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Theodore Roosevelt in the Badlands chronicles the turbulent years Roosevelt spent as a rancher in the Badlands of Dakota Territory, following the sudden deaths on February 14, 1884, of his wife, two days after giving birth, and of his mother. Grief-stricken-and driven by doubts about his career after failed attempts as a reformer fighting political corruption-the young, Harvard-educated New York politician left his infant daughter in his sister's care and went to live on a Badlands ranch he had bought a year ...
Theodore Roosevelt in the Badlands chronicles the turbulent years Roosevelt spent as a rancher in the Badlands of Dakota Territory, following the sudden deaths on February 14, 1884, of his wife, two days after giving birth, and of his mother. Grief-stricken-and driven by doubts about his career after failed attempts as a reformer fighting political corruption-the young, Harvard-educated New York politician left his infant daughter in his sister's care and went to live on a Badlands ranch he had bought a year earlier. Drawing on Roosevelt's own accounts and on diverse archives, Roger Di Silvestro tells the exciting story of how the character and commitment of the future president and conservationist were forged during roundups, bronco busting, fist fights, grizzly bear hunts, and encounters with horse thieves as the Old West drew to its end. In the dramatic life story of Theodore Roosevelt, few adventures exceed those that he found in the Badlands.
Amid the outpouring of Theodore Roosevelt biographies, National Wildlife senior editor Di Silvestro (In the Shadow of Wounded Knee: The Untold Final Story of the Indian Wars, 2007, etc.) provides an examination focused on four years (1884–1888)of the president's early manhood.
The author painstakingly studies the period during which Roosevelt shuttled between New York City and the sparsely populated Dakota Territory. In 1878, Roosevelt was reeling from the death of his father. Two years later he married Alice, and four years after the marriage Alice gave birth to a daughter. But Alice died at age 22, just 48 hours after the baby's birth, and Roosevelt's mother died on the same day at age 48. Desperate to escape his sorrow, Roosevelt took leave from his job as state legislator to roam the ranges of the Dakotas. He had journeyed there during 1883 to hunt wild game, and the barren, starklybeautifulland captivated him so fully that he had purchased a ranch. Di Silvestro demonstrates how Roosevelt developed the ranch to become a serious breeder and seller of cattle. Although a minor celebrity among the rancher population because of his family's prominence back East, Roosevelt managed to fit in with the permanent residents of the Dakotas. Despite his frequent journeys back to New York to participate in politics, visit his baby daughter and his supportive siblings, the hardy Dakota settlers eventually decided Roosevelt was more than just a greedy carpetbagger. As the book's subtitle indicates, Roosevelt sought "recovery" by soaking up the culture of the Dakotas, and that sought-after recovery eventually came to him. At the end of 1888, he married Edith, who could not completely replace Alice but whom he loved dearly. The author makes the case that Roosevelt's sojourns to the Dakotas imbued him with a strong sense of environmentalism, and that earth-loving ethic became a hallmark of his years in the White House.
A good example of how focused biographical writing, when skillfully executed, can enlighten as well as afull-life biography.
Two years as governor led him to the vice presidency of the United States in 1901, a position he held for only a few months before the assassination of President William McKinley put Roosevelt in the White House at forty-two—still the youngest man ever to lead the nation. After a presidency during which he won the Nobel Peace Prize for settling the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, he went on a ten-month safari to East Africa, collecting specimens for the Smithsonian Institution and for the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, which his father had helped found in the 1870s. In the 1912 election he led the Progressive Party, a.k.a. the Bull Moose Party, to challenge Republican candidate William Howard Taft, who had become president in 1909 as Roosevelt's handpicked successor but had not lived up to Roosevelt's expectations. The 1912 race was one of Roosevelt's rare failures: He lost and so did Taft, giving the White House to Democrat Woodrow Wilson, whom Roosevelt despised. Partly in dismay over this development, Roosevelt went off to explore an uncharted river in South America for several months in late 1913 and early 1914, nearly killing himself with hardship. As a result of this trip, a river in Brazil bears his name.
