Theories of Public Organization / Edition 6

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Theories of Public Organization is a brief, readable overview of public organization theory that presents multiple viewpoints, enabling you to develop your own philosophies of public organization, and helping you relate theory to application. The Sixth Edition incorporates a new theme of Governance, which explores the traditions, institutions, and processes that determine how power is exercised, how citizens are given a voice, and how decisions are made on issues of public concern.

New: Chapter Nine, The New Public Service and Democratic Governance, explores the traditions, institutions, and processes that determine how power is exercised, how citizens are given a voice, and how decisions are made on issues of public concern.

Helps you understand more clearly and reconcile the differences between theory and practice as they relate to public organization.

Provides a complete history of public organization theory in this country. Theory is presented within an historical and philosophical context.

Encourages you to develop your own philosophy, and includes using an administrative journal to bring together theory and practice.

Contrasts the most contemporary differences in viewpoints, the New Public Management, and the New Public Service. The later chapters highlight the differences between these two viewpoints.

Our Mission:

At Wadsworth Political Science, our goal is to publish current, relevant programs that help instructors create lively, engaging classrooms. We aim to further inspire those students who are passionate about the discipline, and to motivate beginning students by showing them that they can, indeed, make a difference.

Wadsworth, a part of Cengage Learning, publishes textbooks and programs for all of the course areas in the Political Science curriculum.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The text has an intuitive sequence based on a functional approach that is roughly chronological. It introduces the basic theories as they build and respond to one another. This sequence allows students to gain an appreciation for the sweep of the discipline's history through the prism of major theoretical schools of administrative thought." - Brett Sharp, University of Central Oklahoma
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781439086230
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 2/26/2010
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert B. Denhardt is Professor and Director of Leadership Development in the Sol Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California, Regents Professor Emeritus at Arizona State University, and Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the University of Delaware. A past president of the American Society for Public Administration and a member of the National Academy of Public Administration, Dr. Denhardt has published twenty-two books, including THE DANCE OF LEADERSHIP, THE NEW PUBLIC SERVICE, MANAGING HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN PUBLIC AND NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, THEORIES OF PUBLIC ORGANIZATION, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: AN ACTION ORIENTATION, IN THE SHADOW OF ORGANIZATION, and THE PURSUIT OF SIGNIFICANCE.

Thomas J. Catlaw is the Frank and June Sackton Chair in Public Administration and an Associate Professor in the School of Public Affairs at Arizona State University on the Downtown Phoenix Campus. His research centers on the application of political and social theory to problems of governance and social change. He is the author of Fabricating the People: Politics and Administration in the Biopolitical State and has published widely on matters of public administration and democratic participation. Dr. Catlaw was editor of Administrative Theory & Praxis, an international journal dedicated to innovative and critical analysis of governmental practice, and worked previously for the U.S. Office of Management and Budget in Washington, DC on issues of federal audit policy.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

About the Author xiii

1 Learning about Public Organizations 1

The Acquisition of Knowledge 2

Formal Theories of Public Organization 9

Building Theories of Public Organization 11

Focusing on Complex Organizations 14

Redefining the Field 16

Conclusion 17

Discussion Questions 18

Cases 18

References and Additional Readings 19

2 The Intellectual Heritage: Marx, Weber, and Freud 20

Karl Marx 21

Transition to Socialism 22

Industrial Organization and Individual Development 23

Growth of Alienation 24

Max Weber 26

Rationalization of Social Theory: The Notion of the "Ideal Type" 27

Sigmund Freud 31

What Can We Learn? 35

Conclusion 38

Discussion Questions 39

Cases 39

References and Additional Readings 39

3 The Political Heritage: From Wilson to Waldo 41

Beginnings of Public Administration Theory 42

Politics-Administration 45

The Lingering Influence of Politics-Administration 49

Adopting Business Management Techniques 51

Scientific Approaches to Management 52

Administrative Management and Organizational Structure 57

Centralization and Integration 58

Efficiency: The Key Measure of Success 63

Democratic Administration 65

Conclusion 67

Discussion Questions 68

Cases 68

References and Additional Readings 69

4 The Rational Model of Organization 71

A Science of Human Behavior 71

The Generic Approach to Administration 72

The Proverbs of Administration 73

The Rational Model of Administration 76

Decision Making and Policy Formulation 81

Closed Systems versus Open Systems 86

Conclusion 90

Discussion Questions 91

Cases 91

References and Additional Readings 91

5 Organizational Humanism and the New Public Administration 93

Themes in Organizational Humanism 94

Personality and Organization 98

Organization Development in the Public Sector 102

The New Public Administration 106

Conclusion 113

Discussion Questions 114

Cases 114

References and Additional Readings 114

6 The Policy Emphasis and the New Public Management 117

Development of the Public Policy Orientation 118

Responsiveness in Public Policy 121

Effectiveness in Public Policy 130

The Discovery of Policy Implementation 133

Methods of Policy Analysis 136

The Intellectual Crisis 138

The New Public Management 141

Conclusion 149

Discussion Questions 149

Cases 150

References and Additional Readings 150

7 Public Administration and the New Public Service 155

A Critique of the Rational Model 157

Interpretive/Action Theory 163

Critical Social Theory 167

Discourse and Post-Traditional Public Administration 173

The New Public Service 182

Outlining the New Public Service 190

Democratic Network Governance 193

Conclusion 197

Discussion Questions 197

Cases 198

References and Additional Readings 198

8 The Practitioner as Theorist 205

Theories and Theory Building 206

Toward Theories of Public Organization 208

Organizational and Personal Learning 212

A New Role for Theorists 214

Conclusion 215

Discussion Questions 216

Cases 216

References and Additional Readings 216

Appendix 218

The Administrative Journal 218

The Journal Format 220

Working in the Administrative Journal 223

Examples of Journal Entries 224

Credits 227

Name Index 228

Subject Index 232

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