Theodore Roosevelt (American Presidents Series)

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Overview

An intimate portrait of the first president of the 20th century

The American century opened with the election of that quintessentially American adventurer, Theodore Roosevelt. Louis Auchincloss's warm and knowing biography introduces us to the man behind the many myths of Theodore Roosevelt. From his early involvement in the politics of New York City and then New York State, we trace his celebrated military career and finally his ascent to the national political stage. ...

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Theodore Roosevelt: The American Presidents Series: The 26th President, 1901-1909

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Overview

An intimate portrait of the first president of the 20th century

The American century opened with the election of that quintessentially American adventurer, Theodore Roosevelt. Louis Auchincloss's warm and knowing biography introduces us to the man behind the many myths of Theodore Roosevelt. From his early involvement in the politics of New York City and then New York State, we trace his celebrated military career and finally his ascent to the national political stage. Caricatured through history as the "bull moose," Roosevelt was in fact a man of extraordinary discipline whose refined and literate tastes actually helped spawn his fascination with the rough-and-ready worlds of war and wilderness.

Bringing all his novelist's skills to the task, Auchincloss briskly recounts the significant contributions of Roosevelt's career and administration. This biography is as thorough as it is readable, as clear-eyed as it is touching and personal.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
The statement "radical... action must be taken to do away with the effects of arrogant and selfish greed on the part of the capitalist" might sound like Karl Marx or Eugene V. Debs, but it comes from Theodore Roosevelt. Yet this president was "neither by birth, upbringing, or mature inclination in the least bit a radical," according to eminent novelist Auchincloss (The Atonement, etc.). TR (1858-1919), he says, embodied numerous contradictions for which he has been periodically pilloried by liberals and conservatives alike. Responsible for much progressive legislation he passed the Pure Food and Drug Act, created federal forest lands and obtained antitrust legislation he was also an aristocrat who was against monopolies because they were not gentlemanly, invaded Panama to build the canal and casually exhibited racism during the Spanish-American War. Born into a wealthy New York family, Roosevelt overcame bad health in childhood to embody an image of manliness (losing an eye in a boxing match against a "younger and stronger" man) and bluster that defined his era. He also avidly read Dickens, Thackeray and Greek drama. Though acknowledging Roosevelt's many contradictions, Auchincloss sidesteps most serious criticism of his subject. He paints a vivid portrait and almost treats the president as a quirky character in one of his own novels of upper-class America. More ruminative essay than close historical study, Auchincloss's narrative wanders in chronological disarray. Nonetheless, it is a compelling, novelistic approach to history. Readers curious about Roosevelt but intimidated by Edmund Morris's multi-volume bio can wet their toes in this slim text, the first title in the AmericanPresidents series, edited by eminent historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. and clearly modeled on the successful Penguin Lives series of short biographies by notable writers. (Jan. 4) Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information.
Library Journal
"The American Presidents," a new series with Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. as its general editor, is one of several recent series of little books on big topics. The series leads off, at under 150 pages, with novelist Auchincloss's biography of Theodore Roosevelt. Despite the brevity, Auchincloss offers frequent blocks of quotation from Edmund Morris and other full-length biographers, as well as from the prolific Roosevelt himself, and readers may suspect that the brief format did not call forth the author's best effort. The book offers none of the virtues of its parts, since either a full-scale biography or an Auchincloss novel would give more pleasure, and a good encyclopedia article would say as much about TR while taking up even less of the reader's time. Auchincloss is the author of another brief presidential life, Woodrow Wilson (LJ 4/15/00), in the "Penguin Lives" series. Not recommended. Robert F. Nardini, Chichester, NH Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
Auchincloss (Her Infinite Variety, 2000, etc.) trains his acute sensibility and elegant prose on our most colorful chief executive, rendering Teddy as a man of his time as well as a timeless example of principled leadership. Auchincloss argues that Roosevelt's bluster was his most human trait. The first president of the 20th century was given to loud talk and exaggeration. So what? asks the author. It masked his political shrewdness. To understand Roosevelt, one need only understand the policeman's ethic, writes Auchincloss. Before all else, Teddy did what was right. And he enjoyed coming down hard on those who did wrong. His concept of the gentleman was tantamount to a chivalric code, right up to a man's duty to fight for his country. Roosevelt insisted on expanding the American Navy, using its battleships on the international stage, and gladly sent his sons into WWI and WWII. He insisted on boxing with younger and stronger army officers, one of whom blinded him permanently in the left eye. Like a cop, Roosevelt was often bull-headed in his pursuit of what he thought was the right course of action. This stubbornness caused him trouble at the outset of WWI. First, Roosevelt gave the White House to the Democrats by opposing business-friendly Taft and splitting the Republicans. Then the ex-president had to put up with university professor Woodrow Wilson leading America into war. After Wilson ignored his predecessor's request to lead a cavalry regiment against Germany-a foolish desire, given that Roosevelt had only a few more years to live-Teddy spent much of the rest of his life fulminating against the administration, one arguably more progressive than his. Auchincloss quotes extensivelyfrom Roosevelt's writings, which are as awe-inspiring and dramatic as any novelist's. It's a wonderful way of bringing this giant to life on the page. A master craftsman's rendering of a character who needs no embellishment.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780805069068
  • Publisher: Holt, Henry & Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 1/4/2002
  • Series: American Presidents Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 176
  • Sales rank: 461,943
  • Product dimensions: 5.70 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Louis Auchincloss is a highly renowned novelist, literary critic, and historian. The author of more than fifty books, including The Rector of Justin, The House of Five Talents, and The Atonement, he is the former president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He lives in New York City.