Roosevelt's disdain for Wilson grew as the new president sought to avoid U.S. participation in World War I. After the United States entered the war in 1917, Roosevelt sought the administration's permission to raise an army regiment that he would lead, but he was rebuffed. All four of Roosevelt's sons served in Europe; the youngest, Quentin, was killed when the fighter plane he piloted was shot down. After the war, Roosevelt was widely bandied about as a potential Republican candidate in 1920, a race he might have run had not death found him first.
But before all that, before his career, as he himself put it, "rose like a rocket," before he became the stuff of American myth, legend, and misunderstanding, he was a young man suffering the anguish of a heart that broke on Valentine's Day 1884 when, within hours of each other, his mother and his wife died just two days after his wife had given birth to his first child.
Only twenty-four years old, Roosevelt for the past two years had served in the New York Assembly, where he had been enjoying perhaps the most promising political career in the state. Those twin deaths stunned him, however—friends worried that he would lose his mind—and by autumn he added to his sorrows the conviction that his political career, too, was dead, felled because he had sided with a controversial Republican presidential candidate. Bereft in his home life and bewildered by the downward drift of his career, he sought escape in one of the most remote and rugged places in the United States south of the Canadian border—the Badlands of Dakota Territory, America's last frontier, a wilderness only then opening to the cattle industry. There he established a ranch, adopted the buckskin garb of the pioneers, and spent generous amounts of time hunting dangerous game, such as grizzly bears and mountain lions. Before his sojourn in the Badlands ended, the West would play as large a role in Roosevelt's personal Manifest Destiny as it did in the nation's. Within two years he would find physical strength and emotional stability, salvaging the wreckage of his life and forging himself into the historical figure who would gaze down in stone from Mount Rushmore. Toward the end of his life he would say that if, for some reason, he had to give up all but one of his memories, out of the many adventures and accomplishments he had achieved and enjoyed, he would keep the memory "of my life on the ranch with its experiences close to Nature and among the men who lived nearest her."
He also said of the Badlands, during a campaign visit as a vice presidential candidate, "here the romance of my life began." This comment may be taken more literally than he probably intended. Love and its loss were motivators for much of what happened to him in the Badlands. Hermann Hagedorn, a biographer who wrote about Roosevelt's ranching years in a book published in 1921, looked back in the 1960s at what he had written so long before, and what he saw gave rise to these thoughts:
The real story of Theodore Roosevelt's ranching days has never been told. It involves Roosevelt's two wives, Alice Lee and Edith Carow, and when I wrote "Roosevelt in the Badlands," almost forty years ago, I was not in a position to tell all I knew and, in fact, I knew only part of the story. In the perspective of almost 75 years, the whole picture is now unfolding, and can be told.
It is a story of a brilliant and successful young man who came out to the Bad Lands in the summer of 1884, outwardly alive and alert but inwardly shattered by the death in childbirth of the young wife he had devotedly loved. He had grown up in a society in which the romantic conceptions of Victorian literature were indisputable realities, and was convinced that, when his wife, Alice, died, happiness for him had forever died with her. Like the familiar heroes of fiction who had loved and lost, he fled to the wilderness, not so much to forget what he had lost but to live his life in its afterglow. His attitude of mind was sentimental, morbid and unreal.
In the Badlands, Roosevelt recovered from that state of mind. He also revived politically and physically. This book is the story of his Badlands years.
Excerpted from THEODORE ROOSEVELT IN THE BADLANDS by Roger L. Di Silvestro Copyright © 2011 by Roger L. Di Silvestro. Excerpted by permission of WALKER & COMPANY. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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1 The Badlands Rancher as a Young Man 5
2 The Lure of the West 26
3 The Bison Hunt 35
4 Love and Loss 59
5 Under Western Skies 70
6 The Ranchman 82
7 The Politician 100
8 A Time of Preparation 109
9 Grizzly Hunt 121
10 Gunfighters and Blaine 139
11 Winter, 1884-85 146
12 Roundup 161
13 At Home in East and West 177
14 On the Trail of Outlaws 198
15 Love, Guilt, and City Politics 218
16 The Blizzards of 1886-87 235
17 Badlands Legacy: From the West to the White House 243