Theory of Projection in Syntax

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The book proposes a theory of phrase structure in which structures are built by a simple adjunction operation, and specifiers are solely characterised by agreement. Having introduced some of the basic notions of the principle-and-parameters theory in Chapter 1, Chapter 2 discusses and illustrates the fundamental difference between lexical and functional categories: Lexical categories have Lexical Conceptual Structure in the sense of Hale and Keyser (1986), whereas functional categories lack such intrinsic semantic property. Instead, functional categories possess agreement features which connect two distinct syntactic categories. Based on this fundamental difference, a new system of projection called the relativized X-bar theory is introduced. Chapter 3 explores various consequences of the projection system introduced in Chapter 2. In Chapter 4, the discussion focuses on the phrase structural properties of Japanese.

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Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Introduction 1
Ch. 2 Projection Types: Lexical vs. Functional Categories 11
2.2 The Structure of IP and DP 25
2.3 Function Features 27
2.4 The Saturation Principle 28
2.5 Deriving the Surface Order 30
2.6 On the Specifier Position 33
Ch. 3 Consequences of the Projection System 45
3.1 The Simplification of [theta]-marking 46
3.2 The Position of PRO 56
3.3 The Notion of Maximal Projection and the Status of the X-bar Schema 88
Ch. 4 The Phrase Structure of Japanese 93
4.1 Facts to be Accounted for 94
4.2 Japanese As a SPECless Language 104
4.3 The Phrase Structure of Japanese 131
4.4 Some Consequences 141
References 147
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