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., is arguably the preeminent political historian of our time. For more than half a century, he has been a cornerstone figure in the intellectual life of the nation and a fixture on the political scene. He served as special assistant to John F. Kennedy; won two Pulitzer Prizes for The Age of Jackson (1946) and A Thousand Days (1966); and in 1998 received the National Humanities Medal. He published the first volume of his autobiography, A Life in the Twentieth Century, in 2000.

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Read an Excerpt

Theodore Roosevelt


By Louis Auchincloss

Times Books

Copyright © 2003 Louis Auchincloss
All right reserved.

ISBN: 0-805-06906-2


Chapter One

The Roosevelts were an old Dutch family who immigrated to Manhattan in the seventeenth century and prospered there. In a photograph of Lincoln's New York funeral procession there can be seen the mansion of Cornelius Van Schaack Roosevelt, one of the city's ten millionaires with a fortune based in real estate and merchandising plate glass. Watching from one of the windows are two little boys, believed to be Cornelius's grandsons, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. and Elliott. Their father, Theodore Sr., lived more modestly in a brownstone on East Twentieth Street, where Theodore Jr., the future president, was born in 1858. He had been preceded by a sister, Anna, nicknamed Bamie, who in middle age married a naval officer, W Sheffield Cowles, and was followed by another sister, Corinne, who wed the wealthy Douglas Robinson, and a younger brother, Elliott. The sisters, brilliant and admirable women, were lifelong devotees of their brother Theodore, but Elliott, despite good looks, charm, and intellectual ability, took early to drink and died a miserable failure, somewhat redeeming himself to history by fathering Eleanor.

Theodore Roosevelt Sr. had little inclination for business and devoted the time that his means afforded to substantial work in city charities and hospitals, attaining a widereputation for good works. Theodore Jr. adored and worshiped him, but he also admitted that though his father had never once physically punished him, "he was the only man of whom I was ever really afraid." After the latter's premature death at forty-six he said: "I often feel badly that such a wonderful man as Father should have had a son of so little worth as I am."

Theodore Sr. had married a southern belle, Martha ("Mittie") Bulloch, from Georgia, who was lovely, gentle, self-indulgent, and something, one surmises, of a hypochondriac, who lay back on sofas and was waited on, hand and foot, by devoted family and servants. Her son Elliott called her "a sweet little Dresden monument." She had a brother, James Bulloch, of more vigorous character, the Confederate agent in Britain who masterminded the construction there, contrary to international law, of the commerce raider Alabama, which sank or captured fifty-seven Union merchant ships until at last it was sunk by the USS Kearsage off Cherbourg. Another brother of Mittie's, younger, a midshipman, Irvine, was rescued from the raider's wreck and was supposed to have fired its last shot.

I emphasize this because I think it had a strong effect on the whole life of young Theodore, or "Teedie," as he was known as a boy. Teedie's mother made no secret of her Confederate sympathies and was even (probably unreliably) credited with having draped the front of her house with the stars and bars after a Southern victory. But Teedie was fiercely Yankee and did not hesitate to pray aloud for the crushing of the Southern foe even in the presence of his beloved mother. How must he have felt when his hero father made the painful decision not to take up arms against his wife's compatriots and bought a substitute to fight for him? Oh, it was all very high-minded, and Theodore Sr. took up the complicated and unrewarded volunteer job of organizing a mailing system whereby servicemen could assign some of their pay to their often indigent families, but what was that to a boy who saw his maternal kin fighting for glory? Theodore Sr. came to regret his decision; according to Bamie he felt he should have put every other feeling aside to join the fighting forces. And Corinne believed that her brother's determination to make a military reputation was "in part compensation for an unspoken disappointment in his father's course in 1861.

