Theory and Practice of Perspective


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Theory and Practice of Perspective

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This book is part of the TREDITION CLASSICS series. The creators of this series are united by passion for literature and driven by the intention of making all public domain books available in printed format again - worldwide. At tredition we believe that a great book never goes out of style. Several mostly non-profit literature projects provide content to tredition. To support their good work, tredition donates a portion of the proceeds from each sold copy. As a reader of a TREDITION CLASSICS book, you support our mission to save many of the amazing works of world literature from oblivion.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780486449074
  • Publisher: Dover Publications
  • Publication date: 2/10/2006
  • Series: Dover Art Instruction Series
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 567,913
  • Product dimensions: 5.30 (w) x 8.40 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Book I:
The Necessity of the Study of Perspective to Painters, Sculptors, and Architects
What is Perspective?
The Theory of Perspective:
  I. Definitions
  II. The Point of Sight, the Horizon, and the Point of Distance
  III. Point of Distance
  IV. Perspective of a Point, Visual Rays, &c.
  V. Trace and Projection
  VI. Scientific Definition of Perspective
  VII. The Rules and Conditions of Perspective
  VIII. A Table or Index of the Rules of Perspective
Book II:
  IX. The Square in Parallel Perspective
  X. The Diagonal
  XI. The Square
  XII. Geometrical and Perspective Figures Contrasted
  XIII. Of Certain Terms made use of in Perspective
  XIV. How to Measure Vanishing or Receding Lines
  XV. How to Place Squares in Given Positions
  XVI. How to Draw Pavements, &c.
  XVII. Of Squares placed Vertically and at Different Heights, or the Cube in Parallel Perspective
  XVIII. The Transposed Distance
  XIX. The Front View of the Square and of the Proportions of Figures at Different Heights
  XX. Of Pictures that are Painted according to the Position they are to Occupy
  XXI. Interiors
  XXII. The Square at an Angle of 45°
  XXIII. The Cube at an Angle of 45°
  XXIV. Pavements Drawn by Means of Squares at 45°
  XXV. The Perspective Vanishing Scale
  XXVI. The Vanishing Scale can be Drawn to any Point on the Horizon
  XXVII. Application of Vanishing Scales to Drawing Figures
  XXVIII. How to Determine the Heights of Figures on a Level Plane
  XXIX. The Horizon above the Figures
  XXX. Landscape Perspective
  XXXI. Figures of Different Heights. The Chessboard
  XXXII. Application of the Vanishing Scale to Drawing Figures at an Angle when their Vanishing Points are Inaccessible or Outside the Picture
  XXXIII. The Reduced Distance. How to Proceed when the Point of Distance is Inaccessible
  XXXIV. How to Draw a Long Passage or Cloister by Means of the Reduced Distance
  XXXV. How to Form a Vanishing Scale that shall give the Height, Depth, and Distance of any Object in the Picture
  XXXVI. Measuring Scale on Ground
  XXXVII. Application of the Reduced Distance and the Vanishing Scale to Drawing a Lighthouse, &c.
  XXXVIII. How to Measure Long Distances such as a Mile or Upwards
  XXXIX. Further Illustration of Long Distances and Extended Views
  XL. How to Ascertain the Relative Heights of Figures on an Inclined Plane
  XLI. How to Find the Distance of a Given Figure or Point from the Base Line
  XLII. How to Measure the Height of Figures on Uneven Ground
  XLIII. Further Illustration of the Size of Figures at Different Distances and on Uneven Ground
  XLIV. Figures on a Descending Plane
  XLV. Further Illustration of the Descending Plane
  XLVI. Further Illustration of Uneven Ground
  XLVII. The Picture Standing on the Ground
  XLVIII. The Picture on a Height
Book III:
  XLIX. Angular Perspective
  L. How to put a Given Point into Perspective
  LI. A Perspective Point being given, Find its Position on the Geometrical Plane
  LII. How to put a Given Line into Perspective
  LIII. To Find the Length of a Given Perspective Line
  LIV. To Find these Points when the Distance-Point is Inaccessible
  LV. How to put a Given Triangle or other Rectilineal Figure into Perspective
  LVI. How to put a Given Square into Angular Perspective
  LVII. Of Measuring Points
  LVIII. How to Divide any Given Straight Line into Equal or Proportionate Parts
  LIX. How to Divide a Diagonal Vanishing Line into any Number of Equal or Proportional Parts
  LX.-LXI. Further Use of the Measuring Point O
  LXII. Another Method of Angular Perspective, being that Adopted in our Art Schools
  LXIII. Two Methods of Angular Perspective in one Figure
  LXIV. To Draw a Cube, the Points being Given
  LXV. Amplification of the Cube Applied to Drawing a Cottage
  LXVI. How to Draw an Interior at an Angle
  LXVII. How to Correct Distorted Perspective by Doubling the Line of Distance
  LXVIII. How to Draw a Cube on a Given Square, using only One Vanishing Point
  LXIX. A Courtyard or Cloister Drawn with One Vanishing Point
