Theoretical Basis for Nursing / Edition 3

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Designed for one of the core courses taught in all graduate nursing programs, this text is the most contemporary, concise, and readable nursing theory textbook on the market. It presents historical perspectives on the development of nursing theory, assessments of concept and theory development and theory evaluation, middle-range theories, and shared theories from other disciplines in the sociologic, behavioral, and biomedical sciences, focusing on the application of theory. Learning features found throughout the text include case studies and end-of-chapter summaries that help to reinforce essential concepts.

This text is the most contemporary and comprehensive Nursing Theory textbook on the market today. Written in an easily understood style, it reflects current content course needs by addressing the underlying information needed to understand and apply theory to practice. One of the most popular aspects of this text is how it presents shared theories from other disciplines--such as the sociological, behavioral, and biomedical sciences--and relates them to nursing practice, research, education, and administration.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Vicki Ann Moss, DNSc, MS, BSN, RN (University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh)
Description: This is a basic nursing theory book that focuses on helping students understand and apply theory to practice.
Purpose: The purpose is to guide students in ways to apply theory rather than to just analyze and critique theory.
Audience: The main audiences are graduate students and theory instructors, but the authors feel it also will be useful for practicing nurses, nurse researchers, and nursing scholars.
Features: Although most of the book is similar to the second edition, it does expand on the areas of evidence-based practice, middle range theories, and situation-specific theories. It also includes a variety of resources for faculty and students online as well as numerous recent examples of the application of theory to practice.
Assessment: This is a very comprehensive discussion of theory in general, theory types, and application of theory to practice. The expanded areas enhance students' understanding of the latest in theory application. In addition, it is written at a level graduate students and other novice researchers can understand. I use it as the main theory textbook for my graduate students and find it well organized and well written. The editors and contributing authors do a great job of bringing theory to practice. It is an outstanding addition to the available books on theory.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Vicki Ann Moss, DNSc, MS, BSN, RN (University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh)
Description: According to the editors, "the focus of this book is on the application of theory rather than on the study, analysis, and critique of grand theories or a presentation of a specific aspect of theory (e.g., construction or evaluation)", (p. xiv).
Purpose: The book is designed to be a basic theory text with the purpose of providing readers with a greater understanding and appreciation of theory.
Audience: The audience for this text would be graduate students and nursing faculty as well as the practicing nurse, nursing scholars, and nurse researchers.
Features: This book consists of 21 chapters divided into four units; 1) Introduction to Theory, 2) Nursing Theories, 3) Borrowed Theories Used by Nurses, and 4) Application of Theory in Nursing Practice. An enhanced discussion of middle range theory is new to this edition with the addition of the Omaha System, the Synergy Model, the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms, and Kolcaba's Comfort Theory. Other added theories include, Roper, Logan and Tierney's nursing theory, chaos theory, the Health Belief Model, and the Theory of Reasoned Action. Each chapter includes a case study to help the reader apply chapter content to practice. Learning activities and discussion questions are provided at chapters' end. Internet resources are also provided where appropriate.
Assessment: "This is an excellent text for a graduate theory course. I have used the 1st edition since it was available and have been very pleased with its versatility and ease of read. The 2nd edition with its added content makes it even more valuable as a beginning graduate text. The editors and contributing authors bring theory to practice. It is an outstanding addition to the available texts on theory. "

5 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781605473239
  • Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Publication date: 1/20/2010
  • Edition description: North American Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 528
  • Sales rank: 46,952
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Unit I Introduction to Theory 1

Chapter 1 Philosophy, Science, and Nursing Melanie McEwen 2

Nursing as a Profession 2

Nursing as an Academic Discipline 3

Introduction to Science and Philosophy 4

Science and Philosophical Schools of Thought 7

Nursing Philosophy, Nursing Science, and Philosophy of Science in Nursing 9

Knowledge Development and Nursing Science 10

Research Methodology and Nursing Science 14

Summary 17

Case Study 17

Chapter 2 Overview of Theory in Nursing Melanie McEwen 21

Overview of Theory 22

The Importance of Theory in Nursing 23

Terminology of Theory 24

Historical Overview: Theory Development in Nursing 24

Classification of Theories in Nursing 30

Issues in Theory Development in Nursing 37

Summary 43

Chapter 3 Concept Development: Clarifying Meaning of Terms Evelyn Wills Melanie McEwen 46

The Concept of "Concept" 47

Concept Analysis/Concept Development 51

Strategies for Concept Analysis and Concept Development 53

Summary 64

Chapter 4 Theory Development: Structuring Conceptual Relationships in Nursing Melanie McEwen 68

Overview of Theory Development 69

Categorizations of Theory 69

Components of a Theory 75

Theory Development 78

Summary 84

Chapter 5 Theory Analysis and Evaluation Melanie McEwen 89

Definition and Purpose of Theory Evaluation 90

Historical Overview of Theory Analysis and Evaluation 91

Comparisons of Methods 99

Synthesized Method of Theory Evaluation 99

Summary 100

Unit II Nursing Theories 107

Chapter 6 Overview of Grand Nursing Theories Evelyn Wills 108

Categorization of Conceptual Frameworks and Grand Theories 110

Specific Categories of Models and Theories for This Unit 115

Analysis Criteria for Grand Nursing Theories 116

The Purpose of Critiquing Theories 119

Summary 119

Chapter 7 Grand Nursing Theories Based on Human Needs Evelyn Wills 121

Florence Nightingale: Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not 122