I should put it even more strongly. The "unspoken" tells a tale. Theodore Jr. made a point of not mentioning the things that were most sacred to him. It is well known that he would never refer to his deceased first wife, even to their daughter, Alice. That he should not ever have discussed his father's course of action in a conflict as continually talked over in his day as the Civil War shows how deeply it must have penetrated. I have no doubt that he exonerated his father completely; saints could not be besmirched. But the saints' issue could be left with an ineluctable obligation to make up in the annals of military glory for the gap that the Roosevelts had suffered. Theodore Jr.'s throwing up of his assistant secretary-ship of the navy in 1898 to become a Rough Rider when duty would have seemed to point to his staying at his post, his violent efforts as an ill and elderly man to get to the trenches in World War I, and his posting of his sons to battle all seem to stem from a barely rational compulsion. It is one thing for a father to salute his sons as they march off to fight for the right; it seems to me quite another to appeal, as he did, using all of his immense influence and prestige, to military authorities to speed them to the front. When his son Kermit thought he might get into action sooner by joining the British forces, his father did his best to pull strings to accomplish this, excusing himself to his friend Cecil Spring-Rice by saying that it was asking for a favor, "but the favor is that the boy shall have the chance to serve, and if necessary be killed in serving." And what is one to think of his attitude toward his son Archie, later to be severely wounded, when the latter asked for a few days' leave to be married before shipping to France and was accused of being a "slacker"? Or when he reproved his nephew-in-law, Franklin, assistant secretary of the navy and the father of five, for not chucking his job and enlisting? Had he, TR, not been in just that position in 1898? And was Franklin not by birth and marriage doubly a Roosevelt?

Teedie was an asthmatic child. His attacks could last for hours or days. He couldn't get enough air, gasping and choking and wheezing. When the attack was over, he would lie, sweat-soaked and trembling, dreading the next one. He was not sent to school except briefly to a local one; most of the time he was educated by tutors. German, French, and some Italian were learned on two very extended European sojourns that the Roosevelts took in the decade that followed the Civil War. Teedie was absorbed in natural history, particularly at first in birds, and he became adept at taxonomy at an early age. He also, sometimes to the distress of the household, collected a private zoo of snakes, turtles, and mice.

When he was twelve his father called him in for a very serious talk that probably changed his life. "You have the mind but you have not the body, and without the help of the body the mind cannot go as far as it should. You must make your body!" The boy at once gave himself up to a strenuous course in calisthenics, the spirit of which he never again relaxed.

He developed his physique and with it a passion for the active outdoor life, which took him on expeditions to the wilderness where he cultivated the joy of hunting. By the time he entered Harvard he was sufficiently robust and full of a zest for life, with an income greater than the salary of Harvard's president, Charles W Eliot. However, college presidents were not then well compensated, and many of the gilded youth of Boston and New York enjoyed greater allowances than young Theodore. But he did well enough for himself; he had his own rooms off campus and a horse and buggy with which to visit the beautiful Alice Lee, a Brahmin from Chesnut Hill, whom he had met early in his college career and whom he was already frantically determined to marry. He was also enthusiastic about his studies, asking so many questions in one class that the professor had to reprove him with a "I'm running this course, Mr. Roosevelt." And he eagerly cultivated the students of his own social background; it would take him a couple of years to shed his inherited snobbishness, and we find him writing home that he stood nineteenth in his class, with only "one gentleman" ahead of him. But he was well enough liked, if considered a bit eccentric - his friend Robert Bacon would not visit his rooms because of the smell of his zoological specimens - and he was duly elected to the exclusive Porcellian Club. It is interesting to note that he chose for the topic of his senior essay "the practicability of equalizing men and women before the law," and that he didn't believe that in marriage a woman should assume her husband's name.

(Continues...)



Excerpted from Theodore Roosevelt by Louis Auchincloss Copyright © 2003 by Louis Auchincloss. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

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Sort by: Showing all of 3 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted November 28, 2011

    I Also Recommend:

    Highly recommended.

    I really liked this book because it explores the life of Theodore Roosevelt from his early childhood, to his life as president, to his death in 1919. The author conveyed a theme that was parallel to the masculinity and bravery of Roosevelt. I liked how the book went into great detail about his time spent on adventures and hunting, but I didn't like how it got somewhat hung up on his time spent in office.
    I recommend this book because it is very informative about an important historical figure and American icon.
    Overall VERY good.

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  • Posted March 3, 2009

    I Also Recommend:

    TR biography OK, not as good as other books in The American Presidents series

    I have purchased every book in The American Presidents Series and even though TR is my favorite president, this was one of my least favorite books. This series has a different author for each president, and the general theme seems to be that the author will take a cross-section of all the other biographies available on their subject, and give you a very objective history for each president. Louis Auchincloss provides a great many quotes from Roosevelt (who was a long-winded speaker), and it breaks up the continuity of the biography. Most of the books in this series are about 150-160 pages, so they are a quick read. This book, however, did not flow as it could have.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 25, 2003

    Disappointing

    The Presidential Series is an attractive project. The quality of the authors selected for the project is quite impressive. The challenge will be to insure that the books are as impressive as the project and the authors. In the case of the books on James Madison and John Quincy Adams, they were. Unfortunately, it is not the case with this book on Theordore Roosevelt. The book seemed more a collection of articles than a book. While no one expects any new revelation in a book of this nature, especially when so much has been written on this particular president, one has a right to expect a good presentation of the presidential years of Roosevelt. Instead, one is left with an anecdotal approach to history. One can only hope that the series editors will focus more on future volumes.

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