  LXX. How to Draw Lines which shall Meet at a Distant Point, by Means of Diagonals
  LXXI. How to Divide a Square Placed at an Angle into a Given Number of Small Squares
  LXXII. Further Example of how to Divide a Given Oblique Square into a Given Number of Equal Squares, say Twenty-five
  LXXIII. OF Parallels and Diagonals
  LXXIV. The Square, the Oblong, and their Diagonals
  LXXV. Showing the Use of the Square and Diagonals in Drawing Doorways, Windows, and other Architectural Features
  LXXVI. How to Measure Depths by Diagonals
  LXXVII. How to Measure Distances by the Square and Diagonal
  LXXVIII. How by Means of the Square and Diagonal we can Determine the Position of Points in Space
  LXXIX. Perspective of a Point Placed in any Position within the Square
  LXXX. Perspective of a Square Placed at an Angle. New Method
  LXXXI. On a Given Line Placed at an Angle to the Base Draw a Square in Angular Perspective, the Point of Sight, and Distance, being given
  LXXXII. How to Draw Solid Figures at any Angle by the New Method
  LXXXIII. Points in Space
  LXXXIV. The Square and Diagonal Applied to Cubes and Solids Drawn Therein
  LXXXV. To Draw an Oblique Square in Another Oblique Square without Using Vanishing-points
  LXXXVI. Showing how a Pedestal can be Drawn by the New Method
  LXXXVII. Scale on Each Side of the Picture
  LXXXVIII. The Circle
  LXXXIX. The Circle in Perspective a True Ellipse
  XC. Further Illustration of the Ellipse
  XCI. How to Draw a Circle in Perspective Without a Geometrical Plan
  XCII. How to Draw a Circle in Angular Perspective
  XCIII. How to Draw a Circle in Perspective more Correctly, by Using Sixteen Guiding Points
  XCIV. How to Divide a Perspective Circle into any Number of Equal Parts
  XCV. How to Draw Concentric Circles
  XCVI. The Angle of the Diameter of the Circle in Angular and Parallel Perspective
  XCVII. How to Correct Disproportion in teh Width of Columns
  XCVIII. How to Draw a Circle over a Circle or a Cylinder
  XCIX. To Draw a Circle Below a Given Circle
  C. Application of Previous Problem
  CI. Doric Columns
  CII. To Draw Semicircles Standing upon a Circle at any Angle
  CIII. A Dome Standing on a Cylinder
  CIV. Section of a Dome or Niche
  CV. A Dome
  CVI. How to Draw Columns Standing in a Circle
  CVII. Columns and Capitals
  CVIII. Method of Perspective Employed by Architects
  CIX. The Octagon
  CX. How to Draw the Octagon in Angular Perspective
  CXI. How to Draw the Octagonal Figure in Angular Perspective
  CXII. How to Draw Concentric Octagons, with Illustration of a Well
  CXIII. A Pavement Composed of Octagons and Small Squares
  CXIV. The Hexagon
  CXV. A Pavement Composed of Hexagonal Tiles
  CXVI. A Pavement of Hexagonal Tiles in Angular Perspective
  CXVII. Further Illustration of the Hexagon
  CXVIII. Another View of the Hexagon in Angular Perspective
  CXIX. Application of the Hexagon to Drawing a Kiosk
  CXX. The Pentagon
  CXXI. The Pyramid
  CXXII. The Great Pyramid
  CXXIII. The PYramid in Angular Perspective
  CXXIV. To Divide the Sides of the Pyramid Horizontally
  CXXV. Of Roofs
  CXXVI. Of ARches, Arcades, Bridges, &c.
  CXXVII. Outline of an Arcade with Semicircular Arches
  CXXVIII. Semicircular Arches on a Retreating Plane
  CXXIX. An Arcade in Angular Perspective
  CXXX. A Vaulted Ceiling
  CXXXI. A Cloister, from a Photograph
  CXXXII. The Low or Elliptical Arch
  CXXXIII. Opening or Arched Window in a Vault
  CXXXIV. Stairs, Steps, &c.
  CXXXV. Steps, Front View
  CXXXVI. Square Steps
  CXXXVII. To Divide an Inclined Plane into Equal Parts--such as a Ladder Placed against a Wall
  CXXXVIII. Steps and the Inclined Plane
  CXXXIX. Steps in Angular Perspective
  CXL. A Step Ladder at an Angle
  CXLI. Square Steps Placed over each other
  CXLII. Steps and a Double Cross Drawn by Means of Diagonals and one Vanishing Point
  CXLIII. A Staircase Leading to a Gallery
  CXLIV. Winding Stairs in a Square Shaft
  CXLV. Winding Stairs in a Cylindrical Shaft
  CXLVI. Of the Cylindrical Picture or Diorama
  CXLVII. The Perspective of Cast Shadows
  CXLVIII. The Two Kinds of Shadows
  CXLIX. Shadows Cast by the Sun
  CL. The Sun in the Same Plane as the Picture
  CLI. The Sun Behind the Picture
  CLII. Sun Behind the Picture, Shadows Thrown on a Wall
  CLIII. Sun Behind the Picture Throwing Shadow on an Inclined Plane
  CLIV. The Sun in Front of the Picture
  CLV. The Shadow of an Inclined Plane
  CLVI. Shadow on a Roof or Inclined Plane
  CLVII. To Find the Shadow of a Projection or Balcony on a Wall
  CLVIII. Shadow on a Retreating Wall, Sun in Front
  CLIX. Shadow of an Arch, Sun in Front
  CLX. Shadow in a Niche or Recess
  CLXI. Shadow in an Arched Doorway
  CLXII. Shadows Produced by Artificial Light
  CLXIII. Some Observations on Real Light and Shade
  CLXIV. Reflection
  CLXV. Angles of Reflection
  CLXVI. Reflections of Objects at Different Distances
  CLXVII. Reflections in a Looking-glass
  CLXVIII. The Mirror at an Angle
  CLXIX. The Upright Mirror at an Angle of 45° to the Wall
  CLXX. Mental Perspective
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