Virginia Henderson: The Principles and Practice of Nursing 126

Faye G. Abdellah: Patient-Centered Approaches to Nursing 128

Dorothea E. Orem: The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory 131

Dorothy Johnson: The Behavioral System Model 135

Betty Neuman: The Neuman Systems Model 139

Summary 143

Chapter 8 Grand Nursing Theories Based on Interactive Process Evelyn Wills 148

The Conservation Model Myra Estrin Levine 149

The Intersystem Model Barbara M. Artinian 153

Modeling and Role-Modeling Helen C. Erickson Evelyn M. Tomlin Mary Ann P. Swain 158

King's Conceptual System and Theory of Goal Attainment and Transactional Process Imogene M. King 161

Model of Nursing Based on Activities of Living Roper Logan Tierney 165

The Roy Adaptation Model Sister Callista Roy 170

Caring Science as Sacred Science Jean Watson 174

Summary 178

Chapter 9 Grand Nursing Theories Based on Unitary Process Evelyn Wills 183

The Science of Unitary and Irreducible Human Beings Martha Rogers 184

Health as Expanding Consciousness Margaret Newman 188

The Theory of Human Becoming Rosemarie Parse 193

Summary 199

Chapter 10 Introduction to Middle Range Nursing Theories Melanie McEwen 204

Purposes of Middle Range Theory 205

Characteristics of Middle Range Theory 206

Concepts and Relationships for Middle Range Theory 207

Categorizing Middle Range Theory 208

Development of Middle Range Theory 208

Analysis and Evaluation of Middle Range Theory 215

Summary 216

Chapter 11 Overview of Selected Middle Range Nursing Theories Melanie McEwen 220

High Middle Range Theories 221

Middle Middle Range Theories 231

Low Middle Range Theories 238

Summary 242

Unit III Borrowed Theories Used by Nurses 249

Chapter 12 Theories From the Sociologic Sciences Grace M. Bielkiewicz 250

Exchange Theories 251

Interactionist Frameworks 256

Conflict Theories 260

Chaos Theory 266

Summary 269

Chapter 13 Theories From the Behavioral Sciences Martha Kuhns Melanie McEwen 274

Psychodynamic Theories 276

Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Theories 282

Humanistic Theories 284

Stress Theories 287

Social Psychology 290

Summary 295

Chapter 14 Theories From the Biomedical Sciences Melanie McEwen 300

Theories and Models of Disease Causation 301

Theories and Principles Related to Physiology and Physical Functioning 308

Summary 319

Chapter 15 Theories, Models, and Frameworks From Administration and Management Melinda Granger Oberleitner 322

Overview of Concepts of Leadership and Management 323

Early Leadership Theories 323

Contemporary Leadership Theories 330

Organizational/Management Theories 332

Motivational Theories 333

Concepts of Power, Empowerment, and Change 335

Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Processes 338

Conflict Management 340

Quality Control and Quality Improvement 341

Evidence-Based Practice 343

Summary 344

Chapter 16 Learning Theories Evelyn Wills Melanie McEwen 348

What Is Learning? 349

What is Teaching? 350

Categorization of Learning Theories 350

Behavioral Learning Theories 351

Cognitive Learning Theories 353

Summary of Learning Theories 365

Learning Styles 366

Principles of Learning 367

Application of Learning Theories in Nursing 368

Summary 369

Unit IV Application of Theory in Nursing 373

Chapter 17 Application of Theory in Nursing Practice Melanie McEwen 374

Relationship Between Theory and Practice 375

Theory-Based Nursing Practice 376

The Theory-Practice Gap 377

Practice Theories in Nursing 380

Evidence-Based Practice 383

Application of Theory in Nursing Practice 386

Summary 390

Chapter 18 Application of Theory in Nursing Research Melanie McEwen 393

Historical Overview of Research and Theory in Nursing 394

Relationship Between Research and Theory 395

Types of Theory and Corresponding Research 397

How Theory Is Used in Research 400

Nursing and Nonnursing Theories in Nursing Research 406

Other Issues in Nursing Theory and Nursing Research 408

Summary 411

Chapter 19 Application of Theory in Nursing Administration and Management Melinda Granger Oberleitner 414

Organizational Design 415

Shared Governance 418

Transformational Leadership in Nursing and in Health Care 419

Patient Care Delivery Models 420

Case Management 427

Disease/Chronic Illness Management 429

Quality Management 431

Summary 435

Chapter 20 Application of Theory in Nursing Education Evelyn Wills Melanie McEwen 459

Theoretical Issues in Nursing Curricula 442

Theoretical Issues in Nursing Instruction 449

Summary 455

Chapter 21 Future Issues in Nursing Theory Melanie McEwen 459

Future Issues in Nursing Science 461

Future Issues in Nursing Theory 462

Theoretical Perspectives on Future Issues in Nursing Practice, Research, Administration and Management, and Education 464

Summary 470

Index 473

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