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Theories of War and Peace / Edition 1

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Overview

What causes war? How can wars be prevented? Scholars and policymakers have sought the answers to these questions for centuries. Although wars continue to occur, recent scholarship has made progress toward developing more sophisticated and perhaps more useful theories on the causes and prevention of war. This volume includes essays by leading scholars on contemporary approaches to understanding war and peace.The essays include expositions, analyses, and critiques of some of the more prominent and enduring explanations of war. Several authors discuss realist theories of war, which focus on the distribution of power and the potential for offensive war. Others examine the prominent hypothesis that the spread of democracy will usher in an era of peace. In light of the apparent increase in nationalism and ethnic conflict, several authors present hypotheses on how nationalism causes war and how such wars can be controlled. Contributors also engage in a vigorous debate on whether international institutions can promote peace. In a section on war and peace in the changing international system, several authors consider whether rising levels of international economic independence and environmental scarcity will influence the likelihood of war.

The MIT Press

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262522526
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 10/29/1998
  • Series: International Security Readers Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 604
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.70 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael E. Brown is Dean of the Elliott School of International Affairs at George
Washington University.
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Table of Contents

The Contributors
Acknowledgments
Preface
Pt. I Realist Theories of War and Peace
Back to the Future: Instability in Europe after the Cold War 3
Offense, Defense, and the Causes of War 55
Realists as Optimists: Cooperation as Self-Help 94
Pt. II Democracy and War
How Liberalism Produces Democratic Peace 137
Kant or Cant: The Myth of the Democratic Peace 176
Democratization and the Danger of War 221
Pt. III Nationalism, Ethnicity, and War
Hypotheses on Nationalism and War 257
Containing Fear: The Origins and Management of Ethnic Conflict 292
Pt. IV International Institutions, War, and Peace
The False Promise of International Institutions 329
The Promise of Institutionalist Theory 384
The Promise of Collective Security 397
The False Premise of Realism 407
Constructing International Politics 416
A Realist Reply 427
Pt. V War and Peace in a Changing International System
Is War Obsolete? A Review Essay 441
Economic Interdependence and War: A Theory of Trade Expectations 464
Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases 501
The Utility of Force in a World of Scarcity 537
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