuel Barajas presents the first cross-national, comparative study to examine a Mexican-origin community’s experience with international migration and transnationalism. He presents an extended case study of the Xaripu community, with home bases in both Xaripu, Michoacán, and Stockton, California, and elaborates how various forms of colonialism, institutional biases, and emergent forms of domination have shaped Xaripu labor migration, community formation, and family experiences across the Mexican/U.S. border for over a century.

Of special interest are Barajas’s formal and informal interviews within the community, his examination of oral histories, and his participant observation in several locations. Barajas asks, What historical events have shaped the Xaripus’ migration experiences? How have Xaripus been incorporated into the U.S. labor market? How have national inequalities affected their ability to form a community across borders? And how have migration, settlement, and employment experiences affected the family, especially gender relationships, on both sides of the border?

The Xaripu Community is an exciting, refreshing, and critical ethnographic study that breaks new ground for theorizing transnational migration experiences and gender relationships across borders and challenges monolithic characterizations of Mexican migrants. Presenting a nuanced critique of previous frameworks, Barajas puts forward innovative assertions and arguments for an ‘interactive colonization’ framework that will have repercussions on debates about the Mexican migration experience in the United States.” —Mary Romero, Arizona State University

“This interesting work aims to develop a framework for understanding how the intersection of racism, patriarchy, and economic oppression affects labor migration, community formation, and gender dynamics among the Xaripu across borders. It contributes to our understanding of another facet of the Mexican experience of migration.” —Cecilia Menjivar editor of Latinos/as in the United States: Changing the Face of América
“Manuel Barajas does a masterful job of integrating various theoretical perspectives to provide us a more sophisticated understanding of one particular transnational community. His model of interactive colonialism draws from such diverse conceptual and methodological traditions as neocolonialism and internal colonialism, globalization theory, network theory, gender relations, and historical materialism. At the same time, his approach is firmly grounded in the specific experience of the transborder Xaripu community, based in both Mexico and California. The complexity of his framework is a necessary reflection of the multiple economic and social factors that are shaping this type of emergent globalized community.” —Mario Barrera, University of California, Berkeley

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780268022129
  • Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press
  • Publication date: 4/15/2009
  • Series: Latino Perspectives
  • Edition description: 1st Edition
  • Pages: 352
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Manual Barajas is associate professor of sociology at California State University, Sacramento.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

1 Introduction: Labor Migration, Community, and Family across Borders 1

An Overview of the Book 4

Biographical Sketches of Xaripu Labor Migrants 10

2 Theoretical Perspectives on Labor Migration 27

Structural Perspectives 29

Transnational Perspectives 33

Internal Colonialism 39

Moving beyond Traditional Perspectives 44

Interactive Colonization 45

Methods 55

3 A Social-Historical Context of Xaripu's Land Displacement and Labor Migration Experience 63

Origins of Xaripus 64

The Colonization of Michoacán (1521) 67

Mexican Independence (1810) 72

The Mexican Revolution (1910) 76

Agrarian Reform in Mexico (1917-1930s) 82

Bracero Period (1942-64) 87

Post-Bracero Period (1964-1980s) 93

Contextualizing Xaripus' Labor Migration in the History of Colonialism 97

4 The Logic of Colonialism in Modern Labor Relations 99

Colonial Labor in the Fields 100

Labor Conditions in California Agriculture 104

Out of the Fields 125

Race, Gender, and Colonialism in Modern Labor Relations 142

5 Haciendo Comunidad across Borders 145

Contextualizing and Conceptualizing Xaripu Transnationalism 146

Beyond Social Interaction: Convivir 153

Convivencia 154

Nepantla 163

Empowerment 174

The Challenge of Building a Cross-Border Community: Global Inequalities 180

6 The Family across Borders: Exploring Gaps in Perception and Practice of Gender Empowerment 183

Perspectives on Gender Relations within Immigrant Families 184

&iq;Quién Manda? (Who Has the Authority?) 191

The Division of Household Labor 199

The Impact of Transnationalism on Perceptions of Family and Gender Equity 203

The Complexities of GenderEmpowerment within the Family across Borders 210

7 A Pueblo's Search for Empowerment across Borders 213

Appendix 223

Notes 233

Works Cited 277

Index 309

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)