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Throughout much of the western world more and more people are being sent to prison, one of a number of changes inspired by a 'new punitiveness' in penal and political affairs. This book seeks to understand these developments, bringing together leading authorities in the field to provide a wide-ranging analysis of new penal trends, compare the development of differing patterns of punishment across different types of societies, and to provide a range of theoretical analyses and commentaries to help understand their significance.
As well as increases in imprisonment this book is also concerned to address a number of other aspects of 'the new punitiveness': firstly, the return of a number of forms of punishment previously thought extinct or inappropriate, such as the return of shaming punishments and chain gangs (in parts of the USA); and secondly, the increasing public involvement in penal affairs and penal development, for example in relation to length of sentences and the California Three Strikes Law, and a growing accreditation of the rights of victims.
The book will be essential reading for students seeking to understand trends and theories of punishment on law, criminology, penology and other courses.
|Pt. 1||Punitive trends|
|1||The great penal leap backward : incarceration in America from Nixon to Clinton||3|
|2||Continuity, rupture, or just more of the 'volatile and contradictory'? : glimpses of New South Wales' penal practice behind and through the discursive||27|
|3||Crime control in Western countries, 1970 to 2000||47|
|4||Supermax meets death row : legal struggles around the new punitiveness in the US||66|
|5||The liberal veil : revisiting Canadian penalty||85|
|6||Contemporary statecraft and the 'punitive obsession' : a critique of the new penology||101|
|Pt. 2||Globalization, technology, and surveillance|
|7||Globalization and the new punitiveness||121|
|8||Engaging with punitive attitudes towards crime and punishment : some strategic lessons from England and Wales||139|
|9||The ad and the form : punitiveness and technological culture||150|
|10||Electronic monitoring, satellite tracking, and the new punitiveness in England and Wales||167|
|Pt. 3||Non-punitive societies|
|11||Levels of punitiveness in Scandinavia : description and explanations||189|
|12||Missing the punitive turn? : Canadian criminal justice, 'balance', and penal modernism||201|
|13||When is a society non-punitive? : the Italian case||218|
|14||Modernity and the punitive||239|
|15||Elias, punishment, and decivilization||256|
|16||Liberal exclusions and the new punitiveness||272|
|17||Rethinking narratives of penal change in global context||290|